How to format your references using the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (JGP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gotta M. 2010. Journal club. A cell biologist connects her research to bacterial brain invasion. Nature. 463(7278): 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mo F, Dong G. 2014. C-H bond activation. Regioselective ketone α-alkylation with simple olefins via dual activation. Science. 345(6192): 68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naumov II, Bellaiche L, Fu H. 2004. Unusual phase transitions in ferroelectric nanodisks and nanorods. Nature. 432(7018): 737–740.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dong C, Juedes AE, Temann UA, et al. 2001. ICOS co-stimulatory receptor is essential for T-cell activation and function. Nature. 409(6816): 97–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman SH. 2006. ESD. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz M, Gómez JA, Vélez-Torres F, Rueda-Armengot C (eds.). 2016. Education Tools for Entrepreneurship: Creating an Action-Learning Environment through Educational Learning Tools. Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge ManagementSpringer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu T, Zhou J, Wang Y. 2011. A Variation of Local Directional Pattern and Its Application for Facial Expression Recognition. In: Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition: International Conference, SIP 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011 Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information ScienceKim, T.-H., Adeli, H., Ramos, C., and Kang, B.-H. (eds.) Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg: 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2016. What We Learned From Chernobyl About How Radiation Affects Our Bodies. IFLScience. IFLScienceAvailable at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. U.S.-EC Aircraft Agreement. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett JL. 2013. An examination of therapeutic recreation programs for veterans with combat-related disabilities and their families. Doctoral dissertationIndiana University: Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2013. New York City Marathon to Have Tighter Security. New York Times. 3rd October: B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gotta, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gotta, 2010; Mo and Dong, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mo and Dong, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
AbbreviationInt. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0885-6230
ISSN (online)1099-1166
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles