How to format your references using the International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke, R., Jr. (2007). Who has the ear of the president? Nature, 450(7168), 347–348.
A journal article with 2 authors
Riordan, O., & Warnke, L. (2011). Explosive percolation is continuous. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6040), 322–324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coyte, K. Z., Schluter, J., & Foster, K. R. (2015). The ecology of the microbiome: Networks, competition, and stability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6261), 663–666.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Steklov, M., Pandolfi, S., Baietti, M. F., Batiuk, A., Carai, P., Najm, P., et al. (2018). Mutations in LZTR1 drive human disease by dysregulating RAS ubiquitination. Science (New York, N.Y.).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffman, R. V. (2004). Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liu, J., Alippi, C., Bouchon-Meunier, B., Greenwood, G. W., & Abbass, H. A. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Computational Intelligence: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2012, Brisbane, Australia, June 10-15, 2012. Plenary/Invited Lectures (Vol. 7311). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Görman, U. (2016). Time – A Dimension of Ethics. In J. Baldwin (Ed.), Embracing the Ivory Tower and Stained Glass Windows: A Festschrift in Honor of Archbishop Antje Jackelén (pp. 59–67). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, August 26). Here’s How The World’s Surface Water Has Shifted In The Last 30 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Pipeline Safety: Progress Made, but Significant Requirements and Recommendations Not Yet Complete (No. GAO-01-1075). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Humphreys, B. P. (2013). The Role of Developmental Screening Practices in Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Analysis of All-Payer Claims Data in New Hampshire (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, S. M. (2016, January 3). Sweating Out a Singles Mixer From Behind a Stall. New York Times, p. ST5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pielke 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Pielke 2007; Riordan and Warnke 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Riordan and Warnke 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Steklov et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Mech. Mater. Eng.
ISSN (print)1823-0334
ISSN (online)2198-2791
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles