How to format your references using the Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldberg DE (2002) Parasitology. When the host is smarter than the parasite. Science 296:482–483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell N & Grayson M (2014) Nature Index 2014 china. Nature 516:S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barta A, Dorner S & Polacek N (2001) Mechanism of ribosomal peptide bond formation. Science 291:203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Domínguez-Villar D, Carrasco RM, Pedraza J, Cheng H, Edwards RL & Willenbring JK (2013) Early maximum extent of paleoglaciers from Mediterranean mountains during the last glaciation. Sci Rep 3:2034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad K (2005) Sourcebook of ATM and IP Internetworking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nóbrega C & Rodriguez-López R eds. (2014) Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi Z, Setlur S & Govindaraju V (2012) Pre-processing Issues in Arabic OCR. In: Guide to OCR for Arabic Scripts. V. Märgner & H. El Abed (eds). Springer: London. pp. 79–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Watch Today’s Solar Eclipse LIVE From Your Computer. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership and Partnerships Needed to Address Risk of Major Disruptions. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang Y (2017) A Grant Proposal for Mindfulness-Based Self-Care Training for Child Welfare Workers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss B (2016) Like Father, Like Son. Like the Cubs? No Way! New York Times:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldberg 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Goldberg 2002; Campbell & Grayson 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell & Grayson 2014)
  • Three authors: (Barta, Dorner & Polacek 2001)
  • 99 or more authors: (Domínguez-Villar, Carrasco, Pedraza, Cheng, Edwards & Willenbring 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexuality and Early Development in Aquatic Organisms
ISSN (print)2195-2736
ISSN (online)2195-2744

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