How to format your references using the International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hodges, K. V. 2012. “IBI Series Winner. Solving Complex Problems.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6111): 1164–1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klironomos, J. N., and M. M. Hart. 2001. “Food-Web Dynamics. Animal Nitrogen Swap for Plant Carbon.” Nature 410 (6829): 651–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daviter, Tina, Frank V. Murphy 4th, and V. Ramakrishnan. 2005. “Molecular Biology. A Renewed Focus on Transfer RNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5725): 1123–1124.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Jie, Zhi Zeng, Hai-Qing Lin, and Yan-Ling Li. 2014. “Pressure-Induced Planar N6 Rings in Potassium Azide.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, Michael H. 2003. Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sachithanadam, Mahesh. 2016. Silica Aerogel Composites: Novel Fabrication Methods. Edited by Sunil Chandrakant Joshi. Engineering Materials. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Simsek, Murat, and Neslihan Serap Sengor. 2013. “The Efficiency of Difference Mapping in Space Mapping-Based Optimization.” In Surrogate-Based Modeling and Optimization: Applications in Engineering, edited by Slawomir Koziel and Leifur Leifsson, 99–120. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Why This Researcher Hunted For Scientists With Chests Narrower Than 18 Centimeters.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. School-Age Children: Poverty and Diversity Challenge Schools Nationwide. T-HEHS-94-125. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephens, April H. 2012. “William Harold Fletcher (b. 1923): His Life and Career in Music Education at Oklahoma Christian University, 1950–2012.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Mets’ Slide Drags On As a Lead Vanishes.” New York Times, May 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hodges 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hodges 2012; Klironomos and Hart 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klironomos and Hart 2001)
  • Three authors: (Daviter, Murphy, and Ramakrishnan 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Logistics Research and Applications
AbbreviationInt. J. Logist.
ISSN (print)1367-5567
ISSN (online)1469-848X
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Computer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Control and Systems Engineering

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