How to format your references using the International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch, X.: Spanish postgrads push for better employment rights. Nature. 405, 723 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lumaret, R., Ouazzani, N.: Plant genetics. Ancient wild olives in Mediterranean forests. Nature. 413, 700 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Alkire, M.T., Hudetz, A.G., Tononi, G.: Consciousness and anesthesia. Science. 322, 876–880 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schulz, O., Diebold, S.S., Chen, M., Näslund, T.I., Nolte, M.A., Alexopoulou, L., Azuma, Y.-T., Flavell, R.A., Liljeström, P., Reis e Sousa, C.: Toll-like receptor 3 promotes cross-priming to virus-infected cells. Nature. 433, 887–892 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marti, P.: Baustatik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany (2014)
An edited book
Hackney, P.: Infinity Properads and Infinity Wheeled Properads. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Benirschke, K., Burton, G.J., Baergen, R.N.: Early Development of the Human Placenta. In: Burton, G.J. and Baergen, R.N. (eds.) Pathology of the Human Placenta. pp. 41–53. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Polar Invasion: How Plants And Animals Would Colonise An Ice-Free Antarctica,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Human Capital Management: FAA’s Reform Effort Requires a More Strategic Approach. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, E.T.: Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R.K.R., whose most recent book of poems is ’ ’Not This Island Music, Literature, ’ ’ Teaches, writing at Bard College: I AM NOT A HALFBACK, (1987)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Energy Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-9163
ISSN (online)2251-6832
ScopeGeneral Energy
Environmental Engineering

Other styles