How to format your references using the International Journal of Ethics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ethics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, Peter J. 2011. Cell signaling. Every bit counts. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334: 321–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cisek, Paul, and John F. Kalaska. 2004. Neural correlates of mental rehearsal in dorsal premotor cortex. Nature 431: 993–996.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayya, Ashwij, Anuradha Banerjee, and R. Rajesh. 2013. Mammalian cortical bone in tension is non-Haversian. Scientific reports 3: 2533.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu, Chunfei, Zichun Wang, Paul T. Williams, and Jun Huang. 2013. Renewable hydrogen and carbon nanotubes from biodiesel waste glycerol. Scientific reports 3: 2742.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raju, K. S. N. 2011. Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, Chenggang, and Albert Cohen, ed. 2013. Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies: 10th International Symposium, APPT 2013, Stockholm, Sweden, August 27-28, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 8299. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nikolos, Ioannis K., Eleftherios S. Zografos, and Athina N. Brintaki. 2007. UAV Path Planning Using Evolutionary Algorithms. In Innovations in Intelligent Machines - 1, ed. Javaan Singh Chahl, Lakhmi C. Jain, Akiko Mizutani, and Mika Sato-Ilic, 77–111. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ethics Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. First United Nations Space Mission To Launch On A Space Plane In 2021. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Mass Transit Grants: Scarce Federal Funds Misused in UMTA’s Philadelphia Region. RCED-91-107. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PerLee-Lange, Dene L. 2010. An introduction to the juvenile dependency court process and the child welfare system: A curriculum for parents. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, Serge F. 2016. Tracking an Elusive Diary From Hitler’s Inner Circle. New York Times, March 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cisek and Kalaska 2004; Thomas 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cisek and Kalaska 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ethics Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Ethics Educ.
ISSN (print)2363-9997
ISSN (online)2364-0006

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