How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Apeloig, Y. (2011). Chemistry. The diamond within a silicon analog of cyclobutadiene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6022), 1277–1278.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falkowski, P. G., & Isozaki, Y. (2008). Geology. The story of O2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5901), 540–542.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi, K., Hasegawa, J., & Matsunaga, S. (2013). The boundary of the meristematic and elongation zones in roots: endoreduplication precedes rapid cell expansion. Scientific reports, 3, 2723.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Levin-Zaidman, S., Englander, J., Shimoni, E., Sharma, A. K., Minton, K. W., & Minsky, A. (2003). Ringlike structure of the Deinococcus radiodurans genome: a key to radioresistance? Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5604), 254–256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). (2011). Supplemental Proceedings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huffnagle, G. B., & Noverr, M. C. (Eds.). (2008). GI Microbiota and Regulation of the Immune System (Vol. 635). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Toh, S., Itano, T., & Satoh, K. (2005). Co-Supporting Cycle: Sustaining Mechanism of Large-Scale Structures and Near-Wall Structures in Channel Flow Turbulence. In T. Mullin & R. Kerswell (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Laminar-Turbulent Transition and Finite Amplitude Solutions (pp. 71–83). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, May 12). SpaceX Has Released 3 Camera Views Of Its Latest Rocket Barge Landing. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Information Technology: An Audit Guide For Assessing Acquisition Risks (No. IMTEC-8.1.4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anyaoha, A. L. (2013). Surgical time-out: A nursing team training approach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, February 7). The Chef Providing a Comic Garnish to the Grammys. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Apeloig 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Apeloig 2011; Falkowski and Isozaki 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falkowski and Isozaki 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Levin-Zaidman et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics
ISSN (print)1389-6563
ISSN (online)1573-6962

Other styles