How to format your references using the Palaeovertebrata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palaeovertebrata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gangopadhyay, S. S. 2013. Systemic administration of follistatin288 increases muscle mass and reduces fat accumulation in mice. Scientific Reports, 3:2441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Göhlich, U. B., and L. M. Chiappe. 2006. A new carnivorous dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Solnhofen archipelago. Nature, 440:329–332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hasnaoui, A., H. Van Swygenhoven, and P. M. Derlet. 2003. Dimples on nanocrystalline fracture surfaces as evidence for shear plane formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300:1550–1552.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marsh, R. L., D. J. Ellerby, J. A. Carr, H. T. Henry, and C. I. Buchanan. 2004. Partitioning the energetics of walking and running: swinging the limbs is expensive. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303:80–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larkin, R. F., and M. DiTommaso. 2015. Wiley Not-for-Profit GAAP 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, p.
An edited book
2013. Neighbourhood Structure and Health Promotion (C. Stock and A. Ellaway (eds.)). Springer US, Boston, MA, VIII, 367 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Papavasileiou, V., and A. Tsadiras. 2011. Time Variations of Association Rules in Market Basket Analysis; p. 36–44. In L. Iliadis, I. Maglogiannis, and H. Papadopoulos (eds.), Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: 12th INNS EANN-SIG International Conference, EANN 2011 and 7th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2011, Corfu, Greece, September 15-18, 2011, Proceedings , Part II., . IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palaeovertebrata.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. NASA: Streaks Of Salt On Mars Mean Flowing Water, And Raise New Hopes Of Finding Life. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flynn, M. J. 2013. Lifeguard employability skills. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA p.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. 2017. A Hole in Their Hearts, 5 Years After Hurricane Hit Staten Island. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gangopadhyay, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Göhlich and Chiappe, 2006; Gangopadhyay, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Göhlich and Chiappe, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Marsh et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalaeovertebrata
ISSN (print)0031-0247
ISSN (online)2274-0333

Other styles