How to format your references using the Evolutionary Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA (2000) ARCHAELOGY: A Victim of the Black Sea Flood Found. Science 289:2021a–2a
A journal article with 2 authors
Stark CP, Stieglitz M (2000) Hydrology. The sting in a fractal tail. Nature 403:493, 495
A journal article with 3 authors
Kavanagh KD, Evans AR, Jernvall J (2007) Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development. Nature 449:427–432
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Patolsky F, Timko BP, Yu G, et al (2006) Detection, stimulation, and inhibition of neuronal signals with high-density nanowire transistor arrays. Science 313:1100–1104

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisgaard S, Kulahci M (2011) Time Series Analysis and Forecasting by Example: Bisgaard/Time Series by Example. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kamalakannan C, Suresh LP, Dash SS, Panigrahi BK (eds) (2015) Power Electronics and Renewable Energy Systems: Proceedings of ICPERES 2014. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Gate L, Tew KD (2011) Alkylating Agents. In: Minev BR (ed) Cancer Management in Man: Chemotherapy, Biological Therapy, Hyperthermia and Supporting Measures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 61–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How The Brain Reads Music: The Evidence For Musical Dyslexia. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology Reform: Progress Made but Future Cloud Computing Efforts Should be Better Planned. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Croghan A (2014) The Effects of Depressive Symptomatology, Intrusive Thinking, and Age on Cognitive Functioning. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Ponder Conditions For Automatic Deportation. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stark and Stieglitz 2000; Kerr 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stark and Stieglitz 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Patolsky et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Ecology
AbbreviationEvol. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0269-7653
ISSN (online)1573-8477
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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