How to format your references using the International Journal of Drug Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Drug Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, F. (2010). Scientists need a shorter path to research freedom. Nature, 467(7316), 635.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, C. G., & Sherman, P. W. (2010). Anciently asexual bdelloid rotifers escape lethal fungal parasites by drying up and blowing away. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5965), 574–576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krasnoshchekov, D. N., Kaazik, P. B., & Ovtchinnikov, V. M. (2005). Seismological evidence for mosaic structure of the surface of the Earth’s inner core. Nature, 435(7041), 483–487.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Forkey, J. N., Quinlan, M. E., Shaw, M. A., Corrie, J. E. T., & Goldman, Y. E. (2003). Three-dimensional structural dynamics of myosin V by single-molecule fluorescence polarization. Nature, 422(6930), 399–404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, R. (2007). Classical Algebra: Its Nature, Origins, and Uses. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Harrie, R. P. (2014). Clinical Ophthalmic Echography: A Case Study Approach (C. J. Kendall, Ed.; 2nd ed. 2014). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kanekawa, N., Ibe, E. H., Suga, T., & Uematsu, Y. (2011). Fault-Tolerant System Technology. In E. H. Ibe, T. Suga, & Y. Uematsu (Eds.), Dependability in Electronic Systems: Mitigation of Hardware Failures, Soft Errors, and Electro-Magnetic Disturbances (pp. 143–200). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Drug Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 20). A Sixth Sense? How We Can Tell That Eyes Are Watching Us. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Traffic Safety Programs: Progress, States’ Challenges, and Issues for Reauthorization (GAO-08-990T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bono, S. (2013). Perceptions of Psychological Abuse and the Impact of Blame and Gender Role Beliefs [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, May 30). Powerful or Offensive? Ramadan Ad Depicting Would-Be Terrorist Proves Divisive. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Collins, 2010; Wilson & Sherman, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson & Sherman, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Krasnoshchekov et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Forkey et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Drug Policy
AbbreviationInt. J. Drug Policy
ISSN (print)0955-3959
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

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