How to format your references using the International Journal of Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Information Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamamoto, Y.: Semiconductor physics. Half-matter, half-light amplifier. Nature. 405, 629–630 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao, L.-Z., Innan, H.: Very low gene duplication rate in the yeast genome. Science. 306, 1367–1370 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Pier, H., Kapon, E., Moser, M.: Strain effects and phase transitions in photonic resonator crystals. Nature. 407, 880–883 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hur, J., Im, K., Hwang, S., Choi, B., Kim, S., Hwang, S., Park, N., Kim, K.: DNA hydrogel-based supercapacitors operating in physiological fluids. Sci. Rep. 3, 1282 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mann, S.: Microsoft® SharePoint® Server 2010 Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA (2010)
An edited book
Bray, M., Adamson, B., Mason, M. eds: Comparative Education Research: Approaches and Methods. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Chimphango, S.B.M., Belane, A., Naab, J.B., Tanzubil, P.B., Asiwe, J.A.N., Ndakidemi, P.A., van Heerden, R.P.D., Dakora, F.D.: Multi-Factor Approach to Identifying Cowpea Genotypes with Superior Symbiotic Traits and Higher Yield for Africa. In: Dakora, F.D., Chimphango, S.B.M., Valentine, A.J., Elmerich, C., and Newton, W.E. (eds.) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Towards Poverty Alleviation through Sustainable Agriculture: Proceedings of the 15th International Nitrogen Fixation Congress and the 12th International Conference of the African Association for Biological Nitrogen Fixation. pp. 23–24. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Information Security.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Healthy Mouse Pups Born From Lab Grown Eggs In World First,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Campaign Finance Reform: Experiences of Two States That Offered Full Public Funding for Political Candidates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, P.J.: A comparison of a high and low -performing school in the Soroti Catholic Diocese, Uganda, East -Africa, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Moscow Broadcast Tower Is Seen as Endangered, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Information Security
AbbreviationInt. J. Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1615-5262
ISSN (online)1615-5270
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles