How to format your references using the International Journal of Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sommeria, J. (2001). Unweaving the whirls. Nature, 413(6856), 575.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuwayama, H., & Ishida, S. (2013). Biological soliton in multicellular movement. Scientific Reports, 3, 2272.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fried, S. I., Münch, T. A., & Werblin, F. S. (2002). Mechanisms and circuitry underlying directional selectivity in the retina. Nature, 420(6914), 411–414.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Han, T. A., Pereira, L. M., Santos, F. C., & Lenaerts, T. (2013). Good agreements make good friends. Scientific Reports, 3, 2695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S. (2014). Transport and Coherent Structures in Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schmauder, S. (2009). Micromechanics and Nanosimulation of Metals and Composites: Advanced Methods and Theoretical Concepts (L. Mishnaevsky, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Crespi Reghizzi, S., Breveglieri, L., & Morzenti, A. (2013). Translation Semantics and Static Analysis. In L. Breveglieri & A. Morzenti (Eds.), Formal Languages and Compilation (pp. 293–387). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electronics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 16). Uranus-Like Planet Discovered 25,000 Light-Years Away. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). No Child Left Behind Act: Education’s Data Improvement Efforts Could Strengthen the Basis for Distributing Title III Funds (GAO-07-140). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hughes, L. L. (2010). The principalship: Preparation programs and the self-efficacy of principals [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, April 12). Puerto Rico Aims to Appease Congress With a New Proposal on Its Debt. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sommeria, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kuwayama & Ishida, 2013; Sommeria, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuwayama & Ishida, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Fried et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Han et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electronics
AbbreviationInt. J. Electron.
ISSN (print)0020-7217
ISSN (online)1362-3060
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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