How to format your references using the International Journal of Drug Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Drug Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gresham, D. (2015). Evolution: Fitness tracking for adapting populations. Nature, 519(7542), 164–165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaughn, M. W., & Martienssen, R. (2005). It’s a small RNA world, after all. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5740), 1525–1526.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deana, A., Celesnik, H., & Belasco, J. G. (2008). The bacterial enzyme RppH triggers messenger RNA degradation by 5’ pyrophosphate removal. Nature, 451(7176), 355–358.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Q., Liu, Z. L., Ning, K., Wang, A., Zeng, X., & Xu, J. (2014). Genomic and transcriptome analyses reveal that MAPK- and phosphatidylinositol-signaling pathways mediate tolerance to 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde for industrial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Scientific Reports, 4, 6556.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, R. J., Sr. (2008). Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, Sixth Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baddeley, A. (2007). Stochastic Geometry: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Martina Franca, Italy, September 13–18, 2004 (I. Bárány, R. Schneider, & W. Weil, Eds.; Vol. 1892). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mahajan, D., Ramamoorthi, R., & Curless, B. (2006). A Theory of Spherical Harmonic Identities for BRDF/Lighting Transfer and Image Consistency. In A. Leonardis, H. Bischof, & A. Pinz (Eds.), Computer Vision – ECCV 2006: 9th European Conference on Computer Vision, Graz, Austria, May 7-13, 2006, Proceedings, Part IV (pp. 41–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Drug Policy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, March 1). Want To Eradicate Viruses? They Made Us Who We Are. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Analysis of NASA’s Supplemental FY 1979 Budget Request (PSAD-79-59). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shan, J. (2014). A Theoretical Investigation of Radial Lateral Wells with Shockwave Completion in Shale Gas Reservoirs [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Childs, M. (2017, March 27). Pimco and Star Investor Settle Venomous War Over His Ouster. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gresham, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gresham, 2015; Vaughn & Martienssen, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaughn & Martienssen, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Deana et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Drug Policy
AbbreviationInt. J. Drug Policy
ISSN (print)0955-3959
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

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