How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2000. NSF puts big money into complex ecology. Nature 407, 823.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wheeler, T., von Braun, J., 2013. Climate change impacts on global food security. Science 341, 508–513.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, D.-B., Xiao, R., Zeng, A., 2014. Predicting the evolution of spreading on complex networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 6108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Siegert, M.J., Kwok, R., Mayer, C., Hubbard, B., 2000. Water exchange between the subglacial Lake Vostok and the overlying ice sheet. Nature 403, 643–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Wen, E., Ellis, R., S. Pujar, N., 2014. Vaccine Development and Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scheerens, J. (Ed.), 2014. Effectiveness of Time Investments in Education: Insights from a review and meta-analysis, SpringerBriefs in Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Haltinner, K., 2016. Gender Bending in the Classroom: Teaching Gender Inequity Without Reifying Gender Essentialism and Heteronormativity, in: Haltinner, K., Pilgeram, R. (Eds.), Teaching Gender and Sex in Contemporary America. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. LightSail’s Solar Sail Has Been Deployed [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Status Information: FAA’s Year 2000 Business Continuity and Contingency Planning Efforts Are Ongoing (No. AIMD-99-40R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cacciola, J.A., 2010. A quantitative study on retaining leadership talent within a naval aviation squadron (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shinn, I.E., 1949. TIE-IN. New York Times MagazineSM2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2000; Wheeler and von Braun, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wheeler and von Braun, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Siegert et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Econ.
ISSN (print)2214-8043
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Psychology
General Social Sciences

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