How to format your references using the Palaeovertebrata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palaeovertebrata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muchhala, N. 2006. Nectar bat stows huge tongue in its rib cage. Nature, 444:701–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dangl, J. L., and J. D. Jones. 2001. Plant pathogens and integrated defence responses to infection. Nature, 411:826–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Orihara, Y., M. Kamogawa, and T. Nagao. 2014. Preseismic changes of the level and temperature of confined groundwater related to the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake. Scientific Reports, 4:6907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brunner, D., B. D. Gerardot, P. A. Dalgarno, G. Wüst, K. Karrai, N. G. Stoltz, P. M. Petroff, and R. J. Warburton. 2009. A coherent single-hole spin in a semiconductor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325:70–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bishop, C. A. 2015. Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, p.
An edited book
2010. Brain Edema XIV (Z. Czernicki, A. Baethmann, U. Ito, Y. Katayama, T. Kuroiwa, and D. Mendelow (eds.)). Springer, Vienna, XIII, 403 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Rose, S., and M. J. van der Laan. 2011. Introduction to TMLE; p. 67–82. In S. Rose (ed.), Targeted Learning: Causal Inference for Observational and Experimental Data., . Springer Series in Statistics Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palaeovertebrata.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2016. Male Bearded Dragons Turn Female In The Heat. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Managed Care: State Approaches on Selected Patient Protections. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R. M. 2012. Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ p.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wertheimer, L. K. 2016. The Middle East Conflict on Campus. New York Times, ED10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muchhala, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Dangl and Jones, 2001; Muchhala, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dangl and Jones, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Brunner et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalaeovertebrata
ISSN (print)0031-0247
ISSN (online)2274-0333

Other styles