How to format your references using the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Merryfield, B. (2005). Ocean science. Ocean mixing in 10 steps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), 641–642.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zelzer, E., & Olsen, B. R. (2003). The genetic basis for skeletal diseases. Nature, 423(6937), 343–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Le Mée, L., Girardeau, J., & Monnier, C. (2004). Mantle segmentation along the Oman ophiolite fossil mid-ocean ridge. Nature, 432(7014), 167–172.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, J., Liang, Z., Wang, W., Yi, C., Zhang, S., & Zhang, Q. (2014). Revealing origin of decrease in potency of darunavir and amprenavir against HIV-2 relative to HIV-1 protease by molecular dynamics simulations. Scientific reports, 4, 6872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denham, B. E. (2016). Categorical Statistics for Communication Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shimada, Y., & Miyakoshi, N. (Eds.). (2016). Osteoporosis in Orthopedics: Assessment and Therapeutic Options (1st ed. 2016.). Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Meinel, F. G., Zhang, L. J., & Schoepf, U. J. (2015). Dual Energy CT in Chest Tumors. In C. N. De Cecco, A. Laghi, U. J. Schoepf, & F. G. Meinel (Eds.), Dual Energy CT in Oncology (pp. 41–58). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 30). What Happens To Liquid Nitrogen In A Vacuum? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Rail Grant Oversight: Greater Adherence to Leading Practices Needed to Improve Grants Management (No. GAO-16-544). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heredia, R. (2017). Leadership Development in a Multigenerational Workplace: An Exploratory Study (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, August 31). At Play in the Cardboard Jungle. New York Times, p. MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Merryfield 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Merryfield 2005; Zelzer and Olsen 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zelzer and Olsen 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
AbbreviationInt. J. Ment. Health Addict.
ISSN (print)1557-1874
ISSN (online)1557-1882
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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