How to format your references using the Annual Review of Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pagel M. 2008. Rise of the digital machine. Nature. 452(7188):699
A journal article with 2 authors
Fei Y, Bertka C. 2005. Planetary science. The interior of Mars. Science. 308(5725):1120–21
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferguson NM, Donnelly CA, Anderson RM. 2001. Transmission intensity and impact of control policies on the foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain. Nature. 413(6855):542–48
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang Z, Xu Y, Xu T, Hoy CW, Handwerker DA, et al. 2014. Brain network informed subject community detection in early-onset schizophrenia. Sci. Rep. 4:5549

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morton A, Mengersen K, Whitby M, Playford G. 2013. Statistical Methods for Hospital Monitoring with R. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
An edited book
Dalamagkidis K. 2012. On Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace System: Issues, Challenges, Operational Restrictions, Certification, and Recommendations, Vol. 54. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XX, 308 p pp. Second updated edition ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Anderson JB, Beekman RH, Martin GR, Lannon C. 2015. Quality Improvement in Pediatric Cardiology: The National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative. In Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Care: Volume 2: Quality Improvement and Patient Safety, ed PR Barach, JP Jacobs, SE Lipshultz, PC Laussen, pp. 51–67. London: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Immunology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. Spiral Galaxies Aren’t The Only Ones With Spiral Shapes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Highway Safety: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Implement Changes in the Highway Safety Improvement Program Since SAFETEA-LU. GAO-08-1015T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kellogg A. 2010. Hospital Lean and Six Sigma: Is there a financial benefit? Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2011. Paterno at the End: Far From the Coach We Thought We Knew. New York Times, Nov. 11, p. B18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Immunology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0732-0582
ISSN (online)1545-3278
Immunology and Allergy

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