How to format your references using the International Journal of Ethics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ethics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benton, Richard. 2009. Eppendorf winner. Evolution and revolution in odor detection. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326: 382–383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Zhong Lin, and Jinhui Song. 2006. Piezoelectric nanogenerators based on zinc oxide nanowire arrays. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312: 242–246.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, Bin, Jon R. Parquette, and T. V. RajanBabu. 2009. Regiodivergent ring opening of chiral aziridines. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326: 1662.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chang, Bingsheng, Yue Chen, Yingming Zhao, and Richard K. Bruick. 2007. JMJD6 is a histone arginine demethylase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 444–447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, Gerd. 2012. Geotechnik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Cho, William C. S., ed. 2011. Evidence-based Anticancer Materia Medica. Evidence-Based Anticancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Chesney, Marc, Jonathan Gheyssens, and Luca Taschini. 2013. The Finance of Environmental Investments. In Environmental Finance and Investments, ed. Jonathan Gheyssens and Luca Taschini, 93–146. Springer Texts in Business and Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ethics Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. Millions Of Black Holes Might Be Hiding In The Milky Way. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 28.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Computer Matching Act: OMB and Selected Agencies Need to Ensure Consistent Implementation. GAO-14-44. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dennard, Brook. 2017. The Impact of Racial Centrality on Authenticity and the Race-Based Impression Management Strategies of Black Management Consultants. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2006. For $37.5 Million, the Piano Man’s Estate. New York Times, October 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benton 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wang and Song 2006; Benton 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Song 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ethics Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Ethics Educ.
ISSN (print)2363-9997
ISSN (online)2364-0006

Other styles