How to format your references using the Creativity and Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Creativity and Innovation Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerbel, R.S. (2006) Antiangiogenic Therapy: A Universal Chemosensitization Strategy for Cancer? Science (New York, N.Y.), 312, 1171–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowland, J.M., Emlen, D.J. (2009) Two Thresholds, Three Male Forms Result in Facultative Male Trimorphism in Beetles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323, 773–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raxworthy, C.J., Forstner, M.R.J., Nussbaum, R.A. (2002) Chameleon Radiation by Oceanic Dispersal. Nature, 415, 784–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kamat, S., Su, X., Ballarini, R., Heuer, A.H. (2000) Structural Basis for the Fracture Toughness of the Shell of the Conch Strombus Gigas. Nature, 405, 1036–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambaum, M.H.P. (2010) Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Manna, Z., Peled, D.A. (eds.) (2010) Time for Verification: Essays in Memory of Amir Pnueli. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Basso, D., Pesarin, F., Salmaso, L., Solari, A. (2009) Multivariate Continuous Data. In Salmaso, L., Pesarin, F. and Basso, D. (eds.), Permutation Tests for Stochastic Ordering and ANOVA: Theory and Applications with R. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 85–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Creativity and Innovation Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016) Climate Scientists Expect Us To Miss The Paris Climate Agreement Targets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Business Modernization: Disciplined Processes Needed to Better Manage NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program ( No. GAO-04-118). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, J.T. (2010) The Relationship between Technology Support and Extent of Technology Integration into College-Level Foreign Language Curricula. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R. (2017) Mattis Beseeches Pacific Officials to ‘Bear With Us’. New York Times, A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerbel, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kerbel, 2006; Rowland & Emlen, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowland & Emlen, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Raxworthy, Forstner & Nussbaum, 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kamat et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCreativity and Innovation Management
AbbreviationCreat. Innov. Manag.
ISSN (print)0963-1690
ISSN (online)1467-8691
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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