How to format your references using the Annual Review of Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cyranoski D. 2003. Biologist gets minimum sentence in “espionage” case. Nature. 423(6940):575
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Guo Z, Ohlstein B. 2015. Stem cell regulation. Bidirectional Notch signaling regulates Drosophila intestinal stem cell multipotency. Science. 350(6263):
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Benham-Pyle BW, Pruitt BL, Nelson WJ. 2015. Cell adhesion. Mechanical strain induces E-cadherin-dependent Yap1 and β-catenin activation to drive cell cycle entry. Science. 348(6238):1024–27
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kimple RJ, Kimple ME, Betts L, Sondek J, Siderovski DP. 2002. Structural determinants for GoLoco-induced inhibition of nucleotide release by Galpha subunits. Nature. 416(6883):878–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Irene EA. 2005. Electronic Materials Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1.
Hyvärinen A. 2009. Natural Image Statistics: A Probabilistic Approach to Early Computational Vision, Vol. 39. London: Springer. XIX, 448 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vinel A, Artières T. 2013. Maximizing Edit Distance Accuracy with Hidden Conditional Random Fields. In Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 15th International Conference, CAIP 2013, York, UK, August 27-29, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, ed R Wilson, E Hancock, A Bors, W Smith, pp. 45–53. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. 2016. NASA Is Setting Up A Solar System-Wide Internet Connection. IFLScience

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Federal Short Takeoff and Landing Transport Programs: Status and Needs. 101787, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Emenyonu NI. 2012. Barriers to HIV care in rural Uganda. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Branch J. 2016. Playing a Beautiful Game. New York Times, Oct. 25, p. B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Immunology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0732-0582
ISSN (online)1545-3278
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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