How to format your references using the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert, F., 2001. Isotope geochemistry. The origin of water on earth. Science 293, 1056–1058.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, G., Or, D., 2014. Trophic interactions induce spatial self-organization of microbial consortia on rough surfaces. Sci. Rep. 4, 6757.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berken, A., Thomas, C., Wittinghofer, A., 2005. A new family of RhoGEFs activates the Rop molecular switch in plants. Nature 436, 1176–1180.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hill, P.W.S., Leitch, H.G., Requena, C.E., Sun, Z., Amouroux, R., Roman-Trufero, M., Borkowska, M., Terragni, J., Vaisvila, R., Linnett, S., Bagci, H., Dharmalingham, G., Haberle, V., Lenhard, B., Zheng, Y., Pradhan, S., Hajkova, P., 2018. Epigenetic reprogramming enables the transition from primordial germ cell to gonocyte. Nature 555, 392–396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levene, M., 2010. An Introduction to Search Engines and Web Navigation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jiang, W.G. (Ed.), 2012. Electric Cell-Substrate Impedance Sensing and Cancer Metastasis, Cancer Metastasis - Biology and Treatment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Agneessens, F., Koskinen, J., 2016. Modeling Individual Outcomes Using a Multilevel Social Influence (MSI) Model: Individual Versus Team Effects of Trust on Job Satisfaction in an Organisational Context, in: Lazega, E., Snijders, T.A.B. (Eds.), Multilevel Network Analysis for the Social Sciences: Theory, Methods and Applications, Texts in Statistical Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Working Out How Much Exercise To Do Will Take More Than The Latest Wearable Tracker [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (No. 089071). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong-Romero, K.A., 2017. Cultural influences and the impact of workplace bullying (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. Kangaroo Rats Outjump Rattlesnakes. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robert, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Robert, 2001; Wang and Or, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Or, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hill et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Hyg. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1438-4639
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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