How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Atchley WR. Retrospective. Walter M. Fitch (1929-2011). Science 2011;332:804.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Liu SQ, Cull-Candy SG. Synaptic activity at calcium-permeable AMPA receptors induces a switch in receptor subtype. Nature 2000;405:454–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Olveczky BP, Baccus SA, Meister M. Segregation of object and background motion in the retina. Nature 2003;423:401–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Aleman A, F de Haan EH, Castner SA, Williams GV, Goldman-Rakic PS. Antipsychotics and working memory in schizophrenia. Science 2000;289:56b–8b.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Basset P, Blokhina E, Galayko D. Electrostatic Kinetic Energy Harvesting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Chau M, Wang GA, Zheng X, Chen H, Zeng D, Mao W, editors. Intelligence and Security Informatics: Pacific Asia Workshop, PAISI 2011, Beijing, China, July 9, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 6749. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
LeoGrande WM. The End of the Bogeyman: The Political Repercussions of the US-Cuban Rapprochement. In: Hershberg E, LeoGrande WM, editors. A New Chapter in US-Cuba Relations: Social, Political, and Economic Implications, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanical Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti C. Watch How These Amazing Fish Escape Predators. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-how-these-amazing-fish-escape-predators/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Assessment Technical Quality. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gramajo GG. Guidance control of small UAV with energy and maneuverability limitations for a search and coverage mission. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times 2011:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Sci.
ISSN (print)0020-7403
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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