How to format your references using the Evolutionary Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsukamoto K (2006) Oceanic biology: spawning of eels near a seamount. Nature 439:929
A journal article with 2 authors
Eldar A, Elowitz MB (2010) Functional roles for noise in genetic circuits. Nature 467:167–173
A journal article with 3 authors
Tschöp M, Smiley DL, Heiman ML (2000) Ghrelin induces adiposity in rodents. Nature 407:908–913
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Peckys DB, Baudoin J-P, Eder M, et al (2013) Epidermal growth factor receptor subunit locations determined in hydrated cells with environmental scanning electron microscopy. Sci Rep 3:2626

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigg NS (2010) Infrastructure Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Liu S, Duan Z (eds) (2016) Structured Object-Oriented Formal Language and Method: 5th International Workshop, SOFL+MSVL 2015, Paris, France, November 6, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Boulding JR (2016) Women’s Movements for Social Change: Social Feminism and Equity Feminism (1994). In: Boulding JR (ed) Elise Boulding: Writings on Feminism, the Family and Quakerism. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 41–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Ecology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Unexpected Reptilian Survivor of Dinosaurs’ Destruction. In: IFLScience.’-destruction/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Biotechnology: Agriculture’s Regulatory System Needs Clarification. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Siani JM (2009) Costs and benefits of cooperative infant care in wild golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Table Tennis Beside a Bank, and Other Contests Intended to ‘Reclaim’ Midtown. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tsukamoto 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Tsukamoto 2006; Eldar and Elowitz 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eldar and Elowitz 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Peckys et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Ecology
AbbreviationEvol. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0269-7653
ISSN (online)1573-8477
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles