How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dehaene S. 2002. Neuroscience. Single-neuron arithmetic. Science. 297(5587):1652–53
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Goes van Naters W, Carlson JR. 2006. Insects as chemosensors of humans and crops. Nature. 444(7117):302–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith CE, Llorente B, Symington LS. 2007. Template switching during break-induced replication. Nature. 447(7140):102–5
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ahn BY, Duoss EB, Motala MJ, Guo X, Park S-I, et al. 2009. Omnidirectional printing of flexible, stretchable, and spanning silver microelectrodes. Science. 323(5921):1590–93

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziska LH, Dukes JS. 2010. Weed Biology and Climate Change. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Huang F, Sugimoto A, eds. 2016. Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2015 Workshops: RV 2015, GPID 2013, VG 2015, EO4AS 2015, MCBMIIA 2015, and VSWS 2015, Auckland, New Zealand, November 23-27, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, Vol. 9555. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XXV, 370 p. 203 illus. in color pp. 1st ed. 2016 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Eguchi K, Ochiai N. 2014. Movement Disorder and Rehabilitation. In Cybernics: Fusion of human, machine and information systems, ed Y Sankai, K Suzuki, Y Hasegawa, pp. 89–98. Tokyo: Springer Japan

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nutrition.

Blog post
Hale T. 2017. Timelapse Video Shows The “Peaceful Bliss” Of Preparing Fossils For Show. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: FAA Must Act Quickly to Prevent Systems Failures. T-AIMD-98-63, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Raynor SL. 2017. A Critical Quantitative Examination of the Relationship between Constructs of Engagement and Latino College Completion. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2016. Slash. New York Times, Dec. 8, p. C15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nutrition
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0199-9885
ISSN (online)1545-4312
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles