How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ferry G. Scientific heritage: Science today, history tomorrow. Nature 2013;493:19–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rhee HS, Pugh BF. Genome-wide structure and organization of eukaryotic pre-initiation complexes. Nature 2012;483:295–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Makino DL, Baumgärtner M, Conti E. Crystal structure of an RNA-bound 11-subunit eukaryotic exosome complex. Nature 2013;495:70–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ramanathan V, Ramana MV, Roberts G, Kim D, Corrigan C, Chung C, et al. Warming trends in Asia amplified by brown cloud solar absorption. Nature 2007;448:575–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Halpin DW, Senior BA. Financial Management and Accounting Fundamentals for Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Boeyens JCA, Comba P, editors. Electronic Structure and Number Theory: Bohr’s Boldest Dream. vol. 148. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Good R. Why the Study of Pseudoscience Should Be Included in Nature of Science Studies. In: Khine MS, editor. Advances in Nature of Science Research: Concepts and Methodologies, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 97–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanical Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. California Just Signed A New Climate Change Agreement With China. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/california-signed-climate-change-agreement-china/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. VA Student Financial Aid: Potential Effect of Providing Education Tax Benefit Eligibility to Students Receiving VA Assistance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Peng E. Teaching and Coaching Brazilian Jiujitsu: An Instructional Manual. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rothenberg B, Clarey C. Tennis; Ex-Champion del Potro Gets Wild Card for U.S. Open. New York Times 2016:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Sci.
ISSN (print)0020-7403
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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