How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Recupero, D. R. (2013). Computer science. Toward a green Internet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6127), 1533–1534.
A journal article with 2 authors
DiNardo, S., & Braun, R. E. (2007). Developmental biology. Home for the precious few. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5845), 1696–1697.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santamaría, L., Diaz, M., & Valladares, F. (2013). Science in Europe. Dark clouds over Spanish science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6138), 1292.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, T., Lin, Y., Shang, Y., He, L., Huang, C., Szabunio, M., & Yu, G. (2013). Simultaneous measurement of deep tissue blood flow and oxygenation using noncontact diffuse correlation spectroscopy flow-oximeter. Scientific reports, 3, 1358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dijksterhuis, G. B. (2008). Multivariate Data Analysis in Sensory and Consumer Science. Trumbull, Connecticut, USA: Food & Nutrition Press, Inc.
An edited book
Gilchrist, M. D. (Ed.). (2005). IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications (Vol. 124). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kanne, J. P. (2013). The Role of Thoracic Imaging in the Diagnosis of BOS and Related Disorders. In K. C. Meyer & A. R. Glanville (Eds.), Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome in Lung Transplantation (pp. 59–70). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 1). The True Price of Shark Fin Soup. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2008 Expenditure Plan (No. GAO-08-420). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, B. G. (2010). Mercury-containing species and carbon dioxide adsorption studies on inorganic compounds using density functional theory (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, O. (1975, December 14). The Nation; What the Rosenberg Papers Show The Surprise Final Witness. New York Times, p. The Week In ReviewE4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Recupero 2013).
This sentence cites two references (DiNardo and Braun 2007; Recupero 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DiNardo and Braun 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Eng.
ISSN (print)1823-0334
ISSN (online)2198-2791
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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