How to format your references using the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, H., 2014. A double dose of advice. Science 346, 510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, G., Or, D., 2014. Trophic interactions induce spatial self-organization of microbial consortia on rough surfaces. Sci. Rep. 4, 6757.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tattersall, G.J., Andrade, D.V., Abe, A.S., 2009. Heat exchange from the toucan bill reveals a controllable vascular thermal radiator. Science 325, 468–470.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Joh, H.M., Choi, J.Y., Kim, S.J., Chung, T.H., Kang, T.-H., 2014. Effect of additive oxygen gas on cellular response of lung cancer cells induced by atmospheric pressure helium plasma jet. Sci. Rep. 4, 6638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marlet, R., 2012. Program Specialization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Marxer, W. (Ed.), 2012. Direct Democracy and Minorities. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Uzan, J.-P., Leclercq, B., 2008. Planning the edifice: structure of theories, in: Leclercq, B. (Ed.), The Natural Laws of the Universe: Understanding Fundamental Constants. Praxis, New York, NY, pp. 37–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Scientist’s Anti-Wave Guns Could Shrink Tsunamis By 30 Percent [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Academy Preparatory Schools (No. NSIAD-94-56R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tofthagen, C.S., 2008. Development and psychometric evaluation of the Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Assessment Tool (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. (Early) Spring Reading. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wang and Or, 2014; Wang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Or, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Joh et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Hyg. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1438-4639
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles