How to format your references using the Annual Review of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamamoto Y. 2000. Semiconductor physics. Half-matter, half-light amplifier. Nature. 405(6787):629–30
A journal article with 2 authors
Mani RG, Kriisa A. 2013. Magneto-transport characteristics of a 2D electron system driven to negative magneto-conductivity by microwave photoexcitation. Sci. Rep. 3:3478
A journal article with 3 authors
James A, Pitchford JW, Plank MJ. 2013. James et al. reply. Nature. 500(7463):E2-3
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Buban JP, Matsunaga K, Chen J, Shibata N, Ching WY, et al. 2006. Grain boundary strengthening in alumina by rare earth impurities. Science. 311(5758):212–15

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crook T, Kemp PA. 2010. Transforming Private Landlords. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Barnes DJ. 2010. Introduction to Modeling for Biosciences. London: Springer. XII, 322 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Golubic S, Radtke G. 2008. The trace Rhopalia clavigera isp. n. reflects the development of its maker Eugomontia sacculata Kornmann, 1960. In Current Developments in Bioerosion, ed M Wisshak, L Tapanila, pp. 95–108. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. Why Can’t We Remember Our Early Childhood? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Household Goods Transport. GGD-92-23R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dulick KC. 2010. Self-neglect among the elderly: Knowledge and perceptions of MSW students. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. 2015. A Dispute Over a Composer’s Burial Place, and His Legacy. New York Times, Sep. 7, p. A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (5–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Nutrition
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0199-9885
ISSN (online)1545-4312
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles