How to format your references using the Evolutionary Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wagner PJ (2015) EVOLUTION. One era you are in—the next you are out. Science 350:736–737
A journal article with 2 authors
Hor H, Tafti M (2009) Physiology. How much sleep do we need? Science 325:825–826
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley AI, Lang AS, Suttle CA (2003) High diversity of unknown picorna-like viruses in the sea. Nature 424:1054–1057
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Brasier MD, Green OR, Jephcoat AP, et al (2002) Questioning the evidence for Earth’s oldest fossils. Nature 416:76–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belsey C (2011) A Future for Criticism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Mathew J, Shafik RA, Pradhan DK (eds) (2014) Energy-Efficient Fault-Tolerant Systems. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Chanak P, Banerjee I (2014) Path Discovery for Sinks Mobility in Obstacle Resisting WSNs. In: Kumar Kundu M, Mohapatra DP, Konar A, Chakraborty A (eds) Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics- Volume 2: Wireless Networks and Security Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics (ICACNI-2014). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Ecology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Something Just Put A Dent In One Of Saturn’s Rings. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Space Data: Information on Data Storage Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallegos CM (2009) Shelter services for homeless older adults: A grant writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Winerip M, Schwirtz M (2015) Even as Many Eyes Watch, Brutality at Rikers Persists. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wagner 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hor and Tafti 2009; Wagner 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hor and Tafti 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Brasier et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Ecology
AbbreviationEvol. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0269-7653
ISSN (online)1573-8477
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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