How to format your references using the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (JGP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claverie J-M. 2005. Fewer genes, more noncoding RNA. Science. 309(5740): 1529–1530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yashin VV, Balazs AC. 2006. Pattern formation and shape changes in self-oscillating polymer gels. Science. 314(5800): 798–801.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang S, Bai M, Wang L. 2013. General and facile surface functionalization of hydrophobic nanocrystals with poly(amino acid) for cell luminescence imaging. Sci Rep. 3: 2023.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang X, Chen H, Yin H, Kim SS, Lin Tan S, Gosden RG. 2002. Fertility after intact ovary transplantation. Nature. 415(6870): 385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunnell T. 2016. From World City to the World in One City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Moreno Díaz R, Pichler F, Quesada Arencibia A (eds.). 2005. Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2005: 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Systems Theory, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 7 – 11, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceSpringer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kurtis M, Logishetty K, Martinez-Martin P. 2011. An in-Depth Look at the Non Motor Symptom Scale. In: Handbook of Non-Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease. Martinez-Martin, P., Odin, P., and Antonini, A. (eds.) Springer Healthcare UK: Heidelberg: 37–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Plague Victim Skeletons Reveal Secrets Of The Black Death. IFLScience. IFLScienceAvailable at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. NSF Review: Review Process for the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Pipeline Study. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malkus N. 2012. Beneath the district averages: Intradistrict differences in teacher compensation expenditures. Doctoral dissertationUniversity of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bulkeley K. 2013. Data-Mining Our Dreams. New York Times. 20th October: SR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Claverie, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Claverie, 2005; Yashin and Balazs, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yashin and Balazs, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
AbbreviationInt. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0885-6230
ISSN (online)1099-1166
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles