How to format your references using the International Journal of Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grindlay, J. E. (2006). Astronomy. A neutron star in F-sharp. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5769), 1876–1877.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickens, M., & Gonzalez, T. N. (2004). Molecular biology. Knives, accomplices, and RNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1299–1300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, Y., Kirmizialtin, S., & Sanchez, I. C. (2014). Dynamic void distribution in myoglobin and five mutants. Scientific Reports, 4, 4011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koscheev, A. P., Gromov, M. D., Mohapatra, R. K., & Ott, U. (2001). History of trace gases in presolar diamonds inferred from ion-implantation experiments. Nature, 412(6847), 615–617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stewart, R. (2012). Plautus and Roman Slavery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Stephanidis, C. (Ed.). (2005). Universal Access in Health Telematics: A Design Code of Practice (Vol. 3041). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bajd, T., Mihelj, M., & Munih, M. (2013). Geometric Model of Anthropomorphic Robot with Spherical Wrist. In M. Mihelj & M. Munih (Eds.), Introduction to Robotics (pp. 73–82). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electronics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 20). Poo Transplants And Probiotics – Does Anything Work To Improve The Health Of Our Gut? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). The San Francisco Regional Office, 1954-1987: Interview With Harold J. D’Ambrogia, Kenneth A. Pollock, Richard A. Sheldon, and Charles F. Vincent (No. OP-20-OH). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chatterji, S. (2016). A novel agent-based dynamic load balancing model for cloud networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (1973, March 11). Marlo Thomas: “My Whole Life I’ve Had My Dukes Up.” New York Times, p. AL135.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grindlay, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Grindlay, 2006; Wickens & Gonzalez, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wickens & Gonzalez, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Jiang, Kirmizialtin, & Sanchez, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Koscheev, Gromov, Mohapatra, & Ott, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electronics
AbbreviationInt. J. Electron.
ISSN (print)0020-7217
ISSN (online)1362-3060
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles