How to format your references using the Evolutionary Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rezende EL (2013) Evolution. Better oxygen delivery. Science 340:1293–1294
A journal article with 2 authors
Subramanian MA, Manzer LE (2002) A “greener” synthetic route for fluoroaromatics via copper (II) fluoride. Science 297:1665
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Y, Zhang X, Cao D (2013) The role of shape complementarity in the protein-protein interactions. Sci Rep 3:3271
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kubo T, Ohtani E, Kondo T, et al (2002) Metastable garnet in oceanic crust at the top of the lower mantle. Nature 420:803–806

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forsberg K, Mansdorf SZ (2005) Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Liao H, Linte CA, Masamune K, et al (eds) (2013) Augmented Reality Environments for Medical Imaging and Computer-Assisted Interventions: 6th International Workshop, MIAR 2013 and 8th International Workshop, AE-CAI 2013, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2013, Nagoya, Japan, September 22, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jaskuła B, Szkoła J, Pancerz K (2014) SOM Based Segmentation of Visual Stimuli in Diagnosis and Therapy of Neuropsychological Disorders. In: Gruca DA, Czachórski T, Kozielski S (eds) Man-Machine Interactions 3. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Disease Evolution: How New Illnesses Emerge When We Change How We Live. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Trainer Aircraft: Plans to Replace the Existing Fleet. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock C (2012) Design science research toward designing/prototyping a repeatable model for testing location management (LM) algorithms for wireless networking. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen T (2015) Stuck in Line? Think of What You Stand to Gain. New York Times BU3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rezende 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Subramanian and Manzer 2002; Rezende 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Subramanian and Manzer 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kubo et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Ecology
AbbreviationEvol. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0269-7653
ISSN (online)1573-8477
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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