How to format your references using the International Journal of Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, A. (2012). Oceans.The seasonal smorgasbord of the seas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6090), 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doudna, J. A., & Charpentier, E. (2014). Genome editing. The new frontier of genome engineering with CRISPR-Cas9. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6213), 1258096.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atran, S., Axelrod, R., & Davis, R. (2007). Social science. Sacred barriers to conflict resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5841), 1039–1040.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chodavarapu, R. K., Feng, S., Bernatavichute, Y. V., Chen, P.-Y., Stroud, H., Yu, Y., Hetzel, J. A., Kuo, F., Kim, J., Cokus, S. J., Casero, D., Bernal, M., Huijser, P., Clark, A. T., Krämer, U., Merchant, S. S., Zhang, X., Jacobsen, S. E., & Pellegrini, M. (2010). Relationship between nucleosome positioning and DNA methylation. Nature, 466(7304), 388–392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Epperlein, P. W. (2013). Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Mönch, L. (2013). Production Planning and Control for Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication Facilities: Modeling, Analysis, and Systems (J. W. Fowler & S. J. Mason, Eds.; Vol. 52). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lyra, J., & Medrado, B. (2014). Pregnancy, Marriage, and Fatherhood in Adolescents: A Critical Review of the Literature. In A. L. Cherry & M. E. Dillon (Eds.), International Handbook of Adolescent Pregnancy: Medical, Psychosocial, and Public Health Responses (pp. 103–128). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electronics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 6). Scientists Discover Music Evolves Like A Living Species. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Aviation Safety: FAA and DOD Response to Similar Safety Concerns (GAO-02-77). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seidel, J. G. (2015). Adolescent female stress management curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010, December 12). For Future Iron Chefs, More Places to Learn. New York Times, NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Doudna & Charpentier, 2014; Martin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Doudna & Charpentier, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Atran et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chodavarapu et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electronics
AbbreviationInt. J. Electron.
ISSN (print)0020-7217
ISSN (online)1362-3060
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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