How to format your references using the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jarrold, M.F., 2000. The smallest fullerene. Nature 407, 26–27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch, C., Hepp, K., 2006. Quantum mechanics in the brain. Nature 440, 611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raebiger, H., Lany, S., Zunger, A., 2008. Charge self-regulation upon changing the oxidation state of transition metals in insulators. Nature 453, 763–766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Uauy, C., Distelfeld, A., Fahima, T., Blechl, A., Dubcovsky, J., 2006. A NAC Gene regulating senescence improves grain protein, zinc, and iron content in wheat. Science 314, 1298–1301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison, R.G., 2014. Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Botana, F., Recio, T. (Eds.), 2007. Automated Deduction in Geometry: 6th International Workshop, ADG 2006, Pontevedra, Spain, August 31-September 2, 2006. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Keramidas, G., Xekalakis, P., Kaxiras, S., 2007. Applying Decay to Reduce Dynamic Power in Set-Associative Caches, in: Bosschere, K.D., Kaeli, D., Stenström, P., Whalley, D., Ungerer, T. (Eds.), High Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers: Second International Conference, HiPEAC 2007, Ghent, Belgium, January 28-30, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Doctors Watch The Brain Activity Of A Man As He “Sees God” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Services for the Elderly: Longstanding Transportation Problems Need More Federal Attention (No. HRD-91-117). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Churney, K., 2014. Drawing and multimodality communication training as an effective treatment option for individuals with nonfluent aphasia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2013. ‘Dark Knight Returns’ Cover Art Goes for Sale. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moazed, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Mayor, 2005; Sheen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koch and Hepp, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ni et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Hyg. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)1438-4639
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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