How to format your references using the International Journal of Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Information Security (Int. J. Inf. Secur.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeebe, R.E.: Journal club. A physicist and biogeochemist gets a kick out of the problem of Brownian motion and diffusion. Nature. 466, 1025 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Queller, D.C., Strassmann, J.E.: The many selves of social insects. Science. 296, 311–313 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sokolov, S., Scheuer, T., Catterall, W.A.: Gating pore current in an inherited ion channelopathy. Nature. 446, 76–78 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harmon, L.J., Matthews, B., Des Roches, S., Chase, J.M., Shurin, J.B., Schluter, D.: Evolutionary diversification in stickleback affects ecosystem functioning. Nature. 458, 1167–1170 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thiselton, A.C.: 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Adler, D.G. ed: Advanced Pancreaticobiliary Endoscopy. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Alonso, J., Paredes, R., Rosso, P.: Empirical Evaluation of Different Feature Representations for Social Circles Detection. In: Paredes, R., Cardoso, J.S., and Pardo, X.M. (eds.) Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: 7th Iberian Conference, IbPRIA 2015, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 17-19, 2015, Proceedings. pp. 31–38. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Information Security.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Catch A Lunar Eclipse And A Comet In Friday’s Night Sky,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airline Competition: Industry Competitive and Financial Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kostenbader, T.C.: Analyzing students’ attitudes towards science during inquiry-based lessons, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, D., Kovaleski, S.F., Blinder, A., Mashal, M.: From Troubled Child to Aggrieved Killer, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Information Security
AbbreviationInt. J. Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1615-5262
ISSN (online)1615-5270
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles