How to format your references using the International Journal of Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koshland, D. E., Jr. (2002). Special essay. The seven pillars of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5563), 2215–2216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allcott, H., & Mullainathan, S. (2010). Energy. Behavior and energy policy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5970), 1204–1205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe, T. B., Macrini, T. E., & Luo, Z.-X. (2011). Fossil evidence on origin of the mammalian brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6032), 955–957.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Y., He, H., Li, S., Liu, D., Lan, B., Hu, M., Cao, Y., & Wang, C. (2014). All-optical regulation of gene expression in targeted cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 5346.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A., & Souchet, D. (2014). Thermo-Hydrodynamic Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Erdmann, G., & Kneuer, M. (Eds.). (2011). Regression of Democracy?: Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft Comparative Governance and Politics. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
A chapter in an edited book
Emani, C. (2014). The Effects of Transgenic Crops on Non-target Organisms. In M. R. Ahuja & K. G. Ramawat (Eds.), Biotechnology and Biodiversity (pp. 59–66). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electronics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, March 3). Weasel Takes A Wild Ride On A Woodpecker’s Back. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Restructured Neighborhood Youth Corps Out-of-School Program in Urban Areas (B-130515). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, Y. (2013). Analysis on the distinct path in a star interconnection network [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nossiter, A., & Gladstone, R. (2015, November 13). Series of Shootings and Blasts, Apparently Coordinated. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koshland, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Allcott & Mullainathan, 2010; Koshland, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allcott & Mullainathan, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Rowe et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electronics
AbbreviationInt. J. Electron.
ISSN (print)0020-7217
ISSN (online)1362-3060
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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