How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Majumdar, A., 2004. Materials science. Thermoelectricity in semiconductor nanostructures. Science 303, 777–778.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldsby, D.L., Tullis, T.E., 2011. Flash heating leads to low frictional strength of crustal rocks at earthquake slip rates. Science 334, 216–218.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merritt, D., Ferrarese, L., Joseph, C.L., 2001. No supermassive black hole in M33? Science 293, 1116–1118.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Papa, F.R., Zhang, C., Shokat, K., Walter, P., 2003. Bypassing a kinase activity with an ATP-competitive drug. Science 302, 1533–1537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jiang, J., Zhang, C., 2015. Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Enjuanes, L. (Ed.), 2005. Coronavirus Replication and Reverse Genetics, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, X.-G., Pang, R.-P., Zhou, L.-J., Wei, X.-H., Zang, Y., 2016. Neuropathic Pain: Sensory Nerve Injury or Motor Nerve Injury?, in: Ma, C., Huang, Y. (Eds.), Translational Research in Pain and Itch, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. The US Government Is Preparing To Approve A Private Mission To The Moon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: FAA Must Act Quickly to Prevent Systems Failures (No. T-AIMD-98-63). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duncan, E.A., 2017. Environmental controls of black abalone body temperature determine risks of thermal stress and disease (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2011. A No. 2 Theater Company Grabs the State Spotlight. New York Times A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Majumdar, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Goldsby and Tullis, 2011; Majumdar, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldsby and Tullis, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Papa et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Econ.
ISSN (print)2214-8043
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Psychology
General Social Sciences

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