How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Medicines citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Medicines. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Finkelstein G (2001) Essays on science and society. Romanticism, race, and recapitulation. Science 294:2101–2102
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mendelsohn ME, Karas RH (2005) Molecular and cellular basis of cardiovascular gender differences. Science 308:1583–1587
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bhowmick NA, Neilson EG, Moses HL (2004) Stromal fibroblasts in cancer initiation and progression. Nature 432:332–337
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Glorieux G, Hulko M, Speidel R, et al (2014) Looking beyond endotoxin: a comparative study of pyrogen retention by ultrafilters used for the preparation of sterile dialyis fluid. Sci Rep 4:6390

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hirsch HL (2005) Essential Communication Strategies for Scientists, Engineers, and Technology Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Whitacre DM (2009) Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 199. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Meyer B (2015) An Automatic Technique for Static Deadlock Prevention. In: Voronkov A, Virbitskaite I (eds) Perspectives of System Informatics: 9th International Ershov Informatics Conference, PSI 2014, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 24-27, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Medicines.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Why Do Human Children Stay So Small For So Long? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1993) Systemwide Education Reform: Federal Leadership Could Facilitate District-Level Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Smith C (2013) The affect of acculturation on obesity among foreign-born Asians residing in the United States. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO (2016) The Rough Read That Was ‘Ulysses.’ New York Times C25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Medicines
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Med.
ISSN (print)1340-3443
ISSN (online)1861-0293
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Organic Chemistry
General Medicine
Complementary and alternative medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles