How to format your references using the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D. (2002). Royal Institution’s director blasts scientific sexism. Nature, 420(6915), 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maherali, H., & Klironomos, J. N. (2007). Influence of phylogeny on fungal community assembly and ecosystem functioning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5832), 1746–1748.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brummelkamp, T. R., Bernards, R., & Agami, R. (2002). A system for stable expression of short interfering RNAs in mammalian cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 550–553.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Suh, E.-K., Yang, A., Kettenbach, A., Bamberger, C., Michaelis, A. H., Zhu, Z., et al. (2006). p63 protects the female germ line during meiotic arrest. Nature, 444(7119), 624–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. (2015). The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bergmann, C. P., & Andrade, M. J. de (Eds.). (2011). Nanostructured Materials for Engineering Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abbas, A. E., & Dylewski, M. R. (2014). Robotic Assisted Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy. In K. C. Kim (Ed.), Robotics in General Surgery (pp. 25–32). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 24). Stink Bug Moms Choose the Color of Their Eggs. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Education of Homeless Students: Improved Program Oversight Needed (No. GAO-14-465). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purnell, C. P. (2012). Exploring teachers’ perceptions of professional development in virtual learning teams (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Olmsted, S. A. (1936, November 2). DEPUTY MAYOR IDEA NOT NEW; Tammany Objection to the Charter Plan Regarded as Baseless. New York Times, p. BOOKS20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2002; Maherali and Klironomos 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maherali and Klironomos 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Suh et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
AbbreviationInt. J. Ment. Health Addict.
ISSN (print)1557-1874
ISSN (online)1557-1882
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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