How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelder C. 2013. Communication: Positive energy. Nature. 498(7454):293–95
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsuji K, Tsutani K. 2008. Follow the leader. Nature. 453(7197):851–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Averill C, Turner BL, Finzi AC. 2014. Mycorrhiza-mediated competition between plants and decomposers drives soil carbon storage. Nature. 505(7484):543–45
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhao Y, Lu H, Yan A, Yang Y, Meng Q, et al. 2013. ABCC3 as a marker for multidrug resistance in non-small cell lung cancer. Sci. Rep. 3:3120

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hinkelmann K, Kempthorne O. 2005. Design and Analysis of Experiments: Advanced Experimental Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Goffredo S, Dubinsky Z, eds. 2016. The Cnidaria, Past, Present and Future: The world of Medusa and her sisters. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XX, 855 p. 288 illus., 182 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Atluri V, Shin H. 2007. Efficient Security Policy Enforcement in a Location Based Service Environment. In Data and Applications Security XXI: 21st Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Redondo Beach, CA, USA, July 8-11, 2007. Proceedings, ed S Barker, G-J Ahn, pp. 61–76. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Contact Re-Established With Bill Nye’s LightSail. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: OPM Has Made Progress on Business Continuity Planning. GGD-99-66, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tafoya A. 2010. Impact of HIV/AIDS stigma on seropositive Latinos along the United States-Mexico border. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2001. Survivors of the Winds of Change. New York Times, Sep. 2, p. 143

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4–6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nutrition
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0199-9885
ISSN (online)1545-4312
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles