How to format your references using the Publishing Research Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Publishing Research Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marec F. Developmental genetics: Female silkworms have the sex factor. Nature. 2014;509:570–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chin L, Gray JW. Translating insights from the cancer genome into clinical practice. Nature. 2008;452:553–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Carazo-Salas RE, Antony C, Nurse P. The kinesin Klp2 mediates polarization of interphase microtubules in fission yeast. Science. 2005;309:297–300.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dortmans JCFM, Dekkers J, Wickramasinghe INA, Verheije MH, Rottier PJM, van Kuppeveld FJM, et al. Adaptation of novel H7N9 influenza A virus to human receptors. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Perez A. Voice Over LTE. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Bilimoria P, Hemmingsen M, editors. Comparative Philosophy and J.L. Shaw. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gordon KC, Fraser-Miller SJ. Raman Spectroscopy. In: Müllertz A, Perrie Y, Rades T, editors. Analytical Techniques in the Pharmaceutical Sciences. New York, NY: Springer; 2016. p. 139–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Publishing Research Quarterly.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Newly Discovered Rocky Planet Expands Our Search For Habitable Worlds. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Women in the Workplace: An Annotated Bibliography. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Jul. Report No.: 113319.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lin TS. The invisible “religious” minority: Working with the nonreligious bereaved [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Davey M, Walsh MW. One Judge to Decide the Future of Detroit. New York Times. 2014 Aug 31;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublishing Research Quarterly
AbbreviationPubl. Res. Q.
ISSN (print)1053-8801
ISSN (online)1936-4792
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Marketing
Computer Science Applications
Media Technology
Communication

Other styles