How to format your references using the Palaeovertebrata citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palaeovertebrata. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perz, S. G. 2014. Sustainable development: The promise and perils of roads. Nature, 513:178–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lloyd-Jones, G. C., and L. T. Ball. 2014. Catalysis. Self-control tames the coupling of reactive radicals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345:381–382.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jermiin, L. S., L. Poladian, and M. A. Charleston. 2005. Evolution. Is the “Big Bang” in animal evolution real? Science (New York, N.Y.), 310:1910–1911.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu, Z., W. Wei, J. Gagneur, F. Perocchi, S. Clauder-Münster, J. Camblong, E. Guffanti, F. Stutz, W. Huber, and L. M. Steinmetz. 2009. Bidirectional promoters generate pervasive transcription in yeast. Nature, 457:1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell, D. L., and P. C. Arlow. 2015. Industrial Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, p.
An edited book
2013. Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 15th Conference of the Spanish Association for Artificial Intelligence, CAEPIA 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 17-20, 2013. Proceedings (C. Bielza, A. Salmerón, A. Alonso-Betanzos, J. I. Hidalgo, L. Martínez, A. Troncoso, E. Corchado, and J. M. Corchado (eds.)). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XVIII, 404 p. 98 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Blair, J. A. 2012. Argument Management, Informal Logic and Critical Thinking; p. 39–50. In C. W. Tindale (ed.), Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair., . Argumentation Library Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palaeovertebrata.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. Huge Squid Caught Attacking Submarine On Video. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. NASA Maintenance: Stronger Commitment Needed to Curb Facility Deterioration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neal, D. J. 2009. Prehospital Patient Triage in Mass Casualty Incidents: An engineering management analysis and prototype strategy recommendation. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC p.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2006. No Sawdust, But a Real Pit. New York Times, NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd-Jones and Ball, 2014; Perz, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lloyd-Jones and Ball, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalaeovertebrata
ISSN (print)0031-0247
ISSN (online)2274-0333

Other styles