How to format your references using the International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbons, A.: Archaeology. Humans may have reached Chile by 18,500 years ago. Science. 350, 898 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Geller, M.R., Zhou, Z.: Factoring 51 and 85 with 8 qubits. Sci. Rep. 3, 3023 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Marston, J.O., Riker, P.W., Thoroddsen, S.T.: Generation of ultra-sound during tape peeling. Sci. Rep. 4, 4326 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Halic, M., Blau, M., Becker, T., Mielke, T., Pool, M.R., Wild, K., Sinning, I., Beckmann, R.: Following the signal sequence from ribosomal tunnel exit to signal recognition particle. Nature. 444, 507–511 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf, K.H., Barnes, R.: VoIP Emergency Calling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2010)
An edited book
Escolano, F.: Information Theory in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Springer, London (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Lodwick, W.A.: The Relationship between Interval, Fuzzy and Possibilistic Optimization. In: Torra, V., Narukawa, Y., and Inuiguchi, M. (eds.) Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, MDAI 2009, Awaji Island, Japan, November 30–December 2, 2009. Proceedings. pp. 55–59. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Virtual Maze Test Predicts Likelihood Of Getting Alzheimer’s Disease,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Customs Automation: Progress Made, More Expected in Revenue Reconciliation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas-Whitman, D.: Treading water: Civic engagement efforts in a time of budget crisis at a public university, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Questions Add to Drumbeat of Mets Injuries, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Energy Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-9163
ISSN (online)2251-6832
ScopeGeneral Energy
Environmental Engineering

Other styles