How to format your references using the International Journal of Epilepsy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Epilepsy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gershon D. Malaria research tools up for the future. Nature. 2002;419(6906):4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lu TT, Cyster JG. Integrin-mediated long-term B cell retention in the splenic marginal zone. Science. 2002;297(5580):409-412.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Waelti P, Dickinson A, Schultz W. Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory. Nature. 2001;412(6842):43-48.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mora JR, Bono MR, Manjunath N, et al. Selective imprinting of gut-homing T cells by Peyer’s patch dendritic cells. Nature. 2003;424(6944):88-93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lacalle D. Life in the Financial Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Gerlee P. Scientific Models: Red Atoms, White Lies and Black Boxes in a Yellow Book. (Lundh T, ed.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ho-Yan B, Lubitz WD, Ehlers C, Hertlein J. Field Investigations in Cameroon Towards a More Appropriate Design of a Renewable Energy Pico Hydro System for Rural Electrification. In: Bolay J-C, Hostettler S, Hazboun E, eds. Technologies for Sustainable Development: A Way to Reduce Poverty?. Springer International Publishing; 2014:43-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Epilepsy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Jimmy Kimmel Asks Anti-GMO People What A “GMO” Is. IFLScience. Published October 11, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/jimmy-kimmel-asks-anti-gmo-people-what-gmo/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Large Truck Safety: Federal Enforcement Efforts Have Been Stronger Since 2000, but Oversight of State Grants Needs Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schey KA. A paradigm for historical and biographical research in support of living history programming at Rancho Los Cerritos Historic Site. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Russian Who Killed Chechen May Get a Pardon. New York Times. September 18, 2004:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Epilepsy
AbbreviationInt. J. Epilepsy
ISSN (print)2213-6320
ScopeClinical Neurology

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