How to format your references using the Creativity and Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Creativity and Innovation Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tian, P. (2011) Convergence: Where West Meets East. Nature, 480, S84-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ge, X., He, S. (2014) Experimental Realization of an Open Cavity. Scientific reports, 4, 5965.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shapiro, L., McAdams, H.H., Losick, R. (2002) Generating and Exploiting Polarity in Bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298, 1942–6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jensen, T., van de Bildt, M., Dietz, H.H., Andersen, T.H., Hammer, A.S., Kuiken, T., Osterhaus, A. (2002) Another Phocine Distemper Outbreak in Europe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297, 209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godula-Jopek, A., Jehle, W., Wellnitz, J. (2012) Hydrogen Storage Technologies. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ryan, M., Gerard, K., Amaya-Amaya, M. (eds.) (2008) Using Discrete Choice Experiments to Value Health and Health Care. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
GIZ GmbH (2015) Success Factor – Strategy. In GmbH, G. (ed.), Cooperation Management for Practitioners: Managing Social Change with Capacity WORKS. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp. 42–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Creativity and Innovation Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Genetic Tweak Makes Mouse Brain Cells Behave Like Primates’ [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates ( No. RCED-00-164). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blankenship, K. (2017) An Analysis of Illinois Public School Funding a Descriptive Comparison of Equity: 2005 v. 2015. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M. (2013) For de Blasio, So Many Jobs to Fill, So Little Time. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tian, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ge & He, 2014; Tian, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ge & He, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Shapiro, McAdams & Losick, 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jensen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCreativity and Innovation Management
AbbreviationCreat. Innov. Manag.
ISSN (print)0963-1690
ISSN (online)1467-8691
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

Other styles