How to format your references using the Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cui W. Astronomy. Very energetic gamma rays from microblazars. Science. 2005;309:714–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Martin GM, Oshima J. Lessons from human progeroid syndromes. Nature. 2000;408:263–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Blaha G, Stanley RE, Steitz TA. Formation of the first peptide bond: the structure of EF-P bound to the 70S ribosome. Science. 2009;325:966–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Song B, Liu H, Liu Z, Xiao P, Lai MO, Lu L. High rate capability caused by surface cubic spinels in Li-rich layer-structured cathodes for Li-ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3094.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Anaya-Lara O, Campos-Gaona D, Moreno-Goytia E, Adam G. Offshore Wind Energy Generation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Dutta S, Meyer AD, Jain A, Richter G, editors. The Information Society in an Enlarged Europe. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Senani R, Bhaskar DR, Singh AK, Singh VK. Design of Filters Using CFOAs. In: Bhaskar DR, Singh AK, Singh VK, editors. Current Feedback Operational Amplifiers and Their Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 81–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. What Actually Causes A Supervolcanic Eruption? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/what-actually-causes-supervolcanic-eruption/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Procurement: Planning for Pilot Test of New Procurement Procedures Is Adequate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Nov. Report No.: NSIAD-94-67.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Verderame N. An educational curriculum for registered dietitians to educate obese patients on the nutrition approach for stress management [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly L. This great man George Sand; Infamous Woman. New York Times. 1977 Mar 27;International Economic Survey272.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs
AbbreviationDrugs
ISSN (print)0012-6667
ISSN (online)1179-1950
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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