How to format your references using the International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lipton, P.: Testing hypotheses: prediction and prejudice. Science. 307, 219–221 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Chae, H.G., Kumar, S.: Materials science. Making strong fibers. Science. 319, 908–909 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmith, T., Johansen, S., Thejll, P.: Comment on “A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise.” Science. 317, 1866; author reply 1866 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Trotta, C.R., Paushkin, S.V., Patel, M., Li, H., Peltz, S.W.: Cleavage of pre-tRNAs by the splicing endonuclease requires a composite active site. Nature. 441, 375–377 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reason, B., Løvlie, L., Brand Flu, M.: Service Design for Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Hutchinson, T.A. ed: Whole Person Care: A New Paradigm for the 21st Century. Springer, New York, NY (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Kaksonen, M.: Actin in Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis. In: Carlier, M.-F. (ed.) Actin-based Motility: Cellular, Molecular and Physical Aspects. pp. 85–101. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J.: New “Hobbit” Fossils On Flores Hint At Varied Human Evolution,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Office of Education Should Improve Procedures To Recover Defaulted Loans Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1971)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Archibald, G.A.: Regionalizing competitive talent: An exploratory study of the role of human capital management in the context of economic integration and labor mobility, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: The Dangerous Cocoon Of King Football, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Energy Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-9163
ISSN (online)2251-6832
ScopeGeneral Energy
Environmental Engineering

Other styles