How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laursen L. 2015. Wild bees: Lone rangers. Nature. 521(7552):S62-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonnet R-M, Bleeker JAM. 2011. Astrophysics. A dark age for space astronomy? Science. 333(6039):161–62
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller K, Fedosov DA, Gompper G. 2014. Margination of micro- and nano-particles in blood flow and its effect on drug delivery. Sci. Rep. 4:4871
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xiang S, Cooper-Morgan A, Jiao X, Kiledjian M, Manley JL, Tong L. 2009. Structure and function of the 5’-->3’ exoribonuclease Rat1 and its activating partner Rai1. Nature. 458(7239):784–88

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin E. 2013. Investigative Computer Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Veeravalli B. 2006. Distributed Multimedia Retrieval Strategies for Large Scale Networked Systems, Vol. 29. Boston, MA: Springer US. XXVIII, 268 p. 92 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Naziroğlu M. 2011. TRPM2 Cation Channels and Oxidative Stress-Induced Neuronal Cell Death. In Studies on Veterinary Medicine, ed L Mandelker, P Vajdovich, pp. 61–76. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nutrition.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. Here’s Why It Feels Like You Have No Free Time, In One Chart. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to the Department of the Air Force’s Budget Request. IMTEC-90-57BR, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephenson JH. 2010. Ethics and morality in software development: A developer’s perspective. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. 2016. Two Momentous Occasions in New York History. New York Times, April 29, p. C30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nutrition
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0199-9885
ISSN (online)1545-4312
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles