How to format your references using the Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Holdren JP. Retrospective. Joseph Rotblat (1908-2005). Science 2005;310:633.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kornack DR, Rakic P. Cell proliferation without neurogenesis in adult primate neocortex. Science 2001;294:2127–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Templeton CN, Greene E, Davis K. Allometry of alarm calls: black-capped chickadees encode information about predator size. Science 2005;308:1934–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yanagisawa H, Davis EC, Starcher BC, Ouchi T, Yanagisawa M, Richardson JA, et al. Fibulin-5 is an elastin-binding protein essential for elastic fibre development in vivo. Nature 2002;415:168–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Le Doeuff R, Zaïm MEH. Rotating Electrical Machines. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Sidoravičius V, editor. New Trends in Mathematical Physics: Selected contributions of the XVth International Congress on Mathematical Physics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Läsche C, Böde E, Peikenkamp T. A Method for Guided Hazard Identification and Risk Mitigation for Offshore Operations ,. In: Ortmeier F, Daniel P, editors. Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 31st International Conference, SAFECOMP 2012, Magdeburg, Germany, September 25-28, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Magnetic Levitation Train Could Reach Speeds Of 1,800 Miles Per Hour. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/magnetic-levitation-train-could-reach-speeds-1800-miles-hour/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Efforts to Improve Taxpayer Correspondence. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Chapman TW. Evaluating the δ13C Value of n-Alkanes as a Recorder of Atmospheric Chemistry. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M. Man in the News; A Master of the Image: David Richmond Gergen. New York Times 1993:122.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
AbbreviationClin. Transl. Radiat. Oncol.
ISSN (print)2405-6308
Scope

Other styles