How to format your references using the Evolutionary Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingstone MS (2000) Is it warm? Is it real? Or just low spatial frequency? Science 290:1299b
A journal article with 2 authors
Castaneda J, Matzuk MM (2015) DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. Toward a rapid and reversible male pill. Science 350:385–386
A journal article with 3 authors
Yumoto N, Kim N, Burden SJ (2012) Lrp4 is a retrograde signal for presynaptic differentiation at neuromuscular synapses. Nature 489:438–442
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van de Wal RSW, Boot W, van den Broeke MR, et al (2008) Large and rapid melt-induced velocity changes in the ablation zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Science 321:111–113

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cahill TH (2012) Low Impact Development and Sustainable Stormwater Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Xing H (2011) M8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ricci G (2011) Sul Reticolo Dei Punti Aventi Per Coordinate I Numeri Peimi. In: Ricci G (ed) Teoria dei numeri. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 89–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Ecology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) CT Scan Reveals Hernia In Korean Mummy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Health Information Technology: HHS Should Assess the Effectiveness of Its Efforts to Enhance Patient Access to and Use of Electronic Health Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark BM (2013) Faculty Perceptions of the Importance of Internationalizing the General Education Curriculum in the Florida College System. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Dead Heat Controversy Simply Will Not Die. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livingstone 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Livingstone 2000; Castaneda and Matzuk 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Castaneda and Matzuk 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (van de Wal et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Ecology
AbbreviationEvol. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0269-7653
ISSN (online)1573-8477
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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