How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Geographics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Geographics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pyne SJ. Essays on science and society. The fires this time, and next. Science. 2001;294:1005–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ronald PC, Beutler B. Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures. Science. 2010;330:1061–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Säterberg T, Sellman S, Ebenman B. High frequency of functional extinctions in ecological networks. Nature. 2013;499:468–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sugiura T, Ogawa H, Fukuda N, Moriguchi T. Changes in the taste and textural attributes of apples in response to climate change. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2418.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hauser G. Hygienegerechte Apparate Und Anlagen. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2008.
An edited book
1. Gore AC, editor. Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals: From Basic Research to Clinical Practice. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cho J, Pak JS, Kim J. Noise Coupling and Shielding in 3D ICs. In: Lee M, Pak JS, Kim J, editors. Electrical Design of Through Silicon Via. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 115–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Geographics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. What Will Happen When Antibiotics Stop Working? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/what-will-happen-when-antibiotics-stop-working/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Programs: Parent Education and Income Best Predict Participation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Dec. Report No.: HEHS-95-47.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wilson MB. Constructions of childhood found in award -winning children’s literature [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. Classic Words, Fresh Looks. New York Times. 2016 Jul 31;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Geographics
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Geogr.
ISSN (online)1476-072X
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
General Computer Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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