How to format your references using the Special Care in Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Special Care in Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Mental barriers. Nature. 2004 Jun 17;429(6993):785.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geschwind DH, Konopka G. Neuroscience in the era of functional genomics and systems biology. Nature. 2009 Oct 15;461(7266):908–15.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stevens RC, Yokoyama S, Wilson IA. Global efforts in structural genomics. Science. 2001 Oct 5;294(5540):89–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Arvanitidis J, Papagelis K, Margadonna S, Prassides K, Fitch AN. Temperature-induced valence transition and associated lattice collapse in samarium fulleride. Nature. 2003 Oct 9;425(6958):599–602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donald H, Robert D. G. Longitudinal Data Analysis: Hedeker/Longitudinal. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006. (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics).
An edited book
Bisognano JD, Beck R, Connell R, editors. Manual of Outpatient Cardiology. London: Springer; 2012. XIII, 505p. 106 illus., 59 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Jansen C, Noll T. Generating Abstract Graph-Based Procedure Summaries for Pointer Programs. In: Giese H, König B, editors. Graph Transformation: 7th International Conference, ICGT 2014, Held as Part of STAF 2014, York, UK, July 22-24, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 49–64. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Kobsa A, Mattern F, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Special Care in Dentistry.

Blog post
Hale T. Scientists Have Discovered A Supermassive Black Hole By Chance [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Procedures and Policies of the Energy Research and Development Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Dec. Report No.: B-187621.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung Y-K. A comparison of particle swarm optimization algorithms in data clustering [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. When Radiation Isn’t the Risk. New York Times. 2015 Sep 22;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpecial Care in Dentistry
AbbreviationSpec. Care Dentist.
ISSN (print)0275-1879
ISSN (online)1754-4505
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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