How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Health Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Health Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arnqvist G. 2013. Comment on “Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection.” Science. 340:549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhuo S, Ni M. 2014. Label-free and real-time imaging of dehydration-induced DNA conformational changes in cellular nucleus using second harmonic microscopy. Sci Rep. 4:7416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robertson JL, Kolmakova-Partensky L, Miller C. 2010. Design, function and structure of a monomeric ClC transporter. Nature. 468:844–847.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Karpova TS, Kim MJ, Spriet C, Nalley K, Stasevich TJ, Kherrouche Z, Heliot L, McNally JG. 2008. Concurrent fast and slow cycling of a transcriptional activator at an endogenous promoter. Science. 319:466–469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisgaard S, Kulahci M. 2011. Time Series Analysis and Forecasting by Example: Bisgaard/Time Series by Example. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dedecker J. 2007. Weak Dependence: With Examples and Applications. Doukhan P, Lang G, José Rafael LR, Louhichi S, Prieur C, editors. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jacobson MJ, Kim B, Miao C, Shen Z, Chavez M. 2010. Design Perspectives for Learning in Virtual Worlds. In: Jacobson MJ, Reimann P, editors. Designs for Learning Environments of the Future: International Perspectives from the Learning Sciences. Boston, MA: Springer US; p. 111–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Health Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. A Map Of The Loneliest Places On Earth. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Responses to Questions for the Record; September 2008 Hearing on the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McPherson CA. 2012. Characterization of the neurogenic microenvironment in the mouse hippocampus following chemical-induced neuronal injury [Doctoral dissertation]. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2004. “Seagull” Served 3 Ways On Russian Stage Menu. New York Times.:E3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Arnqvist 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Arnqvist 2013; Zhuo & Ni 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhuo & Ni 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Karpova et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Health Res.
ISSN (print)0960-3123
ISSN (online)1369-1619
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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