How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, P. U. (2002). Early deglaciation in the tropical Andes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 7; discussion 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alekseyenko, A. A., & Kuroda, M. I. (2004). Molecular biology. Filling gaps in genome organization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5661), 1148–1149.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Pollack, H. N., & Shen, P. Y. (2000). Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures. Nature, 403(6771), 756–758.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Formisano, E., De Martino, F., Bonte, M., & Goebel, R. (2008). “Who” is saying “what”? Brain-based decoding of human voice and speech. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5903), 970–973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wahbi, M. (2013). Algorithms and Ordering Heuristics for Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rodríguez-Arana Muñoz, J. (Ed.). (2016). Recognition of Foreign Administrative Acts (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 10). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Stenbacka, S. (2012). “The Rural” Intervening in the Lives of Internal and International Migrants: Migrants, Biographies and Translocal Practices. In C. Hedberg & R. M. do Carmo (Eds.), Translocal Ruralism: Mobility and Connectivity in European Rural Spaces (pp. 55–72). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 1). Tesla Batteries: Just The Beginning Of How Technology Will Transform The Electric Grid. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Land Management Systems: BLM Faces Risks in Completing the Automated Land and Mineral Record System (No. AIMD-97-42). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Claar, P. L. (2017). A Correlational Study Comparing the Relationship between School Leader Intercultural Development, Selected Demographic Variables, and Student Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fiske, I. H. (1907, April 13). ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE. New York Times, p. SATURDAY REVIEW OF BOOKSBR233.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Alekseyenko and Kuroda 2004; Clark 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alekseyenko and Kuroda 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Formisano et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics
ISSN (print)1389-6563
ISSN (online)1573-6962

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