How to format your references using the Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (MPMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parada, L. V. 2011. Public health: Life lessons. Nature. 480:S11-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Sáez, A. G., and Lozano, E. 2005. Body doubles. Nature. 433:111
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeng, C., Liu, X., and Wang, G. 2014. Electrically tunable graphene plasmonic quasicrystal metasurfaces for transformation optics. Sci. Rep. 4:5763
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bell, R. E., Studinger, M., Shuman, C. A., Fahnestock, M. A., and Joughin, I. 2007. Large subglacial lakes in East Antarctica at the onset of fast-flowing ice streams. Nature. 445:904–907

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xu, Q. A., and Madden, T. L. 2011. Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Weber, S., Oser, F. K., Achtenhagen, F., Fretschner, M., and Trost, S., eds. 2014. Becoming an Entrepreneur. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Probo, M., Comin, A., Agazzi, A., De Amicis, I., Prandi, A., and Cairoli, F. 2012. Effect of Dry Period Length on NEFA and IGF-I Plasma Concentrations and Postpartum Ovarian Activity Resumption in Dairy Cows. Pages 21–25 in: Veterinary Science: Current Aspects in Biology, Animal Pathology, Clinic and Food Hygiene, A. Pugliese, A. Gaiti, and C. Boiti, eds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016. One Year On From Pioneering Face Transplant, Patient Says Surgery Has “Given Me Back My Life.” IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. FAA Purchase Cards: Weak Controls Resulted in Instances of Improper and Wasteful Purchases and Missing Assets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hammarsten, C. 2015. Decorated Heegaard Diagrams and Combinatorial Heegaard Floer Homology.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. 2016. Satisfying the Sweet (and Savory) Tooth. New York Times. :LI8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parada 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Parada 2011; Sáez and Lozano 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sáez and Lozano 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bell et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
AbbreviationMol. Plant. Microbe. Interact.
ISSN (print)0894-0282
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
General Medicine

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