How to format your references using the Special Care in Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Special Care in Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pillarisetty R. Academic and industry research progress in germanium nanodevices. Nature. 2011 Nov 16;479(7373):324–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chittka L, Peng F. Neuroscience. Caffeine boosts bees’ memories. Science. 2013 Mar 8;339(6124):1157–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marangon DG, Vallone G, Villoresi P. Random bits, true and unbiased, from atmospheric turbulence. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 30;4:5490.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alsayed AM, Islam MF, Zhang J, Collings PJ, Yodh AG. Premelting at defects within bulk colloidal crystals. Science. 2005 Aug 19;309(5738):1207–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Linder B. Thermodynamics and Introductory Statistical Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Chaudhary DP, Kumar S, Langyan S, editors. Maize: Nutrition Dynamics and Novel Uses. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014. X, 161 p. 27 illus., 17 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Lloyd RV, Scheithauer BW, Horvath E, Kovacs K. Tumors of the Pituitary Gland. In: Khan A, editor. Surgical Pathology of Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Tumors. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009. p. 27–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Special Care in Dentistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. This Is What Viper Venom Does To Blood [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Use of Office and Administration Space at DOD Installations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Jun. Report No.: 092739.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza E. Understanding help-seeking behavior among at-risk Latino male high school students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Winning Recruits. New York Times. 2010 Sep 23;E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpecial Care in Dentistry
AbbreviationSpec. Care Dentist.
ISSN (print)0275-1879
ISSN (online)1754-4505
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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