How to format your references using the Health and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Thwaites T. Research metrics: calling science to account. Nature. 2014;511:S57-60.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Muoio DM, Newgard CB. Diabetes: The good in fat. Nature. 2014;516:49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kim S, Ubel P, De Vries R. Pruning the regulatory tree. Nature. 2009;457:534–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tapley BD, Bettadpur S, Ries JC, Thompson PF, Watkins MM. GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system. Science. 2004;305:503–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Harrison RG. Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Kashyap A. Bioinformatics of Non Small Cell Lung Cancer and the Ras Proto-Oncogene. Bujamma D, Babu M N, editors. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yan L, Guo Y, Chen X. SplitDroid: Isolated Execution of Sensitive Components for Mobile Applications. In: Thuraisingham B, Wang X, Yegneswaran V, editors. Security and Privacy in Communication Networks: 11th EAI International Conference, SecureComm 2015, Dallas, TX, USA, October 26-29, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 78–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Technology.

Blog post
1. Taub B. What Is Kratom And Why Has The DEA Decided It’s As Dangerous As Heroin? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Attrition of Scientists and Engineers at Seven Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 May. Report No.: RCED-84-142.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chung J. Quasi-one-dimensional modeling of an adiabatic-compression preheated Ludwieg tube [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Undeclared Candidate; Perot Carries His Message To Arkansas. New York Times. 1992 May 31;120.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Technology
AbbreviationHealth Technol. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)2190-7188
ISSN (online)2190-7196
Biomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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