How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shlesinger, M. F. (2001). Physics in the noise. Nature, 411(6838), 641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Louf, R., & Barthelemy, M. (2014). How congestion shapes cities: from mobility patterns to scaling. Scientific reports, 4, 5561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roselló-Díez, A., Ros, M. A., & Torres, M. (2011). Diffusible signals, not autonomous mechanisms, determine the main proximodistal limb subdivision. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6033), 1086–1088.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lartigue, C., Glass, J. I., Alperovich, N., Pieper, R., Parmar, P. P., Hutchison, C. A., 3rd, et al. (2007). Genome transplantation in bacteria: changing one species to another. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 632–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferguson, N., Schneier, B., & Kohno, T. (2015). Cryptography Engineering. Indianapolis, Indiana: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Kroll, N., Hirsch, C., Bassi, F., Johnston, C., & Hillewaert, K. (Eds.). (2015). IDIHOM: Industrialization of High-Order Methods - A Top-Down Approach: Results of a Collaborative Research Project Funded by the European Union, 2010 - 2014 (Vol. 128). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ashyralyev, A., & Çekiç, F. (2016). On Source Identification Problem for Telegraph Differential Equations. In S. Pinelas, Z. Došlá, O. Došlý, & P. E. Kloeden (Eds.), Differential and Difference Equations with Applications: ICDDEA, Amadora, Portugal, May 2015, Selected Contributions (pp. 39–50). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 25). Watch The ISS Fly Over Spectacular Aurora. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Proprietary Schools: Stronger Department of Education Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Only Eligible Students Receive Federal Student Aid (No. GAO-09-600). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koyanagi, T. (2017). Design and Synthesis of Archaea-Inspired Tetraether Lipids (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G., & Kepler, A. W. (2011, October 1). So Far, Sales for New DC Comics Are Super. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shlesinger 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Louf and Barthelemy 2014; Shlesinger 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Louf and Barthelemy 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lartigue et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Eng.
ISSN (print)1823-0334
ISSN (online)2198-2791
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles