How to format your references using the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett, B. C. (2004). Chemistry. Ions at the air/water interface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5661), 1146–1147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitman, N. C. A., & Jørgensen, P. M. (2002). Estimating the size of the world’s threatened flora. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 989.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blackburn, E. H., Epel, E. S., & Lin, J. (2015). Human telomere biology: A contributory and interactive factor in aging, disease risks, and protection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6265), 1193–1198.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Qin, W., Gong, M., Shastry, T., Hersam, M. C., & Ren, S. (2014). Charge-transfer induced magnetic field effects of nano-carbon heterojunctions. Scientific reports, 4, 6126.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fliszár, S. (2008). Atomic Charges, Bond Properties, and Molecular Energies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rooney, P. R., & Gasperini, A. (Eds.). (2016). Media and Print Culture Consumption in Nineteenth-Century Britain: The Victorian Reading Experience. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Wade, W. G. (2007). Characterisation of the human oral microbiome and metagenome. In M. Watanabe, O. Okuno, K. Sasaki, N. Takahashi, O. Suzuki, & H. Takada (Eds.), Interface Oral Health Science 2007: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium for Interface Oral Health Science, Held in Sendai, Japan, Between 18 and 19 February, 2007 (pp. 43–51). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, June 2). The Same Gene Blackens Moths And Colors Butterflies. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Bilingual Education: A New Look at the Research Evidence (No. PEMD-87-12BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, D. L. (2014). BOUND/(bang) (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, June 23). Arab Nations Present Demands to Qatar, Including That It Close Down Al Jazeera. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garrett 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Garrett 2004; Pitman and Jørgensen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitman and Jørgensen 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Qin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
AbbreviationInt. J. Ment. Health Addict.
ISSN (print)1557-1874
ISSN (online)1557-1882
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles