How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaaderen, A. van, 2003. Chemistry. Colloidal molecules and beyond. Science 301, 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donnelly, J.P., Woodruff, J.D., 2007. Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon. Nature 447, 465–468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brunet, T., Leng, J., Mondain-Monval, O., 2013. Materials science. Soft acoustic metamaterials. Science 342, 323–324.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sardanyés, J., Simó, C., Martínez, R., Solé, R.V., Elena, S.F., 2014. Variability in mutational fitness effects prevents full lethal transitions in large quasispecies populations. Sci. Rep. 4, 4625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leis, J.W., 2011. Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cavallini, G., Paulis, G. (Eds.), 2015. Peyronie’s Disease: A Comprehensive Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Yehezkel, C., Haberman, B., 2006. Bridging the Gap Between School Computing and the “Real World,” in: Mittermeir, R.T. (Ed.), Informatics Education – The Bridge between Using and Understanding Computers: International Conference in Informatics in Secondary Schools – Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2006, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 7-11, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Yes, You Can Grow Potatoes On Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in Continuity Planning and Involvement of Key Users (No. GAO-10-799). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whited, J.E., 2015. An Investigation of Struggling Learners’ Motivation to Read (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. Rangers Regain Their Footing at the Garden and March Back Into the Series. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blaaderen, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Blaaderen, 2003; Donnelly and Woodruff, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donnelly and Woodruff, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Sardanyés et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Econ.
ISSN (print)2214-8043
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Psychology
General Social Sciences

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