How to format your references using the Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (MPMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singh Chawla, D. 2015. “Living figures” make their debut. Nature. 521:112
A journal article with 2 authors
Sergienko, O. V., and Hindmarsh, R. C. A. 2013. Regular patterns in frictional resistance of ice-stream beds seen by surface data inversion. Science. 342:1086–1089
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi, A., Kinjo, R., and Ichinohe, M. 2004. A stable compound containing a silicon-silicon triple bond. Science. 305:1755–1757
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, Z., Liu, H., Luo, Y., Zhou, S., An, L., Wang, C., Jin, Q., Zhou, M., and Xu, J.-R. 2014. Molecular evolution and functional divergence of tubulin superfamily in the fungal tree of life. Sci. Rep. 4:6746

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blundell, A., Harrison, R., and Turney, B. 2010. The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Schaefer, D., ed. 2014. Product Development in the Socio-sphere: Game Changing Paradigms for 21st Century Breakthrough Product Development and Innovation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, D., and Park, G.-T. 2008. Evolution of Inductive Self-organizing Networks. Pages 109–128 in: Engineering Evolutionary Intelligent Systems, Studies in Computational Intelligence. A. Abraham, C. Grosan, and W. Pedrycz, eds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. The Surprising Secrets Of Wolf Spiders’ Sex Lives Include Singing And “Twerking.” IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Information Technology Investment Management: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Process Maturity (Supersedes AIMD-10.1.23). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McElhoes, J. L. 2017. Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. 2013. Bathed in the Glow of Splashing Water. New York Times. :D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Singh Chawla 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Singh Chawla 2015; Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
AbbreviationMol. Plant. Microbe. Interact.
ISSN (print)0894-0282
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
General Medicine

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