How to format your references using the International Journal of Implant Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Implant Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Duncan G. Engineering. Privacy by design. Science. 2007;317:1178–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gillette MU, Sejnowski TJ. Physiology. Biological clocks coordinately keep life on time. Science. 2005;309:1196–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Krieger MJ, Billeter JB, Keller L. Ant-like task allocation and recruitment in cooperative robots. Nature. 2000;406:992–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Antia R, Regoes RR, Koella JC, Bergstrom CT. The role of evolution in the emergence of infectious diseases. Nature. 2003;426:658–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Southard TE, Marshall SD, Bonner LL. Orthodontics in the Vertical Dimension. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Melin P, Kacprzyk J, Pedrycz W, editors. Bio-inspired Hybrid Intelligent Systems for Image Analysis and Pattern Recognition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cugiani M. Cenni Sulla Teoria Delle Distribuzioni. In: Bompiani E, editor. Analisi Funzionale. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 199–215.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Implant Dentistry.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Ancient Collision Created Ice Volcanoes On Saturn’s Moon [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/ancient-collision-created-ice-volcanoes-saturns-moon/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School Choice: Private School Choice Programs Are Growing and Can Complicate Providing Certain Federally Funded Services to Eligible Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Aug. Report No.: GAO-16-712.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Garcia M. College preparedness program for high school students in South Los Angeles, California: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Who’s at Second, And Now Third? It’s the Catcher. New York Times. 2017 Aug 17;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Implant Dentistry
AbbreviationInt. J. Implant Dent.
ISSN (online)2198-4034
Scope

Other styles