How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. Scientists vs engineers: this time it’s financial. Nature 2010;467:885.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Butko VY, Adams PW. Quantum metallicity in a two-dimensional insulator. Nature 2001;409:161–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Unal E, Heidinger-Pauli JM, Koshland D. DNA double-strand breaks trigger genome-wide sister-chromatid cohesion through Eco1 (Ctf7). Science 2007;317:245–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dussutour A, Fourcassié V, Helbing D, Deneubourg J-L. Optimal traffic organization in ants under crowded conditions. Nature 2004;428:70–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gostick A, Elton C. Führen mit Möhren. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Landau DP, Lewis SP, Schütler H-B, editors. Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed-Matter Physics XVI. vol. 103. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gkoulalas-Divanis A, Loukides G. Case Study on Electronic Medical Records Data. In: Loukides G, editor. Anonymization of Electronic Medical Records to Support Clinical Analysis, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanical Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Why Sugar Is So Much Worse For Teenagers’ Brains. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/why-sugar-is-so-much-worse-for-teenagers-brains/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security Information Sharing: Stakeholder Satisfaction Varies; TSA Could Take Additional Actions to Strengthen Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Weisko P. Wading Tiger Swimming Dragon: A Study on Comparative Indo-Sino Naval Development. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. A Martyr So Sure of Herself. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Sci.
ISSN (print)0020-7403
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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