How to format your references using the Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (MPMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J. 2015. AIDS. No end in sight. Science. 349:230–231
A journal article with 2 authors
Dawkins, M. S., and Woodington, A. 2000. Pattern recognition and active vision in chickens. Nature. 403:652–655
A journal article with 3 authors
Planutis, K., Planutiene, M., and Holcombe, R. F. 2014. A novel signaling pathway regulates colon cancer angiogenesis through Norrin. Sci. Rep. 4:5630
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marimuthu, M. P. A., Jolivet, S., Ravi, M., Pereira, L., Davda, J. N., Cromer, L., Wang, L., Nogué, F., Chan, S. W. L., Siddiqi, I., and Mercier, R. 2011. Synthetic clonal reproduction through seeds. Science. 331:876

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wong, B. P., Mittal, A., Cao, Y., and Starr, G. 2005. Nano-CMOS Circuit and Physical Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tsui, B. C. H., and Suresh, S., eds. 2016. Pediatric Atlas of Ultrasound- and Nerve Stimulation-Guided Regional Anesthesia. 1st ed. 2016. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Dutykh, D., and Dias, F. 2007. Water waves generated by a moving bottom. Pages 65–95 in: Tsunami and Nonlinear Waves, A. Kundu, ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2015. Experiment Proves Einstein Wrong. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Problems And Progress Of The U.S. Army Materiel Command’s Automated Data Processing Service Center Concept. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poldervaart, P. G. 2010. A qualitative study of nursing didactic programs: Novice nurses’ perception of competence, confidence, and retention.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. 2017. M.T.A.’s $1 Million Prizes Are at End of the Tunnel. New York Times. :A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen 2015; Dawkins and Woodington 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dawkins and Woodington 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Marimuthu et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
AbbreviationMol. Plant. Microbe. Interact.
ISSN (print)0894-0282
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
General Medicine

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