How to format your references using the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (JGP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Germain RN. 2001. The art of the probable: system control in the adaptive immune system. Science. 293(5528): 240–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubio V, Deng XW. 2007. Plant science. Standing on the shoulders of GIGANTEA. Science. 318(5848): 206–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kayser MS, Yue Z, Sehgal A. 2014. A critical period of sleep for development of courtship circuitry and behavior in Drosophila. Science. 344(6181): 269–274.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kemper C, Chan AC, Green JM, Brett KA, Murphy KM, Atkinson JP. 2003. Activation of human CD4+ cells with CD3 and CD46 induces a T-regulatory cell 1 phenotype. Nature. 421(6921): 388–392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Ruyet D, Pischella M. 2015. Digital Communications 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hazelwood RR (ed.). 2015. Wives of Child Molesters Within the Family. SpringerBriefs in PsychologySpringer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Trobaugh JJ, Lowe M. 2012. Moving Data. In: Winning LEGO MINDSTORMS Programming. Lowe, M. (ed.) Apress: Berkeley, CA: 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2016. Modern Slavery Is Destroying The Environment – To Meet Demand For Shrimps And Pet Food. IFLScience. IFLScienceAvailable at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Mass Transit Grants: Scarce Federal Funds Misused in UMTA’s Philadelphia Region. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford J. 2010. What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption. Doctoral dissertationFlorida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 2012. Drop Out, Dive In, Start Up. New York Times. 16th September: BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Germain, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Germain, 2001; Rubio and Deng, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubio and Deng, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kemper et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
AbbreviationInt. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0885-6230
ISSN (online)1099-1166
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles