How to format your references using the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk, J. B. (2006). Behavior. Who are more helpful, humans or chimpanzees? Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5765), 1248–1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, P. I., & Smith, M. J. (2014). Earth systems: Model human adaptation to climate change. Nature, 512(7515), 365–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Colombo, M. G., Franzoni, C., & Rossi-Lamastra, C. (2015). ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Cash from the crowd. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1201–1202.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reimold, A. M., Iwakoshi, N. N., Manis, J., Vallabhajosyula, P., Szomolanyi-Tsuda, E., Gravallese, E. M., et al. (2001). Plasma cell differentiation requires the transcription factor XBP-1. Nature, 412(6844), 300–307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhurin, V. V. (2011). Industrial Ion Sources. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Streitz, N., & Markopoulos, P. (Eds.). (2015). Distributed, Ambient, and Pervasive Interactions: Third International Conference, DAPI 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9189). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Manseau, J., & Keown, M. (2005). Development of an Assessment Methodology for Lower Leg Injuries Resulting from Anti-Vehicular Blast Landmines. In M. D. Gilchrist (Ed.), IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications (pp. 33–40). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 6). The Omega-Shaped Jet Stream Responsible for Europe’s Heatwave. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Surface Transportation: Funding Limitations and Barriers To Cross-Modal Decision Making (No. T-RCED-93-25). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jang, S. H. (2010). Interpretation of extended techniques in unaccompanied flute works by East-Asian composers: Isang Yun, Toru Takemitsu, and Kazuo Fukushima (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017, May 12). Brahms Wrote It for His Mother and His Friend Robert. New York Times, p. C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silk 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Palmer and Smith 2014; Silk 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Smith 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Reimold et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
AbbreviationInt. J. Ment. Health Addict.
ISSN (print)1557-1874
ISSN (online)1557-1882
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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