How to format your references using the International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen PA. From landscapes into geological history. Nature. 2008;451:274–276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis BE, Miles GP. Plant biology. One for all? Science. 2001;292:2022–2023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng M, Zhao J, Petek H. Atomlike, hollow-core-bound molecular orbitals of C60. Science. 2008;320:359–362.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morgan V, Delmotte M, van Ommen T, et al. Relative timing of deglacial climate events in Antarctica and Greenland. Science. 2002;297:1862–1864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nations S. The Complete Book of Option Spreads and Combinations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Fonseca RJ, Weber G-W, Telhada J, editors. Computational Management Science: State of the Art 2014. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Im S, Chang Y-G, Kim J. PECCS Measurements in Nanostructure FETs. In: Chang Y-G, Kim JH, editors. Photo-Excited Charge Collection Spectroscopy: Probing the traps in field-effect transistors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 83–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. For Cockeyed Squid, Survival Depends On Mismatched Eyes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990. Report No.: T-IMTEC-90-6. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham HH. Leadership as co-influencing: A heuristic narrative study of dynamic co-emergence within the leadership relationship [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schulman M. Julie Klausner Meets a Cult-Movie Legend. New York Times. 2017 Jul 28;ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Math. Educ. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0020-739X
ISSN (online)1464-5211
ScopeMathematics (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

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