How to format your references using the Creativity and Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Creativity and Innovation Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helander, M.G. (2012) Applied Physics. Solution-Processible Electrodes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336, 302–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosen, E.D., Spiegelman, B.M. (2006) Adipocytes as Regulators of Energy Balance and Glucose Homeostasis. Nature, 444, 847–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Y., Tyson, G.W., DeLong, E.F. (2009) Metatranscriptomics Reveals Unique Microbial Small RNAs in the Ocean’s Water Column. Nature, 459, 266–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kumamoto, Y., Aoyama, M., Hamajima, Y., Aono, T., Kouketsu, S., Murata, A., Kawano, T. (2014) Southward Spreading of the Fukushima-Derived Radiocesium across the Kuroshio Extension in the North Pacific. Scientific reports, 4, 4276.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scharf, T. (2006) Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li, S.Z., Jain, A.K. (eds.) (2011) Handbook of Face Recognition, Second Edition. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Amro, S.A., Chiclana, F., Elizondo, D.A. (2012) Application of Fuzzy Logic in Computer Security and Forensics. In Elizondo, David A., Solanas, A. and Martinez-Balleste, A. (eds.), Computational Intelligence for Privacy and Security. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Creativity and Innovation Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Ice Tsunami: What The Hell Is Happening In This Video? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Career and Technical Education: Surveys to State Directors of Career and Technical Education (GAO-09-737SP, July 2009), an E-Supplement to GAO-09-683 ( No. GAO-09-737SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayner, S.W. (2017) Transformational Leadership and Organizational Change during Agile and Devops Initiatives. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scott, M. (2017) Google Is Fined $2.7 Billion for Crowding Out European Rivals. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helander, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Helander, 2012; Rosen & Spiegelman, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosen & Spiegelman, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Shi, Tyson & DeLong, 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kumamoto et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCreativity and Innovation Management
AbbreviationCreat. Innov. Manag.
ISSN (print)0963-1690
ISSN (online)1467-8691
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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