How to format your references using the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macfarlane, A. M. (2011). Nuclear policy. The overlooked back end of the nuclear fuel cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6047), 1225–1226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makeyev, E. V., & Maniatis, T. (2008). Multilevel regulation of gene expression by microRNAs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5871), 1789–1790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, M., Atkinson, K. R., & Baughman, R. H. (2004). Multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns by downsizing an ancient technology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1358–1361.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gorelli, F. A., Bryk, T., Krisch, M., Ruocco, G., Santoro, M., & Scopigno, T. (2013). Dynamics and Thermodynamics beyond the critical point. Scientific reports, 3, 1203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaut Roth, C., & Faulkner, W. H., Jr. (2013). Review Questions for MRI. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Droste-Franke, B. (2015). Improving Energy Decisions: Towards Better Scientific Policy Advice for a Safe and Secure Future Energy System. (M. Carrier, M. Kaiser, M. Schreurs, C. Weber, & T. Ziesemer, Eds.) (Vol. 42). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Haberl, W., Herrmannsdoerfer, M., Kugele, S., Tautschnig, M., & Wechs, M. (2010). Seamless Model-Driven Development Put into Practice. In T. Margaria & B. Steffen (Eds.), Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification, and Validation: 4th International Symposium on Leveraging Applications, ISoLA 2010, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, October 18-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 18–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 18). Which Is Most Valuable: Gold, Cocaine Or Rhino Horn? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). English Language Learning: Diverse Federal and State Efforts to Support Adult English Language Learning Could Benefit from More Coordination (No. GAO-09-575). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jiang, W. (2010). Advanced techniques for semantic concept detection in general videos (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, February 8). Skipping School and Work? They Just Felt Blue. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macfarlane 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Macfarlane 2011; Makeyev and Maniatis 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makeyev and Maniatis 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gorelli et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
AbbreviationInt. J. Ment. Health Addict.
ISSN (print)1557-1874
ISSN (online)1557-1882
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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