How to format your references using the Trends in Neuroscience and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Neuroscience and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Verduzco, Actuating materials. Shape-shifting liquid crystals, Science. 347 (2015) 949–950.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.R. Maund, S.J. Smartt, The disappearance of the progenitors of supernovae 1993J and 2003gd, Science. 324 (2009) 486–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Xu, Y. Shi, S. Ding, A chemical approach to stem-cell biology and regenerative medicine, Nature. 453 (2008) 338–344.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Afyon, F. Krumeich, C. Mensing, A. Borgschulte, R. Nesper, New high capacity cathode materials for rechargeable Li-ion batteries: vanadate-borate glasses, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Saguet, Numerical Analysis in Electromagnetics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
G. Perrone, M. Bruccoleri, P. Renna, eds., Designing and Evaluating Value Added Services in Manufacturing E-Market Places, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Ren, S.S. Ge, C. Chen, C.-H. Fua, T.H. Lee, Altitude Control of Helicopters with Unknown Dynamics, in: S.S. Ge, C. Chen, C.-H. Fua, T.H. Lee (Eds.), Modeling, Control and Coordination of Helicopter Systems, Springer, New York, NY, 2012: pp. 59–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Neuroscience and Education.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Coldest Temperature In The Universe Created In American Laboratory, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Trust Fund: DOT Has Opportunities to Improve Tracking and Reporting of Highway Spending, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.D. Chamberlain, Policy and Behavior: Essays in Applied Microeconomics, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Wilson, A Violent Encounter in Little Italy, and a ‘Tough Guy’ Winds Up on the Lam, New York Times. (2017) A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Neuroscience and Education
AbbreviationTrends Neurosci. Educ.
ISSN (print)2211-9493
ScopeNeuroscience (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience

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