How to format your references using the International Journal of Impotence Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Impotence Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gaston KJ. Ecology: the importance of being rare. Nature 2012; 487: 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Burton DR, Dwek RA. Immunology. Sugar determines antibody activity. Science 2006; 313: 627–628.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Karlson RH, Cornell HV, Hughes TP. Coral communities are regionally enriched along an oceanic biodiversity gradient. Nature 2004; 429: 867–870.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Sinervo B, Méndez-de-la-Cruz F, Miles DB, Heulin B, Bastiaans E, Villagrán-Santa Cruz M et al. Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches. Science 2010; 328: 894–899.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Barron RF, Barron BR. Design for Thermal Stresses. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
1
Haltinner K, Sarathchandra D, Alves-Foss J, Chang K, Conte de Leon D, Song J (eds.). Cyber Security: Second International Symposium, CSS 2015, Coeur d’Alene, ID, USA, April 7-8, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Patterson G. A Historically Black High School Remains Intact. In: Noblit GW (ed). School Desegregation: Oral Histories toward Understanding the Effects of White Domination. SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2015, pp 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Impotence Research.

Blog post
1
Fang J. Rare Blurring Of Black Hole Light Observed. IFLScience. 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Luse KM. Invariants of knots, graphs, and Feynman diagrams. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Wagner J. The Mets’ Past Bonds With the Mets’ Future. New York Times. 2017; : B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Impotence Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Impot. Res.
ISSN (print)0955-9930
ISSN (online)1476-5489
ScopeUrology

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