How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bargmann, C.I., 2006. Comparative chemosensation from receptors to ecology. Nature 444, 295–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fishman, L., Saunders, A., 2008. Centromere-associated female meiotic drive entails male fitness costs in monkeyflowers. Science 322, 1559–1562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acquisti, A., Brandimarte, L., Loewenstein, G., 2015. Privacy and human behavior in the age of information. Science 347, 509–514.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Loos, R.J.F., Barroso, I., O’rahilly, S., Wareham, N.J., 2007. Comment on “A common genetic variant is associated with adult and childhood obesity.” Science 315, 187; author reply 187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Windom, C.A., Sr., Gaidhani, H., Fontana, A., 2010. Virtualizing. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Blot, J., 2014. Infinite-Horizon Optimal Control in the Discrete-Time Framework, SpringerBriefs in Optimization. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Mack, K.A., Guerrero, A.P.S., 2008. Sexuality Throughout the Life Cycle, in: Guerrero, A., Piasecki, M. (Eds.), Problem-Based Behavioral Science and Psychiatry. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 67–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Scientists Are Going To March On Washington [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Food Assistance: Computerized Information Matching Could Reduce Fraud and Abuse in the Food Stamp Program (No. T-RCED-98-254). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villa, J., 2017. Multicultural Training for Mental Health Professionals Working in the Juvenile Justice System (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bargmann, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bargmann, 2006; Fishman and Saunders, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fishman and Saunders, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Loos et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0168-1605
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine

Other styles