How to format your references using the Creativity and Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Creativity and Innovation Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J. (2015) Cannabis: 4 Big Questions. Nature, 525, S18.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, X., Norell, M.A. (2004) A New Troodontid Dinosaur from China with Avian-like Sleeping Posture. Nature, 431, 838–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jordan, S.P., Lee, K.S.M., Preskill, J. (2012) Quantum Algorithms for Quantum Field Theories. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336, 1130–3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, M., Indra, A.K., Warot, X., Brocard, J., Messaddeq, N., Kato, S., Metzger, D., Chambon, P. (2000) Skin Abnormalities Generated by Temporally Controlled RXRalpha Mutations in Mouse Epidermis. Nature, 407, 633–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hayward, A., Weare, F. (2010) Steel Detailers’ Manual. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Gupta, V.P. (2015) The Functional Analysis of Quantum Information Theory: A Collection of Notes Based on Lectures by Gilles Pisier, K. R. Parthasarathy, Vern Paulsen and Andreas Winter. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Delaunoy, A., Prados, E., Belhumeur, P.N. (2011) Towards Full 3D Helmholtz Stereovision Algorithms. In Kimmel, R., Klette, R. and Sugimoto, A. (eds.), Computer Vision – ACCV 2010: 10th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Queenstown, New Zealand, November 8-12, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Creativity and Innovation Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) It’s Survival of the Most Useful When Protecting Species [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Pilot Cities Program: Phaseout Needed Due To Limited National Benefits ( No. GGD-75-16). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillespie, L. (2014) Trust in Leadership: Investigation of Andragogical Learning and Implications for Student Placement Outcomes. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017) Future Hits No. 1 on Billboard Chart. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gould, 2015; Xu & Norell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu & Norell, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Jordan, Lee & Preskill, 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Li et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCreativity and Innovation Management
AbbreviationCreat. Innov. Manag.
ISSN (print)0963-1690
ISSN (online)1467-8691
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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