How to format your references using the International Journal of Implant Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Implant Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rousselle T. Recruiters and industry. Dual competencies. Nature. 2004;430:488.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Krumholz MR, McKee CF. A minimum column density of 1 g cm(-2) for massive star formation. Nature. 2008;451:1082–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bewley GP, Lathrop DP, Sreenivasan KR. Superfluid helium: visualization of quantized vortices. Nature. 2006;441:588.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Subramani A, Alsidawi S, Jagannathan S, Sumita K, Sasaki AT, Aronow B, et al. The brain microenvironment negatively regulates miRNA-768-3p to promote K-ras expression and lung cancer metastasis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Passarelli D. Trading Options Greeks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Dieter RS, Dieter RA Jr, Dieter RA III, editors. Endovascular Interventions: A Case-Based Approach. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shoukry Y, Martin P, Tabuada P, Srivastava M. Non-invasive Spoofing Attacks for Anti-lock Braking Systems. In: Bertoni G, Coron J-S, editors. Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems - CHES 2013: 15th International Workshop, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 20-23, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Implant Dentistry.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. “Scratching” Sounds A Woman Heard Were Caused By Spider Living In Her Ear [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scratching-sounds-woman-heard-caused-spider-living-her-ear/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Force F-22 Embedded Computers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-94-177R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brown O. Business and IT leaders’ behavioral affects on alignment and project outcome: A comparative leadership study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Gelles D, Thomas K. Under Armour and Intel C.E.O.s Follow Merck Chief, Quitting Panel in Rebuke to Trump. New York Times. 2017 Aug 14;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Implant Dentistry
AbbreviationInt. J. Implant Dent.
ISSN (online)2198-4034
Scope

Other styles