How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guan, J.-L., 2004. Cell biology. Integrins, rafts, Rac, and Rho. Science 303, 773–774.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ransohoff, R.M., Cardona, A.E., 2010. The myeloid cells of the central nervous system parenchyma. Nature 468, 253–262.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ciosk, R., DePalma, M., Priess, J.R., 2006. Translational regulators maintain totipotency in the Caenorhabditis elegans germline. Science 311, 851–853.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Iwashita, T., Kruger, G.M., Pardal, R., Kiel, M.J., Morrison, S.J., 2003. Hirschsprung disease is linked to defects in neural crest stem cell function. Science 301, 972–976.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vogel, W., Kalb, H., 2010. Large-Scale Solar Thermal Power. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Picco, G.P., Heinzelman, W. (Eds.), 2012. Wireless Sensor Networks: 9th European Conference, EWSN 2012, Trento, Italy, February 15-17, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, L.O., Yang, Z.-H., Burke, K., 2012. Exact Conditions and Their Relevance in TDDFT, in: Marques, M.A.L., Maitra, N.T., Nogueira, F.M.S., Gross, E.K.U., Rubio, A. (Eds.), Fundamentals of Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 101–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Scientists Map The Amazon By Its Chemical Traits [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Developing and Using Questionnaires (No. PEMD-10.1.7). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toler, R.L., 2017. Structural Equation Modeling of Advertising Involvement, Consumer Attitude, and Engagement for Video Advertising in a Social Networking Site (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W., 2015. Fleeing an Uncertain Future in Venezuela. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guan, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Guan, 2004; Ransohoff and Cardona, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ransohoff and Cardona, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Iwashita et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Econ.
ISSN (print)2214-8043
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Psychology
General Social Sciences

Other styles