How to format your references using the Health and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Check E. Biomedical funding remains flat. Nature. 2006;439:644.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Allen D, Westerblad H. Physiology. Lactic acid--the latest performance-enhancing drug. Science. 2004;305:1112–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rocha PP, Chaumeil J, Skok JA. Molecular biology. Finding the right partner in a 3D genome. Science. 2013;342:1333–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Cocheo V, Sacco P, Boaretto C, De Saeger E, Ballesta PP, Skov H, et al. Urban benzene and population exposure. Nature. 2000;404:141–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Reinke P. Inorganic Nanostructures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1. Liu Q. Novel Optical Technologies for Nanofabrication. Duan X, Peng C, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Liu L, Ma H, Tao D, Zhang D. A Hierarchical Cooperation Model for Application Self-reconfiguration of Sensor Networks. In: Shen W, Luo J, Lin Z, Barthès J-PA, Hao Q, editors. Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design III: 10th International Conference, CSCWD 2006, Nanjing, China, May 3-5, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Technology.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Blood Biomarkers Help Unravel The Mystery Of Gulf War Illness. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children: Federal Support for Developing Language and Literacy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 May. Report No.: GAO-11-357.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ramirez M. Support groups for caregivers of older adults with end stage renal disease: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burghardt LF. Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times. 2006 Jun 4;14CN6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Technology
AbbreviationHealth Technol. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)2190-7188
ISSN (online)2190-7196
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles