How to format your references using the International Journal of Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Information Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zon, L.I.: Intrinsic and extrinsic control of haematopoietic stem-cell self-renewal. Nature. 453, 306–313 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, N.P., Pyenson, N.D.: Vertebrate evolution. Evolutionary innovation and ecology in marine tetrapods from the Triassic to the Anthropocene. Science. 348, aaa3716 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Persha, L., Agrawal, A., Chhatre, A.: Social and ecological synergy: local rulemaking, forest livelihoods, and biodiversity conservation. Science. 331, 1606–1608 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kumar, D., Sane, A., Gohil, S., Bandaru, P.R., Bhattacharya, S., Ghosh, S.: Spreading of triboelectrically charged granular matter. Sci. Rep. 4, 5275 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lombard, M.: SolidWorks® Administration Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA (2009)
An edited book
Crespo Cuaresma, J., Palokangas, T., Tarasyev, A. eds: Dynamic Systems, Economic Growth, and the Environment. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Schumann, A.H., Wang, Y., Dietrich, J.: Framing Uncertainties in Flood Forecasting with Ensembles. In: Schumann, A.H. (ed.) Flood Risk Assessment and Management: How to Specify Hydrological Loads, Their Consequences and Uncertainties. pp. 53–76. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Information Security.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Scientists Edge Closer To Universal Flu Vaccine,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Army Corps of Engineers: An Assessment of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement of the Lower Snake River Dams. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez, J.A.: Principal stress analysis of rock fracture data from the Long Beach oil field, Los Angeles basin, California, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: Students Help Track Black Squirrels, (2008)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Information Security
AbbreviationInt. J. Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1615-5262
ISSN (online)1615-5270
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles