How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Geographics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Geographics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sabadini R. Paleoclimate. Ice sheet collapse and sea level change. Science. 2002;295:2376–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wright CW, Duckett CS. The aryl hydrocarbon nuclear translocator alters CD30-mediated NF-kappaB-dependent transcription. Science. 2009;323:251–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Halberda J, Mazzocco MMM, Feigenson L. Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement. Nature. 2008;455:665–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Javadi A, Habibi M, Taheri FS, Moulinet S, Bonn D. Effect of wetting on capillary pumping in microchannels. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1412.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bradford R. Is Shakespeare Any Good? Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Williams RO III, Watts AB, Miller DA, editors. Formulating Poorly Water Soluble Drugs. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Siim B, Meret S. Right-wing Populism in Denmark: People, Nation and Welfare in the Construction of the ‘Other.’ In: Lazaridis G, Campani G, Benveniste A, editors. The Rise of the Far Right in Europe: Populist Shifts and “Othering.” London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 109–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Geographics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How We Got To Now: Why The US And Europe Went Different Ways On GMOs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-we-got-now-why-us-and-europe-went-different-ways-gmos/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Need To Improve Management of ACDA’s Automatic Data Processing and Operations Analysis Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-83-66.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Albers C. One Academic Year Study of Experiences of One Cohort of Graduates from a Midwestern University’s Teacher Education Program [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wilson M. A Violent Encounter in Little Italy, and a ‘Tough Guy’ Winds Up on the Lam. New York Times. 2017 Sep 6;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Geographics
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Geogr.
ISSN (online)1476-072X
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Computer Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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