How to format your references using the Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frommer WB (2010) Biochemistry. CO2mmon sense. Science 327:275–276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ricciardi A, Ward JM (2006) Comment on ‘Opposing effects of native and exotic herbivores on plant invasions’. Science 313:298; author reply 298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing M, Li X, Zhang J (2014) Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite. Sci Rep 4:5493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mathew G, Mitchell A, Down JM, Jacobs LA, Hamdy FC, Eaton C, Rosario DJ, Cross SS, Winder SJ (2013) Nuclear targeting of dystroglycan promotes the expression of androgen regulated transcription factors in prostate cancer. Sci Rep 3:2792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niemi V, Nyberg K (2006) Universal Mobile Telecommunications System Security. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Skouras E (2013) Stimulation of Trigeminal Afferents Improves Motor Recovery After Facial Nerve Injury: Functional, Electrophysiological and Morphological Proofs. Pavlov S, Bendella H, Angelov DN (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sidhu AS, Bellgard M (2009) Protein Data Integration Problem. In: Biomedical Data and Applications. Studies in Computational Intelligence, Sidhu AS, Dillon TS (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 55–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Is Artificial Intelligence Just Around The Corner? (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Higher Education: A Small Percentage of Families Save in 529 Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strong M (2013) Investigation and Characterization of Features on a Cretaceous-Paleogene Seismic Horizon in Northern Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin S (2013) Do You Have a Doctor’s Note? New York Times:RE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frommer 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ricciardi & Ward 2006, Frommer 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ricciardi & Ward 2006)
  • Three authors: (Xing et al. 2014)
  • 99 or more authors: (Mathew et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms
ISSN (print)2195-2736
ISSN (online)2195-2744

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