How to format your references using the Special Care in Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Special Care in Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Römling U. Microbiology: bacterial communities as capitalist economies. Nature. 2013 May 16;497(7449):321–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yea SS, Fruman DA. Cell signaling. New mTOR targets Grb attention. Science. 2011 Jun 10;332(6035):1270–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Long SB, Campbell EB, Mackinnon R. Crystal structure of a mammalian voltage-dependent Shaker family K+ channel. Science. 2005 Aug 5;309(5736):897–903.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Berger PJ, Skuza EM, Brodecky V, Wilkinson MH. Physiology: the ventilatory response to hypoxia. Nature. 2002 Oct 17;419(6908):686; discussion 686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hammes GG. Spectroscopy for the Biological Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Poesio M, Stuckardt R, Versley Y, editors. Anaphora Resolution: Algorithms, Resources, and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. X, 508 p. 30 illus., 4 illus. in color. (Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing).
A chapter in an edited book
Barletti L, Demeio L, Frosali G. Multiband quantum transport models for semiconductor devices. In: Cercignani C, Gabetta E, editors. Transport Phenomena and Kinetic Theory: Applications to Gases, Semiconductors, Photons, and Biological Systems. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2007. p. 55–89. (Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Special Care in Dentistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Cancer Treatment Causes Cells To Explode [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: State Immunity in Infringement Actions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Sep. Report No.: GAO-01-811.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hitchings JD. Teachers’ perceptions of evidence-based decision making: A case study of three schools in British Columbia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A. Doctor Who Worked on Rivers Steps Down From Post at Medical Clinic. New York Times. 2014 Sep 13;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpecial Care in Dentistry
AbbreviationSpec. Care Dentist.
ISSN (print)0275-1879
ISSN (online)1754-4505
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles