How to format your references using the International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Danger B (2007) Don’t stop me now. Nature 445:334–335
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Safinya CR, Li Y (2010) Materials science. Bundling with x-rays. Science 327:529–530
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chávez AE, Singer JH, Diamond JS (2006) Fast neurotransmitter release triggered by Ca influx through AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Nature 443:705–708
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Yan S, Wu Y-T, Zhang B, et al (2007) Do vibrational excitations of CHD3 preferentially promote reactivity toward the chlorine atom? Science 316:1723–1726

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fliszár S (2008) Atomic Charges, Bond Properties, and Molecular Energies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Inoue K, Ohwada H, Yamamoto A (2016) Inductive Logic Programming: 25th International Conference, ILP 2015, Kyoto, Japan, August 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Slee B (2007) Landscape goods and services related to forestry land use. In: Mander Ü, Wiggering H, Helming K (eds) Multifunctional Land Use: Meeting Future Demands for Landscape Goods and Services. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) The Water Industry Needs To Join The Fight Against Superbugs. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/water-industry-needs-join-fight-against-superbugs/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) The Post-Implementation Review. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Anderson SL (2008) Ninth grade transition: Best practices for a successful transition to high school. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Risen J, Rosenberg M (2017) President Wants Ally to Review U.S. Spy Agencies. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering
ISSN (print)2199-9260
ISSN (online)2199-9279
Scope

Other styles