How to format your references using the International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ray T (2010) Astronomy. Cosmic rays from cosmic birth. Science 330:1184–1185
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jiao L, Liu X (2015) Structural basis of histone H3K27 trimethylation by an active polycomb repressive complex 2. Science 350:aac4383
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wood ZA, Poole LB, Karplus PA (2003) Peroxiredoxin evolution and the regulation of hydrogen peroxide signaling. Science 300:650–653
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Jiao Y, Shi C, Edil BH, et al (2011) DAXX/ATRX, MEN1, and mTOR pathway genes are frequently altered in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Science 331:1199–1203

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vitale J, Len IH (2008) Zero Limits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Moss J, Pini B (2016) Visual Research Methods in Educational Research. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kwasnicka H, Szpunar-Huk E (2006) Genetic Programming in Data Modelling. In: Nedjah N, Mourelle L de M, Abraham A (eds) Genetic Systems Programming: Theory and Experiences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 105–130

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Size Doesn’t Matter For Voracious Little Galaxies. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/size-doesn-t-matter-for-voracious-little-galaxies/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1987) [Comments on Applicability of Grant-Back Provision of General Education Provisions Act to Library Services and Construction Act Programs]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Aparicio EM (2015) Examining Latina/o STEM degree aspirations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwartz J (2016) Scientists Search for Global Warming’s Role as Hurricanes Return in Force. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering
ISSN (print)2199-9260
ISSN (online)2199-9279
Scope

Other styles