How to format your references using the International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain E. Science careers. Playing well with industry. Science. 2008;319:1548–1551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyons JR, Young ED. CO self-shielding as the origin of oxygen isotope anomalies in the early solar nebula. Nature. 2005;435:317–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simpson AGB, MacQuarrie EK, Roger AJ. Eukaryotic evolution: early origin of canonical introns. Nature. 2002;419:270.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deslys JP, Comoy E, Hawkins S, et al. Screening slaughtered cattle for BSE. Nature. 2001;409:476–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene EA. Electronic Materials Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Schulte AK, Walker-Gibbs B, editors. Self-studies in Rural Teacher Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmahl WW, Kocsis B, Toncala A, et al. Mineralogic Characterisation of Archaeological Bone. In: Grupe G, McGlynn GC, editors. Isotopic Landscapes in Bioarchaeology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 91–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Ultra-Stable Perovskite Cells Signal Dawn Of A Solar Age [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Consolidated Student Loans: Borrowers Benefit but Costs to Them and the Government Grow. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990. Report No.: HRD-90-8. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bauer SL. Work-Life Balanced Culture, Work Flexibility, and Inducements: Impact on Perceived Organizational Attractiveness and Job Pursuit Intention [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Crack Cocaine Limbo. New York Times. 2014 Jan 6;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Math. Educ. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0020-739X
ISSN (online)1464-5211
ScopeMathematics (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

Other styles