How to format your references using the Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society (JBCS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kulmala, M. ;Nature 2015, 526, 497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wijffels, R. H.; Barbosa, M. J. ;Science 2010, 329, 796.
A journal article with 3 authors
Toda, S.; Stein, R. S.; Sagiya, T. ;Nature 2002, 419, 58.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Northen, T. R.; Yanes, O.; Northen, M. T.; Marrinucci, D.; Uritboonthai, W.; Apon, J.; Golledge, S. L.; Nordström, A.; Siuzdak, G. ;Nature 2007, 449, 1033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, R. A. Enzyme Kinetics: Rapid-Equilibrium Enzyme Kinetics; Methods of Biochemical Analysis; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Fuel Cell Technology: Reaching Towards Commercialization; Sammes, N., Ed.; Engineering Materials and Processes; Springer: London, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Junshou, C.; Wei, T.; Chao, L.; Guang, Z.; Jie, Y. In China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings: Volume III; Sun, J.; Jiao, W.; Wu, H.; Lu, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society.

Blog post
Davis, J. Red Squirrels In The UK Are Infected By Human Leprosy (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office School Finance: Three States’ Experiences With Equity in School Funding; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keep, A. W. A nanopass framework for commercial compiler development. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University: Bloomington, IN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. Chocolate, the Tuscan Way. New York Times 2009, NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
AbbreviationJ. Braz. Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0103-5053
ISSN (online)1678-4790
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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