How to format your references using the Creativity and Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Creativity and Innovation Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2001) Funding Fears Spark Italian Protests. Nature, 414, 384.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacInnis, B.L., Campenot, R.B. (2002) Retrograde Support of Neuronal Survival without Retrograde Transport of Nerve Growth Factor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295, 1536–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng, Y., Zhang, S., Huang, X. (2014) A Robust TALENs System for Highly Efficient Mammalian Genome Editing. Scientific reports, 4, 3632.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jokat, W., Ritzmann, O., Schmidt-Aursch, M.C., Drachev, S., Gauger, S., Snow, J. (2003) Geophysical Evidence for Reduced Melt Production on the Arctic Ultraslow Gakkel Mid-Ocean Ridge. Nature, 423, 962–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baines, P., Ferraro, J., Rogers, P. (2010) The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing 1660 - 1789. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Schoen, R. (ed.) (2016) Dynamic Demographic Analysis. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller, M., Günther, T., Kammer, D., Wojdziak, J., Lorenz, S., Groh, R. (2016) Smart Prototyping - Improving the Evaluation of Design Concepts Using Virtual Reality. In Lackey, S. and Shumaker, R. (eds.), Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality: 8th International Conference, VAMR 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, Canada, July 17-22, 2016. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Creativity and Innovation Management.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014) Milky Way Pillages Star-Making Gas From Our Smallest Neighbors [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Senate Bill 543: The Job Training Partnership Act Youth Employment Amendments of 1989 ( No. T-HRD-89-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, R.H. (2017) Comparing the Effects of Traditional Face-to-Face, Technology-Based, and Blended Instructional Strategies in a Post-Secondary Spanish Language Learning Environment. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. (2013) MetLife Will Repatriate an Offshore Reinsurance Unit to Mollify Regulators. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2001; MacInnis & Campenot, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacInnis & Campenot, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Feng, Zhang & Huang, 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jokat et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCreativity and Innovation Management
AbbreviationCreat. Innov. Manag.
ISSN (print)0963-1690
ISSN (online)1467-8691
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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