How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paige DA. 2001. Planetary science. Global change on Mars? Science. 294(5549):2107–8
A journal article with 2 authors
Züllig S, Hengartner MO. 2004. Cell biology. Tickling macrophages, a serious business. Science. 304(5674):1123–24
A journal article with 3 authors
de Mel S, McKenzie D, Woodruff C. 2012. One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka. Science. 335(6071):962–66
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Busza A, Emery-Le M, Rosbash M, Emery P. 2004. Roles of the two Drosophila CRYPTOCHROME structural domains in circadian photoreception. Science. 304(5676):1503–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh JH, Castet J-F. 2011. Spacecraft Reliability and Multi-State Failures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Orchiston W, ed. 2005. The New Astronomy: Opening the Electromagnetic Window and Expanding Our View of Planet Earth: A Meeting to Honor Woody Sullivan on his 60th Birthday, Vol. 334. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XVI, 334 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh NK, Patel DB. 2012. Microalgae for Bioremediation of Distillery Effluent. In Farming for Food and Water Security, ed E Lichtfouse, pp. 83–109. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nutrition.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. “Cave Squeaker” Frog Found For First Time In 55 Years. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Head Start: Research Provides Little Information on Impact of Current Program. HEHS-97-59, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teater MR. 2009. Reentry and reintegration: A grant proposal for formerly incarcerated women. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. 2010. A Pop-Up Showcase. New York Times, Oct. 28, p. E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (5–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nutrition
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0199-9885
ISSN (online)1545-4312
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles