How to format your references using the International Journal of Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winklhofer, M. (2012). Physiology. An avian magnetometer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6084), 991–992.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, C. B., & Menaker, M. (2003). Circadian rhythms. Clocks on the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 319–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeng, Y., Ye, Q., & Shen, W. (2014). Design principles for single standing nanowire solar cells: going beyond the planar efficiency limits. Scientific Reports, 4, 4915.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hay, S. I., Cox, J., Rogers, D. J., Randolph, S. E., Stern, D. I., Shanks, G. D., Myers, M. F., & Snow, R. W. (2002). Climate change and the resurgence of malaria in the East African highlands. Nature, 415(6874), 905–909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, A. (2013). Extractive Metallurgy 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Klug, C., Korn, D., De Baets, K., Kruta, I., & Mapes, R. H. (Eds.). (2015). Ammonoid Paleobiology: From anatomy to ecology (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 43). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Delamere, P. A., Bagenal, F., Paranicas, C., Masters, A., Radioti, A., Bonfond, B., Ray, L., Jia, X., Nichols, J., & Arridge, C. (2016). Solar Wind and Internally Driven Dynamics: Influences on Magnetodiscs and Auroral Responses. In K. Szego, N. Achilleos, C. Arridge, S. Badman, P. Delamere, D. Grodent, M. Galland Kivelson, & P. Louarn (Eds.), The Magnetodiscs and Aurorae of Giant Planets (pp. 51–97). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electronics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 19). Russia And Europe Collaborate On A Joint Mission To The Moon. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). FAA Procurement: Major Data-Processing Contract Should Not Be Awarded (IMTEC-90-38). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ellerbrook, S. L. (2009). Exploring the efficiency and effectiveness of teacher selection tools: The effects on the total group with a focus on the gender sub-groups [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nossiter, A., & Gladstone, R. (2015, November 13). Series of Shootings and Blasts, Apparently Coordinated. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Winklhofer, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Green & Menaker, 2003; Winklhofer, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Green & Menaker, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Zeng et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hay et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electronics
AbbreviationInt. J. Electron.
ISSN (print)0020-7217
ISSN (online)1362-3060
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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