How to format your references using the Current Problems in Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Problems in Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Thamdrup B. Geochemistry. New players in an ancient cycle. Science. 2007;317(5844):1508-1509.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Reyes CL, Chang G. Structure of the ABC transporter MsbA in complex with ADP.vanadate and lipopolysaccharide. Science. 2005;308(5724):1028-1031.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gorzelak P, Głuchowski E, Salamon MA. Reassessing the improbability of a muscular crinoid stem. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6049.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Thomas PC, Veverka J, Robinson MS, Murchie S. Shoemaker crater as the source of most ejecta blocks on the asteroid 433 Eros. Nature. 2001;413(6854):394-396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Taylor CJ, Young PC, Chotai A. True Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Saeed K, Chaki R, Cortesi A, Wierzchoń S, eds. Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 12th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2013, Krakow, Poland, September 25-27, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 8104. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Reynolds HR, Craig RG. Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease and Periodontal Disease. In: Craig RG, Kamer AR, eds. A Clinician’s Guide to Systemic Effects of Periodontal Diseases. Springer; 2016:39-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Problems in Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Ford Develops Smart Headlights To Make Driving At Night Safer. IFLScience. Published August 4, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/ford-developing-smart-headlights-make-driving-night-safer/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Family Education Loan Information System: Weak Computer Controls Increase Risk of Unauthorized Access to Sensitive Data. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kim S. Characterization of Ribosomal S6 Protein Phosphorylation and Posssible Control of Ribosome Biogenesis in Arabidopsis Cell Culture. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Ruling Seen as Giving an Edge to Challengers of Patents. New York Times. January 10, 2007:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Problems in Cardiology
AbbreviationCurr. Probl. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0146-2806
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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