How to format your references using the Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blowes D (2002) Environmental chemistry. Tracking hexavalent Cr in groundwater. Science 295:2024–2025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jing J, Wu L-A (2013) Control of decoherence with no control. Sci Rep 3:2746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sadqi M, Fushman D, Muñoz V (2006) Atom-by-atom analysis of global downhill protein folding. Nature 442:317–321.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang X, Pickin KA, Bose R, Jura N, Cole PA, Kuriyan J (2007) Inhibition of the EGF receptor by binding of MIG6 to an activating kinase domain interface. Nature 450:741–744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li F-C, Yu B, Wei J-J, Kawaguchi Y (2011) Turbulent Drag Reduction by Surfactant Additives. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
An edited book
Köbler U (2010) Renormalization Group Theory: Impact on Experimental Magnetism. Hoser A (ed) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
von Storch H (2011) Curbing the Omnipresence of Lead in the European Environment Since the 1970s: A Successful Example of Efficient Einvironmental Policy. In: Persistent Pollution – Past, Present and Future: School of Environmental Research - Organized by Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht. Quante M, Ebinghaus R, Flöser G (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 57–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Check Out This Amazing Footage Of Blue Origin’s Rocket Landing From Space. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) The Rise of Political Science. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaglen Bertrando SL (2017) Rethinking Workplace Learning in the Digital World: A Case Study of Open Badges. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) DJ Khaled Hits Top Of Billboard Chart. New York Times:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blowes 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Blowes 2002, Jing & Wu 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jing & Wu 2013)
  • Three authors: (Sadqi et al. 2006)
  • 99 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms
ISSN (print)2195-2736
ISSN (online)2195-2744

Other styles