How to format your references using the Health and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Meyer A. Learning from the Altmeister. Nature. 2004;428:897.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thermann R, Hentze MW. Drosophila miR2 induces pseudo-polysomes and inhibits translation initiation. Nature. 2007;447:875–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Touboul M, Puchtel IS, Walker RJ. Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon. Nature. 2015;520:530–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kim J-M, Jang H-J, Choi SY, Park S-A, Kim IS, Yang YR, et al. DJ-1 contributes to adipogenesis and obesity-induced inflammation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4805.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. O’Connor K, Aardema F, Pélissier M-C. Beyond Reasonable Doubt. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Naunheimer H. Automotive Transmissions: Fundamentals, Selection, Design and Application. Bertsche B, Ryborz J, Novak W, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Edwards AC, Walker RL, Maskell P, Watson CA, Rees RM, Stockdale EA, et al. Improving Bioavailability of Phosphate Rock for Organic Farming. In: Lichtfouse E, editor. Genetic Engineering, Biofertilisation, Soil Quality and Organic Farming. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 99–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Technology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why Tomatoes are Fruits, and Strawberries Aren’t Berries [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. VA Information Technology: Progress Continues Although Vulnerabilities Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Sep. Report No.: T-AIMD-00-321.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eskridge RD. Municipal government: Does institutional structural reform make a difference in local government? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Is There a Little Bistro Inside All That Construction? New York Times. 2002 Apr 28;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Technology
AbbreviationHealth Technol. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)2190-7188
ISSN (online)2190-7196
Biomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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