How to format your references using the Palaeovertebrata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palaeovertebrata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bondi, H. 2004. Obituary: Thomas Gold (1920-2004). Nature, 430:415.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ciufolini, I., and E. C. Pavlis. 2004. A confirmation of the general relativistic prediction of the Lense-Thirring effect. Nature, 431:958–960.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldblatt, C., T. M. Lenton, and A. J. Watson. 2006. Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the Great Oxidation. Nature, 443:683–686.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aalto, R., L. Maurice-Bourgoin, T. Dunne, D. R. Montgomery, C. A. Nittrouer, and J.-L. Guyot. 2003. Episodic sediment accumulation on Amazonian flood plains influenced by El Niño/Southern Oscillation. Nature, 425:493–497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albright, R. D. 2013. Death of the Chesapeake. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, p.
An edited book
Gliozzo, A. 2009. Semantic Domains in Computational Linguistics (C. Strapparava (ed.)). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, IX, 131 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Basso, D., F. Pesarin, L. Salmaso, and A. Solari. 2009. Nonparametric One-Way ANOVA; p. 105–132. In L. Salmaso, F. Pesarin, and D. Basso (eds.), Permutation Tests for Stochastic Ordering and ANOVA: Theory and Applications with R., . Lecture Notes in Statistics Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palaeovertebrata.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Pesky Beetle Destroys Coffee Crops Thanks to Caffeine-Detoxing Gut Microbes. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. The Atlanta Region: Welcome to the Now South! U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, G. 2013. Religious/spiritual beliefs and practices of Asian/Asian American mental health professionals & students and the impact on treatment. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA p.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Rubin, A. J. 2017. Economy Idle, France Relaxes Its Labor Law. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bondi, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bondi, 2004; Ciufolini and Pavlis, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ciufolini and Pavlis, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Aalto et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalaeovertebrata
ISSN (print)0031-0247
ISSN (online)2274-0333

Other styles