How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zamir, D. (2014). Botany. A wake-up call with coffee. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6201), 1124.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiers, E. T., & West, S. A. (2015). Evolutionary biology. Evolving new organisms via symbiosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6233), 392–394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S. T., Kim, S. K., & Kim, M. S. (2002). Observation of conformation-specific pathways in the photodissociation of 1-iodopropane ions. Nature, 415(6869), 306–308.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rüegg, C., Cavadini, N., Furrer, A., Güdel, H.-U., Krämer, K., Mutka, H., et al. (2003). Bose-Einstein condensation of the triplet states in the magnetic insulator TlCuCl3. Nature, 423(6935), 62–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche, T. (2016). Digital Electronics 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wolff, B., Gaudel, M.-C., & Feliachi, A. (Eds.). (2013). Unifying Theories of Programming: 4th International Symposium, UTP 2012, Paris, France, August 27-28, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7681). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin Laming, J., & Hwang, U. (2005). How Did Cassiopeia A Explode? A Chandra VLP. In G. A. Kyrala (Ed.), High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics (pp. 33–37). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 8). Two Colossal Blobs Of Molten Rock Are Hiding Under Africa And The Pacific Ocean. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). To Date, DISH Network Is Cooperating with the Court-Appointed Special Master’s Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License (No. GAO-12-496R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, K. C. (2013). Teacher and parent perceptions of classroom experiences of African American male students in a high school alternative program (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Delreal, J. A., & Bromwich, J. E. (2017, October 2). Suspect, an Unmoored Retiree, Kept Quiet and Gambled Often. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zamir 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kiers and West 2015; Zamir 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiers and West 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rüegg et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Eng.
ISSN (print)1823-0334
ISSN (online)2198-2791
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles