How to format your references using the International Journal of Ethics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ethics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright, Jessica. 2014. Genetics: Unravelling complexity. Nature 508: S6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frieda, Kirsten L., and Steven M. Block. 2012. Direct observation of cotranscriptional folding in an adenine riboswitch. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338: 397–400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stollewerk, Angelika, Michael Schoppmeier, and Wim G. M. Damen. 2003. Involvement of Notch and Delta genes in spider segmentation. Nature 423: 863–865.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Levison, Harold F., William F. Bottke, Matthieu Gounelle, Alessandro Morbidelli, David Nesvorný, and Kleomenis Tsiganis. 2009. Contamination of the asteroid belt by primordial trans-Neptunian objects. Nature 460: 364–366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alsop, Auldeen. 2013. Continuing Professional Development in Health and Social Care. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Islam, Tanvir, Prashant K. Srivastava, Manika Gupta, Xuan Zhu, and Saumitra Mukherjee, ed. 2014. Computational Intelligence Techniques in Earth and Environmental Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Barkalov, Alexander, and Larysa Titarenko. 2008. Synthesis of compositional microprogram control units with object transformation. In Logic Synthesis for Compositional Microprogram Control Units, ed. Alexander Barkalov and Larysa Titarenko, 137–157. Lecture Notes Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ethics Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. First Child Born To Woman Who Had Ovary Tissue Removed And Frozen During Childhood. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Comparison of Amtrak Employee Injury Settlement Costs Under the Federal Employers’ Liability Act and State Workers’ Compensation Programs. T-RCED-88-49. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, Latasha Irene. 2017. Empowering African American Youth Who Live in Foster Care: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams, and Michael Cooper. 2013. Big Teachers’ Fund to Sell Its Gun Shares. New York Times, January 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Frieda and Block 2012; Wright 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frieda and Block 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Levison et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ethics Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Ethics Educ.
ISSN (print)2363-9997
ISSN (online)2364-0006

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