How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Geographics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Geographics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Neylon C. Science publishing: Open access must enable open use. Nature. 2012;492:348–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kramer GJ, Haigh M. No quick switch to low-carbon energy. Nature. 2009;462:568–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Verma T, Araújo NAM, Herrmann HJ. Revealing the structure of the world airline network. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5638.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Baek SK, Yi IG, Park HJ, Kim BJ. Universal statistics of the knockout tournament. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fan J. Multiscale Analysis of Deformation and Failure of Materials. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Mahlow C, Piotrowski M, editors. Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology: Third International Workshop, SFCM 2013, Berlin, Germany, September 6, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Vieten UM. ‘When I Land in Islamabad I Feel Home and When I Land in Heathrow I Feel Home.’ In: Tsolidis G, editor. Migration, Diaspora and Identity: Cross-National Experiences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 51–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Geographics.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. How Worms Changed The Course Of Life On Earth [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-worm-changed-course-life-earth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Equipment: Buying Through GSA’s Office of Technology Plus Stores. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Nov. Report No.: IMTEC-86-2BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pigott C. School Resource Officers and the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Discovering Trends of Expulsions in Public Schools [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kanter J. E.U. Lawmakers Approve Canada Trade Deal, in Message to Trump. New York Times. 2017 Feb 15;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Geographics
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Geogr.
ISSN (online)1476-072X
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Computer Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles