How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fink, D.W., Jr, 2009. FDA regulation of stem cell-based products. Science 324, 1662–1663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dibner, C., Schibler, U., 2015. METABOLISM. A pancreatic clock times insulin release. Science 350, 628–629.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mili, S., Moissoglu, K., Macara, I.G., 2008. Genome-wide screen reveals APC-associated RNAs enriched in cell protrusions. Nature 453, 115–119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pai, R.A., Humayun, R., Schulberg, M.T., Sengupta, A., Sun, J.-N., Watkins, J.J., 2004. Mesoporous silicates prepared using preorganized templates in supercritical fluids. Science 303, 507–510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ippolito, L.J., Jr., 2008. Satellite Communications Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Klok, H.-A., Schlaad, H. (Eds.), 2006. Peptide Hybrid Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mu, G.M., 2016. Negotiating Chineseness and Capitalising on Resources Through Learning Chinese Heritage Language: Habitus and Capital in Fields, in: Robertson, M., Tsang, P.K.E. (Eds.), Everyday Knowledge, Education and Sustainable Futures: Transdisciplinary Approaches in the Asia-Pacific Region, Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects. Springer, Singapore, pp. 41–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Small Tropical Islands Could Become The World’s First 100% Renewable Nations [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Use of Civilian Agencies’ Aircraft for Passenger Transportation (No. T-GGD-88-52). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rayford, S., 2014. A Qualitative Analysis of Mentoring Experiences and Perceptions of Female Students Enrolled in a Doctoral Program in Education at a Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D., 2011. Starting Out in the ’70s. New York Times BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fink, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dibner and Schibler, 2015; Fink, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dibner and Schibler, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Pai et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0168-1605
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine

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