How to format your references using the Palaeovertebrata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palaeovertebrata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D. 2000. Industrial solvents: clean and green...but are they mean? Nature, 407:938–940.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis, G., and J. Silk. 2014. Scientific method: Defend the integrity of physics. Nature, 516:321–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, W. R., A. J. Roberts, and G. Stuhne. 2001. Reproductive pair correlations and the clustering of organisms. Nature, 412:328–331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ransom, R. C., A. C. Carter, A. Salhotra, T. Leavitt, O. Marecic, M. P. Murphy, M. L. Lopez, Y. Wei, C. D. Marshall, E. Z. Shen, R. E. Jones, A. Sharir, O. D. Klein, C. K. F. Chan, D. C. Wan, H. Y. Chang, and M. T. Longaker. 2018. Mechanoresponsive stem cells acquire neural crest fate in jaw regeneration. Nature, 563:514–521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bliesner, D. M. 2006. Establishing a CGMP Laboratory Audit System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, p.
An edited book
Iglesias, M. 2005. Foundations of Generic Optimization: Volume 1: A Combinatorial Approach to Epistasis (B. Naudts, A. Verschoren, C. Vidal, and R. Lowen (eds.)). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XIII, 298 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Veale, T., and G. Li. 2014. Analogy as an Organizational Principle in the Construction of Large Knowledge-Bases; p. 83–101. In H. Prade and G. Richard (eds.), Computational Approaches to Analogical Reasoning: Current Trends., . Studies in Computational Intelligence Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palaeovertebrata.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016. Does Burnt Food Give You Cancer? IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Standard Budget Classifications--Proposed Functions and Subfunctions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Funderburk, J. 2010. Modern Variation in Predation Intensity: Constraints on Assessing Predator-Prey Relationships in Paleoecologic Reconstructions. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL p.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy, P., and F. Stockman. 2016. Public Rattled as Campaign Turns Coarser. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Adam, 2000; Ellis and Silk, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellis and Silk, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ransom et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalaeovertebrata
ISSN (print)0031-0247
ISSN (online)2274-0333

Other styles