How to format your references using the International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Haxton W. Neutrino physics: What makes the Sun shine. Nature. 2014;512:378–380.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Alexander T, Natarajan P. Rapid growth of seed black holes in the early universe by supra-exponential accretion. Science. 2014;345:1330–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ward AB, Sali A, Wilson IA. Biochemistry. Integrative structural biology. Science. 2013;339:913–915.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Tang R-H, Han S, Zheng H, et al. Coupling diurnal cytosolic Ca2+ oscillations to the CAS-IP3 pathway in Arabidopsis. Science. 2007;315:1423–1426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Remy J-G, Letamendia C. LTE Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Sommers LS, Launer J, editors. Clinical Uncertainty in Primary Care: The Challenge of Collaborative Engagement. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Umezawa T, Ragamustari SK, Ono E, et al. O-Methyltransferases Involved in Lignan Biosynthesis. In: Jetter R, editor. The Formation, Structure and Activity of Phytochemicals. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 99–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. These Gorgeous Videos Filmed Through A Microscope Will Blow Your Mind [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/these-gorgeous-videos-filmed-through-a-microscope-will-blow-your-mind/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Progress Continues to Be Made in Establishing Corporate Management Controls, but Further Steps Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007. Report No.: GAO-07-733. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zhuang S. Enhancing Implicit Finite Element Sheet Forming Simulation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Memo; A Contest of 2 Generations, Molded by 2 Different Wars. New York Times. 1992 Aug 30;11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Math. Educ. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0020-739X
ISSN (online)1464-5211
ScopeMathematics (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics
Education

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