How to format your references using the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cumming, B.G., 2002. An unexpected specialization for horizontal disparity in primate primary visual cortex. Nature 418, 633–636.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saviane, C., Silver, R.A., 2006. Fast vesicle reloading and a large pool sustain high bandwidth transmission at a central synapse. Nature 439, 983–987.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfeffer, W.T., Harper, J.T., O’Neel, S., 2008. Kinematic constraints on glacier contributions to 21st-century sea-level rise. Science 321, 1340–1343.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bertet, P., Osnaghi, S., Rauschenbeutel, A., Nogues, G., Auffeves, A., Brune, M., Raimond, J.M., Haroche, S., 2001. A complementarity experiment with an interferometer at the quantum-classical boundary. Nature 411, 166–170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jamison, D.C., 2005. Perl Programming for Biologists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nguyen, N.T., Le, M.T., Świątek, J. (Eds.), 2010. Intelligent Information and Database Systems: Second International Conference, ACIIDS, Hue City, Vietnam, March 24-26, 2010. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chitchyan, R., Fabry, J., Bergmans, L., 2007. Aspects, Dependencies, and Interactions, in: Südholt, M., Consel, C. (Eds.), Object-Oriented Technology. ECOOP 2006 Workshop Reader: ECOOP 2006 Workshops, Nantes, France, July 3-7, 2006, Final Reports, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 26–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. NASA Announces New Evidence For An Ocean On Europa [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Federal Motor Vehicles: Agencies’ Progress in Meeting Expenditure Control Requirements (No. GGD-88-40). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brawley, K., 2010. A nutrition and physical activity curriculum for pregnant women (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. From Hockey 101 to a Ph.D. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cumming, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cumming, 2002; Saviane and Silver, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saviane and Silver, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Bertet et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Hyg. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1438-4639
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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