How to format your references using the Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole AA (2000) ASTRONOMY: The Distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud. Science 289:1149–1150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomita K, Weiner AM (2001) Collaboration between CC- and A-adding enzymes to build and repair the 3’-terminal CCA of tRNA in Aquifex aeolicus. Science 294:1334–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gill RJ, Ramos-Rodriguez O, Raine NE (2012) Combined pesticide exposure severely affects individual- and colony-level traits in bees. Nature 491:105–108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zeng J, Wang X, Sun J, Pandey A, Cartwright AN, Litchinitser NM (2013) Manipulating complex light with metamaterials. Sci Rep 3:2826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simiu E (2011) Design of Buildings for Wind. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Green MS, Zenilman J, Cohen D, Wiser I, Balicer RD (eds) (2007) Risk Assessment and Risk Communication Strategies in Bioterrorism Preparedness. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansson SO, Rudén C (2010) REACH: What Has Been Achieved and What Needs To Be Done? In: Regulating Chemical Risks: European and Global Challenges. Eriksson J, Gilek M, Rudén C (eds) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, p 71–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) 3D Printed Airway Saves Toddler’s Life. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Classification and Qualification Standards for the GS-1410 Library-Information Service Series. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clemons BL (2010) A correlational study of the ventures for excellence interview-rating system and first year teacher evaluations. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Fans Voice Frustration, But Mets Leave It Behind. New York Times:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cole 2000, Tomita & Weiner 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomita & Weiner 2001)
  • Three authors: (Gill et al. 2012)
  • 99 or more authors: (Zeng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms
ISSN (print)2195-2736
ISSN (online)2195-2744

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