How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Health Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Health Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lenski RE. 2001. Twice as natural. Nature. 414(6861):255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pryke SR, Griffith SC. 2009. Genetic incompatibility drives sex allocation and maternal investment in a polymorphic finch. Science. 323(5921):1605–1607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldreich P, Lithwick Y, Sari R. 2002. Formation of Kuiper-belt binaries by dynamical friction and three-body encounters. Nature. 420(6916):643–646.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Nakagawa A, Matsuzaki C, Matsumura E, Koyanagi T, Katayama T, Yamamoto K, Sato F, Kumagai H, Minami H. 2014. (R,S)-tetrahydropapaveroline production by stepwise fermentation using engineered Escherichia coli. Sci Rep. 4:6695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunnell T. 2016. From World City to the World in One City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hirose A, Ozawa S, Doya K, Ikeda K, Lee M, Liu D, editors. 2016. Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Almond RG, Mislevy RJ, Steinberg LS, Yan D, Williamson DM. 2015. Basic Graph Theory and Graphical Models. In: Mislevy RJ, Steinberg LS, Yan D, Williamson DM, editors. Bayesian Networks in Educational Assessment. New York, NY: Springer; p. 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Health Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Giant “Pac-Man” Spacecraft Could Devour Space Litter. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Protest of Nonresponsive Determination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tosti CL. 2009. Quantification of dispersed and aggregated iron in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging [Doctoral dissertation]. New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L. 2007. Near Seattle, Tribal Casinos Lead to Even Bigger Bets. New York Times.:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lenski 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lenski 2001; Pryke and Griffith 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pryke and Griffith 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakagawa et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Health Res.
ISSN (print)0960-3123
ISSN (online)1369-1619
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles