How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moran MA. 2015. The global ocean microbiome. Science. 350(6266):aac8455
A journal article with 2 authors
Hadders MA, Lens SMA. 2014. Cell biology. Mind the midzone. Science. 345(6194):265–66
A journal article with 3 authors
Draghici C, Wang T, Spiegel DA. 2015. Concise total synthesis of glucosepane. Science. 350(6258):294–98
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cayuela ML, Sánchez-Monedero MA, Roig A, Hanley K, Enders A, Lehmann J. 2013. Biochar and denitrification in soils: when, how much and why does biochar reduce N₂O emissions? Sci. Rep. 3:1732

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan NH, Wong HY. 2013. Handbook of Financial Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Akasaka T, Osuka A, Fukuzumi S, Kandori H, Aso Y, eds. 2015. Chemical Science of π-Electron Systems. Tokyo: Springer Japan. XVI, 777 p. 583 illus., 215 illus. in color p. 1st ed. 2015 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaiser MJ, Snyder BF. 2012. Installation Strategies and Options. In Offshore Wind Energy Cost Modeling: Installation and Decommissioning, ed BF Snyder, pp. 69–89. London: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nutrition.

Blog post
Evans K. 2017. Architects Create Free DIY Sustainable “Indoor Garden” For Urban Living. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Ownership by Minority, Female, and Disadvantaged Firms in the Pipeline Industry. GAO-12-896R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conway AH. 2014. Signs and symptoms of moral injury in female vietnam veterans: A qualitative examination of the nvvrs. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R. 2015. A Smelly Visit to the City’s Sewer System Ends With 3 Men Under Arrest. New York Times, Aug. 14, p. A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (5–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nutrition
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0199-9885
ISSN (online)1545-4312
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles