How to format your references using the Cell Stress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stress. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Raymond J (2013). Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature. 495(7439): 33–34. 23467152.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rickaby REM, and Halloran P (2005). Cool La Niña during the warmth of the Pliocene? Science. 307(5717): 1948–1952. 15790852.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Morris RJ, Lewis OT, and Godfray HCJ (2004). Experimental evidence for apparent competition in a tropical forest food web. Nature. 428(6980): 310–313. 15029194.
A journal article with 30 or more authors
1. Kang PJ, Sanson A, Lee B, and Park HO (2001). A GDP/GTP exchange factor involved in linking a spatial landmark to cell polarity. Science. 292(5520): 1376–1378. 11313501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Good PI (2005). Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and Microsoft Office Excel ®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1. Karacapilidis N (2014). Mastering Data-Intensive Collaboration and Decision Making: Research and practical applications in the Dicode project. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Khurana R, and Simons M (2007). Endothelial Activation and Neointimal Hyperplasia: A Double-Edged Sword. In: Deindl E, Kupatt C, editors Therapeutic Neovascularization–Quo Vadis? Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht; pp 75–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stress.

Blog post
1. Andrew E (2015). Explainer: Why Reusable Rockets Are So Hard To Make. IFLScience. Available at [Accessed 10/30/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1983). Costs and Uses of Remote Sensing Satellites. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Smith B (2013). Analysis of hydraulic and financial operations of a recycled water system: A case study of the Orange County water district’s green acres project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L (2008). Justices Shield Medical Devices From Lawsuits. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stress
AbbreviationCell Stress
ISSN (online)2523-0204

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