How to format your references using the International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kerbel RS. Antiangiogenic therapy: a universal chemosensitization strategy for cancer? Science. 2006;312:1171–1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bray PS, Anderson KB. Identification of Carboniferous (320 million years old) class Ic amber. Science. 2009;326:132–134.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Helbing D, Farkas I, Vicsek T. Simulating dynamical features of escape panic. Nature. 2000;407:487–490.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Condon MA, Scheffer SJ, Lewis ML, et al. Hidden neotropical diversity: greater than the sum of its parts. Science. 2008;320:928–931.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hogan K. The Secret Language of Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Schmidt-Hertha B, Krašovec SJ, Formosa M, editors. Learning across Generations in Europe: Contemporary Issues in Older Adult Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gunnarsson L, Kristiansson E, Larsson DGJ. Environmental Comparative Pharmacology: Theory and Application. In: Brooks BW, Huggett DB, editors. Human Pharmaceuticals in the Environment: Current and Future Perspectives. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 85–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Scientists Finally Understand The 100-Year-Old Mystery Of This Sea Blob [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-finally-understand-the-100yearold-mystery-of-this-sea-blob/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: An Assessment Guide--Exposure Draft (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.14). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997. Report No.: 158206. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Isaacson MJ. The paradox of respect and risk: Six Lakota adolescents speak [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Court Rejects Interpretation Of Immigration Drug Law. New York Times. 2006 Dec 6;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Math. Educ. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0020-739X
ISSN (online)1464-5211
ScopeMathematics (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics
Education

Other styles