How to format your references using the International Journal of Ethics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ethics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laursen, Lucas. 2008. SCIENCE CAREERS: Geoscientists in High Demand in the Oil Industry. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 857–859.
A journal article with 2 authors
McFarland, Eric W., and Jing Tang. 2003. A photovoltaic device structure based on internal electron emission. Nature 421: 616–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lindenmayer, David B., William F. Laurance, and Jerry F. Franklin. 2012. Ecology. Global decline in large old trees. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338: 1305–1306.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hoffmann, D. L., C. D. Standish, M. García-Diez, P. B. Pettitt, J. A. Milton, J. Zilhão, J. J. Alcolea-González, et al. 2018. Response to Comment on “U-Th dating of carbonate crusts reveals Neandertal origin of Iberian cave art.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes, B. Kim. 2015. Exercising Influence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Holzinger, Andreas, and Klaus Miesenberger, ed. 2009. HCI and Usability for e-Inclusion: 5th Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering of the Austrian Computer Society, USAB 2009, Linz, Austria, November 9-10, 2009 Proceedings. Vol. 5889. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Davenport, Alice. 2016. “Beauty Sleeping in the Lap of Horror”: Landscape Aesthetics and Gothic Pleasures, from The Castle of Otranto to Video Games. In Gothic Landscapes: Changing Eras, Changing Cultures, Changing Anxieties, ed. Sharon Rose Yang and Kathleen Healey, 71–103. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ethics Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. There Are Now Just Four Northern White Rhinos Left On Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Aviation Security: TSA Has Enhanced Its Explosives Detection Requirements for Checked Baggage, but Additional Screening Actions Are Needed. GAO-11-740. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finnegan, Roger J. 2010. Information food webs: A quantitative inquiry using a biological food web methodology. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin. 1999. Master of Her Cub Den at 82. New York Times, March 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Starr 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hough 2009; Parak 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McFarland and Tang 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Verschuren et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ethics Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Ethics Educ.
ISSN (print)2363-9997
ISSN (online)2364-0006

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