How to format your references using the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruan, Y., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Presenting the human genome: now in 3D! Science 331, 1025–1026.
A journal article with 2 authors
Logan, B.E., Rabaey, K., 2012. Conversion of wastes into bioelectricity and chemicals by using microbial electrochemical technologies. Science 337, 686–690.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubi, Y., Meir, Y., Avishai, Y., 2007. Nature of the superconductor-insulator transition in disordered superconductors. Nature 449, 876–880.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
You, L.-R., Lin, F.-J., Lee, C.T., DeMayo, F.J., Tsai, M.-J., Tsai, S.Y., 2005. Suppression of Notch signalling by the COUP-TFII transcription factor regulates vein identity. Nature 435, 98–104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, K., Guo, X., Pan, Y., 2016. Multiple Biological Sequence Alignment: Scoring Functions, Algorithms and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carlson, D.L., Albright, J. (Eds.), 2012. Composing a Care of the Self: A Critical History of Writing Assessment in Secondary English Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Bakhtadze, N.N., Lototsky, V.A., 2016. Knowledge-Based Models of Nonlinear Systems Based on Inductive Learning, in: Różewski, P., Novikov, D., Bakhtadze, N., Zaikin, O. (Eds.), New Frontiers in Information and Production Systems Modelling and Analysis: Incentive Mechanisms, Competence Management, Knowledge-Based Production, Intelligent Systems Reference Library. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 85–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. A Urine Test Could Distinguish Between Bipolar Disorder And Depression [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Need for Better Management of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (No. AFMD-82-74). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stoecker, K., 2013. Transfer of Topic-Prominence in Chinese-English Interlanguage (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2013. MetLife Will Repatriate an Offshore Reinsurance Unit to Mollify Regulators. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruan, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Logan and Rabaey, 2012; Ruan, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Logan and Rabaey, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (You et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Hyg. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1438-4639
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles