How to format your references using the Cell Stress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stress. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Michelson AM (2008). Developmental biology. From genetic association to genetic switch. Science. 322(5909): 1803–1804. 19095932.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Philpotts AR, and Dickson LD (2000). The formation of plagioclase chains during convective transfer in basaltic magma. Nature. 406(6791): 59–61. 10894539.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Silvarolla MB, Mazzafera P, and Fazuoli LC (2004). Plant biochemistry: a naturally decaffeinated arabica coffee. Nature. 429(6994): 826. 15215853.
A journal article with 30 or more authors
1. Pighin JA, Zheng H, Balakshin LJ, Goodman IP, Western TL, Jetter R, Kunst L, and Samuels AL (2004). Plant cuticular lipid export requires an ABC transporter. Science. 306(5696): 702–704. 15499022.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ahmad SR, and Cartwright M (2014). Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
1. Read J (2016). Post-admission Language Assessment of University Students. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nagrale DT, Sharma L, Kumar S, and Gawande SP (2016). Recent Diagnostics and Detection Tools: Implications for Plant Pathogenic Alternaria and Their Disease Management. In: Kumar P, Gupta VK, Tiwari AK, Kamle M, editors Current Trends in Plant Disease Diagnostics and Management Practices. Springer International Publishing, Cham; pp 111–163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stress.

Blog post
1. Andrew E (2015). Tomorrow’s Battery Technologies That Could Power Your Home. IFLScience. Available at [Accessed 10/30/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2007). Aviation Security: Efforts to Strengthen International Passenger Prescreening are Under Way, but Planning and Implementation Issues Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pei X (2008). Acid modification of psyllium. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Protess B (2017). Trump Picks an Overseer of Derivatives Trading. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stress
AbbreviationCell Stress
ISSN (online)2523-0204

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