How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scholz, B.C., 2002. Innateness. Nature 415, 739.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hernanz, M., Sala, G., 2002. A classical nova, V2487 Oph 1998, seen in x-rays before and after its explosion. Science 298, 393–395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nguyen, V.Q., Co, C., Li, J.J., 2001. Cyclin-dependent kinases prevent DNA re-replication through multiple mechanisms. Nature 411, 1068–1073.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gonzalez, F., Delahodde, A., Kodadek, T., Johnston, S.A., 2002. Recruitment of a 19S proteasome subcomplex to an activated promoter. Science 296, 548–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme, R., 2014. Flows and Chemical Reactions in Heterogeneous Mixtures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cambria, E., 2015. Sentic Computing: A Common-Sense-Based Framework for Concept-Level Sentiment Analysis, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Socio-Affective Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fan, M.-L., Chen, Y.-N., Su, P., Chuang, C.-T., 2016. Challenges and Designs of TFET for Digital Applications, in: Zhang, L., Chan, M. (Eds.), Tunneling Field Effect Transistor Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 89–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Scientists Say We Shouldn’t Resurrect Prehistoric Beasts From Beyond The Grave [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Comments on S. 1961, a Bill Cited as the “Higher Education Amendments of 1980” (No. B-197030). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alajmi, H., 2012. Pre-Islamic Poetry and Speech Act Theory: Al-A`shá, Bishr ibn Abī Khāzim, and al-Hujayjah (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Charleston Chews And Sugar Babies: Fistfuls of Nostalgia. New York Times NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scholz, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hernanz and Sala, 2002; Scholz, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hernanz and Sala, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Gonzalez et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0168-1605
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine

Other styles