How to format your references using the Publishing Research Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Publishing Research Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gammon K. Drugs: Blood battles. Nature. 2013;493:S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bakkenist CJ, Kastan MB. DNA damage activates ATM through intermolecular autophosphorylation and dimer dissociation. Nature. 2003;421:499–506.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schmidt MW, Spero HJ, Lea DW. Links between salinity variation in the Caribbean and North Atlantic thermohaline circulation. Nature. 2004;428:160–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Popeijus H, Overmars H, Jones J, Blok V, Goverse A, Helder J, et al. Degradation of plant cell walls by a nematode. Nature. 2000;406:36–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Casper D. Hollywood Film 1963-1976. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Azémard N, Svensson L, editors. Integrated Circuit and System Design. Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation: 17th International Workshop, PATMOS 2007, Gothenburg, Sweden, September 3-5, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ralston SJ. Getting It Out on the Net: Decentralized Networked Learning Through Online Pre-publication. In: Jandrić P, Boras D, editors. Critical Learning in Digital Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Publishing Research Quarterly.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. NASA Spots Mysterious Flashes Of Light High In The Atmosphere [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-spots-mysterious-flashes-of-light-high-in-the-atmosphere/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP, IRM & Telecommunications, 1985. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Mar. Report No.: IMTEC-86-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Goldner VR. Arizona nurses’ attitudes toward legislated minimum staffing ratios: Impact on the workplace [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Mere Bits of Skimpy Plastic Are Hits at Sample Sale Day. New York Times. 2000 Jul 2;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublishing Research Quarterly
AbbreviationPubl. Res. Q.
ISSN (print)1053-8801
ISSN (online)1936-4792
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Marketing
Computer Science Applications
Media Technology
Communication

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