How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willcox, G., 2013. Anthropology. The roots of cultivation in southwestern Asia. Science 341, 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hinton, G.E., Salakhutdinov, R.R., 2006. Reducing the dimensionality of data with neural networks. Science 313, 504–507.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön, J.H., Meng, H., Bao, Z., 2001. Field-effect modulation of the conductance of single molecules. Science 294, 2138–2140.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X., Zhu, H., Liu, X., Yang, F., Yang, X., 2013. Egg white coagulum: a precisely tailorable membrane for biomimetic multilevel structured nanomaterials. Sci. Rep. 3, 1464.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ishiyama, J.T., 2011. Comparative Politics. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Srinivasan, S., 2013. Thermodiffusion in Multicomponent Mixtures: Thermodynamic, Algebraic, and Neuro-Computing Models, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens, P.J.J., 2006. Information and Communications Technology, Regulations and Growth: Theory and Key Policy Issues, in: Welfens, P.J.J., Knipping, F., Chirathivat, S., Ryan, C. (Eds.), Integration in Asia and Europe: Historical Dynamics, Political Issues, and Economic Perspectives. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Quasars Not So Complicated [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. ADP Acquisition: SEC Needs To Resolve Key Issues Before Proceeding With Its EDGAR System (No. IMTEC-87-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsang, S.D., 2012. The depth range of azimuthal anisotropy beneath Southern California via analyses of long-period Rayleigh-waves (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Dinardo, K., 2017. For Dianne Whelan, No Trail Is Too Long or Hard. New York Times TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willcox, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hinton and Salakhutdinov, 2006; Willcox, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hinton and Salakhutdinov, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0168-1605
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine

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