How to format your references using the Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N (2009) Systems biology: Untangling the protein web. Nature 460:415–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deng M, Hochstrasser M (2006) Spatially regulated ubiquitin ligation by an ER/nuclear membrane ligase. Nature 443:827–831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blois JL, McGuire JL, Hadly EA (2010) Small mammal diversity loss in response to late-Pleistocene climatic change. Nature 465:771–774.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zubieta J-K, Heitzeg MM, Smith YR, Bueller JA, Xu K, Xu Y, Koeppe RA, Stohler CS, Goldman D (2003) COMT val158met genotype affects mu-opioid neurotransmitter responses to a pain stressor. Science 299:1240–1243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson D (2007) TKO Sales! John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen H, Wang Y, Cheung K-H (eds) (2010) Semantic e-Science. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou S-M, Chiclana F, John RI, Garibaldi JM (2011) Fuzzification of the OWA Operators for Aggregating Uncertain Information with Uncertain Weights. In: Recent Developments in the Ordered Weighted Averaging Operators: Theory and Practice. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, Yager RR, Kacprzyk J, Beliakov G (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 91–109

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Our ‘Selfish’ Genes Contain The Seeds Of Our Destruction – But There Might Be A Fix. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) China: U.S. Universities in China Emphasize Academic Freedom but Face Internet Censorship and Other Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pee G-Y (2008) Sonochemical Remediation of Freshwater Sediments Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Where Many Things Besides the Islanders Need Fixing. New York Times:SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Deng & Hochstrasser 2006, Blow 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deng & Hochstrasser 2006)
  • Three authors: (Blois et al. 2010)
  • 99 or more authors: (Zubieta et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms
ISSN (print)2195-2736
ISSN (online)2195-2744

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