How to format your references using the Current Climate Change Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Climate Change Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Holmes D. The problem with platinum. Nature. 2015;527:S218-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Marmorstein R, Simon MC. Structural biology: Hypoxia response becomes crystal clear. Nature. 2015;524:298–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang C, Yang Y-P, Duan Y-W. Pollen sensitivity to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) suggests floral structure evolution in alpine plants. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4520.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yang X, Xue B, Zhang J, Zhu S. A universal quantum information processor for scalable quantum communication and networks. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6629.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Held T. In-situ-Verfahren zur Boden- und Grundwassersanierung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2014.
An edited book
1. Terlaky T, Curtis FE, editors. Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: Selected Contributions from the MOPTA 2010 Conference. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li F, Klette R. Partitioning a Polygon or the Plane. In: Klette R, editor. Euclidean Shortest Paths: Exact or Approximate Algorithms. London: Springer; 2011. p. 127–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Climate Change Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Is Iron Rain The Reason Why Earth And The Moon Are So Different? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Draft Emergency Supplemental Funding Request for District of Columbia Public Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 May. Report No.: HEHS-97-116R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Day C. Medication-assisted treatment: Education for those who assist in the treatment of substance use disorders curriculum development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. When Hill Country Feels Too Much Like Shreveport. New York Times. 2013 Aug 25;A23B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Climate Change Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Clim. Change Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6061

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