How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turrigiano, G., 2014. Neurobiology: Keeping a lid on it. Nature 511, 297–298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hug, C., Lodish, H.F., 2005. Medicine. Visfatin: a new adipokine. Science 307, 366–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, F., Lam, C.-H., Tsui, O.K.C., 2014. Materials science. The surface mobility of glasses. Science 343, 975–976.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baker, B.J., Tyson, G.W., Webb, R.I., Flanagan, J., Hugenholtz, P., Allen, E.E., Banfield, J.F., 2006. Lineages of acidophilic archaea revealed by community genomic analysis. Science 314, 1933–1935.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J.D.H., Romanowska, A.B., 1999. Post-Modern Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Badouel, E., 2015. Petri Net Synthesis, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Texts in Theoretical Computer Science. An EATCS Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Elzinga, A., 2010. An Evaluation of the Achievements of the First International Polar Year, in: Barr, S., Luedecke, C. (Eds.), The History of the International Polar Years (IPYs), From Pole to Pole. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 109–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Wasps Make Caterpillar Mummies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Title I Program: Stronger Accountability Needed for Performance of Disadvantaged Students (No. HEHS-00-89). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins, L., 2009. A community risk assessment of the 90062 zip code (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. A Friend’s Mistake, An Understudy’s Chance. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turrigiano, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hug and Lodish, 2005; Turrigiano, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hug and Lodish, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Baker et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0168-1605
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine

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