How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gordon JI. 2012. Honor thy gut symbionts redux. Science. 336(6086):1251–53
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayes RA, Feenstra BJ. 2003. Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting. Nature. 425(6956):383–85
A journal article with 3 authors
Torre R, Bartolini P, Righini R. 2004. Structural relaxation in supercooled water by time-resolved spectroscopy. Nature. 428(6980):296–99
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang J, Zhao Y, Xu C, Hong Y, Lu H, et al. 2014. Association between serum free fatty acid levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a cross-sectional study. Sci. Rep. 4:5832

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hulin W, Jin-Ting Z. 2006. Nonparametric Regression Methods for Longitudinal Data Analysis: Mixed-Effects Modeling Approaches. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen J, Piuri V, Su C, Yung M, eds. 2016. Network and System Security: 10th International Conference, NSS 2016, Taipei, Taiwan, September 28-30, 2016, Proceedings, Vol. 9955. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XIV, 540 p. 128 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Ji J, Jin Q. 2014. Photo-Responsive Polymeric Nanocarriers for On-Demand Drug Delivery. In Intracellular Delivery II: Fundamentals and Applications, ed A Prokop, Y Iwasaki, A Harada, pp. 93–113. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. How Volkswagen Got Caught Cheating Emissions Tests By A Clean Air NGO. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. National Laboratories: Are Their R&D Activities Related to Commercial Product Development? PEMD-95-2, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farhad K. 2015. Development of a web-based educational resource on the most effective micronutrients in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, Feb. 10, p. MM18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nutrition
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0199-9885
ISSN (online)1545-4312
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles