How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, J., 2005. DNA polymerases: Hoogsteen base-pairing in DNA replication? Nature 437, E6-7; discussion E7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aguzzi, A., Haass, C., 2003. Games played by rogue proteins in prion disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. Science 302, 814–818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cuello, L.G., Cortes, D.M., Perozo, E., 2004. Molecular architecture of the KvAP voltage-dependent K+ channel in a lipid bilayer. Science 306, 491–495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
de Pater, I., Hammel, H.B., Showalter, M.R., van Dam, M.A., 2007. The dark side of the rings of Uranus. Science 317, 1888–1890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, R., 2012. Rethinking Pragmatism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kovacevic, A., 2007. Screw Compressors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Green, T.M., Fisher, B., 2011. The Personal Equation of Complex Individual Cognition during Visual Interface Interaction, in: Ebert, A., Dix, A., Gershon, N.D., Pohl, M. (Eds.), Human Aspects of Visualization: Second IFIP WG 13.7 Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Visualization, HCIV (INTERACT) 2009, Uppsala, Sweden, August 24, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why Do My Muscles Ache The Day After Exercise? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Services for the Elderly: Longstanding Transportation Problems Need More Federal Attention (No. HRD-91-117). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tahira, A., 2017. Synthesis of Bivalent Organothiophosphate Inhibitors and Their Inhibition of Butyrylcholinesterase: Studies towards a Potential Treatment of Cognitive Loss Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2005. Business Briefing | Russian Gas Monopoly Buys Newspaper. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Aguzzi and Haass, 2003; Wang, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aguzzi and Haass, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (de Pater et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Econ.
ISSN (print)2214-8043
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Applied Psychology
General Social Sciences

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