How to format your references using the Health and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ledford H. Ahead of the pack. Nature. 2009;459:286–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hetherington AM, Woodward FI. The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change. Nature. 2003;424:901–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pawlowski B, Dunbar RI, Lipowicz A. Tall men have more reproductive success. Nature. 2000;403:156.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Krishnakumar R, Gamble MJ, Frizzell KM, Berrocal JG, Kininis M, Kraus WL. Reciprocal binding of PARP-1 and histone H1 at promoters specifies transcriptional outcomes. Science. 2008;319:819–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Diamond N. Between Skins. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1. Faggioni L. Elementi di tomografia computerizzata. Paolicchi F, Neri E, editors. Milano: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Grandcolas P. Adaptation. In: Heams T, Huneman P, Lecointre G, Silberstein M, editors. Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Technology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. The World’s First Wi-Fi Pavement Is Being Piloted In The UK [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/worlds-first-wi-fi-pavement-being-piloted-uk/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Railroad Competitiveness: Federal Laws and Policies Affect Railroad Competitiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Nov. Report No.: RCED-92-16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Boothe CS. The effects of prototype medium on the user’s overall perception of usability and ability to detect usability flaws [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Witz B, Wagner J. Shortening of Games Re-Enters G.M. Talks. New York Times. 2016 Nov 10;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Technology
AbbreviationHealth Technol. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)2190-7188
ISSN (online)2190-7196
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles