How to format your references using the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (JGP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E. 2002. National academies slam Bush proposal for data security. Nature. 419(6909): 769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rock JR, Hogan BLM. 2010. Developmental biology. Branching takes nerve. Science. 329(5999): 1610–1611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allen M, Raper S, Mitchell J. 2001. Climate change. Uncertainty in the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report. Science. 293(5529): 430–433.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cooper G, Kimmich N, Belisle W, Sarinana J, Brabham K, Garrel L. 2001. Carbonaceous meteorites as a source of sugar-related organic compounds for the early Earth. Nature. 414(6866): 879–883.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari S. 2013. Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, USA.
An edited book
Stock C, Ellaway A (eds.). 2013. Neighbourhood Structure and Health Promotion. Springer US: Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao Y, Yi C, Kong SG, Pan Q, Cheng Y. 2016. Multi-band Polarization Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function. In: Multi-band Polarization Imaging and Applications. Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern RecognitionYi, C., Kong, S. G., Pan, Q., and Cheng, Y. (eds.) Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg: 73–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Dinosaurs May Have Evolved Up To 20 Million Years Earlier Than Thought. IFLScience. IFLScienceAvailable at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. An Analysis of Concerns in Federal Education Programs: Duplication of Services and Administrative Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs E. 2017. Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor. Doctoral dissertationCalifornia State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2008. Court Allows Suit Against Drug Maker. New York Times. 4th March: A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2002; Rock and Hogan, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rock and Hogan, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Cooper et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
AbbreviationInt. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0885-6230
ISSN (online)1099-1166
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles