How to format your references using the International Journal of Ethics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ethics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daiger, Stephen P. 2005. Genetics. Was the Human Genome Project worth the effort? Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 362–364.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gentner, Timothy Q., and Daniel Margoliash. 2003. Neuronal populations and single cells representing learned auditory objects. Nature 424: 669–674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Lifan, Dietrich Baade, and Ferdinando Patat. 2007. Spectropolarimetric diagnostics of thermonuclear supernova explosions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315: 212–214.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Hong, Linda Westin, Yi Nong, Shari Birnbaum, Jacob Bendor, Hjalmar Brismar, Eric Nestler, Anita Aperia, Marc Flajolet, and Paul Greengard. 2009. Norbin is an endogenous regulator of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326: 1554–1557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli, Joseph R., and Jonathan R. Peters. 2016. Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Knobloch, Petr, ed. 2015. Boundary and Interior Layers, Computational and Asymptotic Methods - BAIL 2014. Vol. 108. Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ogawa, Kazuhiko, Shogo Ishiuchi, and Sadayuki Murayama. 2011. Brain Metastases from Breast Cancer: Treatment and Prognosis. In Tumors of the Central Nervous system, Volume 3: Brain Tumors (Part 1), ed. M. A. Hayat, 47–52. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ethics Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. The Mysterious Missing Magnetic Monopole. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 15.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Federal Internal Control and Financial Management Systems: Major Reform Efforts Are Needed. T-AFMD-90-14. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Snyder, Quddus Z. 2010. From anarchy to confederacy: A theory of international politics. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, Linda. 2017. Two Different Cultures, One Modern Marriage. New York Times, July 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Daiger 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gentner and Margoliash 2003; Daiger 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gentner and Margoliash 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ethics Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Ethics Educ.
ISSN (print)2363-9997
ISSN (online)2364-0006

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