How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundgren, P., 2014. Earth science: Fertile fields for seismicity. Nature 509, 436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domcke, W., Sobolewski, A.L., 2003. Chemistry. Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of photoacidity. Science 302, 1693–1694.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foley, S., Tiepolo, M., Vannucci, R., 2002. Growth of early continental crust controlled by melting of amphibolite in subduction zones. Nature 417, 837–840.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kulkarni, A., Kim, B., Dugasani, S.R., Joshirao, P., Kim, J.A., Vyas, C., Manchanda, V., Kim, T., Park, S.H., 2013. A novel nanometric DNA thin film as a sensor for alpha radiation. Sci. Rep. 3, 2062.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M.R., Chhetri, A.B., Khan, M.M., 2010. The Greening of Petroleum Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hytönen, T., 2016. Analysis in Banach Spaces: Volume I: Martingales and Littlewood-Paley Theory, Ergebnisse der Mathematik und ihrer Grenzgebiete. 3. Folge / A Series of Modern Surveys in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Buthelezi, T., 2016. IsiZulu Language and the Ilanga Newspaper as Catalysts for Participatory Democracy in South Africa, in: Salawu, A., Chibita, M.B. (Eds.), Indigenous Language Media, Language Politics and Democracy in Africa. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 59–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Amazing New Find Brings Us Closer To Cloning A Woolly Mammoth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Guarantee Agency Funding, Operations, and Reserves Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program (No. 127236). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Topdemir, C.M., 2010. School counselor accountability practices: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., Walsh, M.W., 2017. Puerto Rico Message: An Easy Bet Might Lose. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lundgren, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Domcke and Sobolewski, 2003; Lundgren, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Domcke and Sobolewski, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kulkarni et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Econ.
ISSN (print)2214-8043
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Psychology
General Social Sciences

Other styles