How to format your references using the Special Care in Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Special Care in Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dobson CM. Getting out of shape. Nature. 2002 Aug 15;418(6899):729–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fujiwara M, Caswell H. Demography of the endangered North Atlantic right whale. Nature. 2001 Nov 29;414(6863):537–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Maisel SB, Höfler M, Müller S. A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures. Nature. 2012 Nov 29;491(7426):740–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gao X, Zhang H, Zhuang W, Yuan G, Sun T, Jiang X, et al. PEDF and PEDF-derived peptide 44mer protect cardiomyocytes against hypoxia-induced apoptosis and necroptosis via anti-oxidative effect. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 11;4:5637.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Le Menn M. Instrumentation and Metrology in Oceanography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Sorokin A, Murphey R, Thai MT, Pardalos PM, editors. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundations. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. XII, 376 p. (Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; vol. 20).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stegelin D, Cecconi L. Kindergarten Environments in Reggio Emilia, Bologna, Modena, and Parma, Italy In Search of Quality. In: Clark Wortham S, editor. Common Characteristics and Unique Qualities in Preschool Programs: Global Perspectives in Early Childhood Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 47–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Special Care in Dentistry.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. This 2-Year-Old Has A Maniacal Solution To The Trolley Problem [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/this-2yearold-has-a-maniacal-solution-to-the-trolley-problem/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. FirstNet: Efforts to Establish the Public-Safety Broadband Network. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Jul. Report No.: GAO-17-702T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Clark DK. Professional values: A study of education and experience in nursing students and nurses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
St. John Kelly E. Implants Are Giving New Voices To Patients. New York Times. 1998 Aug 11;F7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpecial Care in Dentistry
AbbreviationSpec. Care Dentist.
ISSN (print)0275-1879
ISSN (online)1754-4505
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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