How to format your references using the International Journal of Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Information Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell, N.: Britain failing to bar risky students. Nature. 420, 349 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Prlic, M., Bevan, M.J.: Immunology. An antibody paradox, resolved. Science. 311, 1875–1876 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Rockman, H.A., Koch, W.J., Lefkowitz, R.J.: Seven-transmembrane-spanning receptors and heart function. Nature. 415, 206–212 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, H.B., Jung, C.H., Lee, Y.M., Hill, A.J., Pas, S.J., Mudie, S.T., Van Wagner, E., Freeman, B.D., Cookson, D.J.: Polymers with cavities tuned for fast selective transport of small molecules and ions. Science. 318, 254–258 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derbyshire, E.: Nutrition in the Childbearing Years. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK (2011)
An edited book
Parekh, M., Poli, B., Ferrari, S., Teofili, C., Ponzin, D. eds: Aniridia: Recent Developments in Scientific and Clinical Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Teytaud, O., Gelly, S., Mary, J.: On the Ultimate Convergence Rates for Isotropic Algorithms and the Best Choices Among Various Forms of Isotropy. In: Runarsson, T.P., Beyer, H.-G., Burke, E., Merelo-Guervós, J.J., Whitley, L.D., and Yao, X. (eds.) Parallel Problem Solving from Nature - PPSN IX: 9th International Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, September 9-13, 2006, Proceedings. pp. 32–41. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Information Security.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: We Transformed Living Cells Into Tiny Lasers


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: European Aeronautics: Strong Government Presence in Industry Structure and Research and Development Support. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lama, N.: Optimized Veterinary Thermographic Image Classification using Support Vector Machines and Noise Mitigation, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Case on Police Searches Pits State Laws Against Federal, (2008)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Information Security
AbbreviationInt. J. Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1615-5262
ISSN (online)1615-5270
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles