How to format your references using the Publishing Research Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Publishing Research Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wegner G. Cosmology: gravity tested on large scales. Nature. 2011;477:541–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stein S, Liu M. Long aftershock sequences within continents and implications for earthquake hazard assessment. Nature. 2009;462:87–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tran J, Brenner TJ, DiNardo S. Somatic control over the germline stem cell lineage during Drosophila spermatogenesis. Nature. 2000;407:754–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Q, Gao P, Wang X, Duan Y. The early diagnosis and monitoring of squamous cell carcinoma via saliva metabolomics. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. P. Wen E, Ellis R, S. Pujar N. Vaccine Development and Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Huang Z. Theory of Parallel Mechanisms. Li Q, Ding H, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kerzner DS, Chodikoff DW. International Tax Enforcement in the United States. In: Chodikoff DW, editor. International Tax Evasion in the Global Information Age. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 153–205.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Publishing Research Quarterly.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. A Robot You Can Wear Could Help Carry Heavy Loads. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia: Performance Report Shows Continued Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 May. Report No.: GAO-03-693.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Warner T. California Assembly Bill 2404 Fair Play in Community Sports Act compliance procedures manual [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin J. Political Bite Gives Colbert Ratings Edge Over Fallon. New York Times. 2017 Feb 7;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublishing Research Quarterly
AbbreviationPubl. Res. Q.
ISSN (print)1053-8801
ISSN (online)1936-4792
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Marketing
Computer Science Applications
Media Technology
Communication

Other styles