How to format your references using the International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Waal, F.B.M.: Darwin’s last laugh. Nature. 460, 175 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianchi, A., Shore, D.: Molecular biology. Refined view of the ends. Science. 320, 1301–1302 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Polyak, V., Hill, C., Asmerom, Y.: Age and evolution of the Grand Canyon revealed by U-Pb dating of water table-type speleothems. Science. 319, 1377–1380 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hsu, S.-H., Li, C.-T., Chien, H.-T., Salunkhe, R.R., Suzuki, N., Yamauchi, Y., Ho, K.-C., Wu, K.C.-W.: Platinum-free counter electrode comprised of metal-organic-framework (MOF)-derived cobalt sulfide nanoparticles for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Sci. Rep. 4, 6983 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagashima, Y.: Elementary Particle Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2013)
An edited book
Schurig, V. ed: Differentiation of Enantiomers II. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Rosoux, V.: Post-Conflict Reconciliation: A Humanitarian Myth? In: Gibbons, P. and Heintze, H.-J. (eds.) The Humanitarian Challenge: 20 Years European Network on Humanitarian Action (NOHA). pp. 47–69. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: The Amazing Things Poo Can Tell You About An Animal’s Health,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Biotechnology: Processing Delays Continue for Growing Backlog of Patent Applications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1990)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ballan, A.O.: The selfie generation: Students’ perceptions of classroom incivility in social work education, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Broderick, J.T., Jr., George, R.M.: A Nation of Do-It-Yourself Lawyers, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Energy Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-9163
ISSN (online)2251-6832
ScopeGeneral Energy
Environmental Engineering

Other styles