How to format your references using the International Journal of Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tosatti, E. (2009). Physics. Fullerides in a squeeze. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5921), 1570–1571.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bundock, P., & Hooykaas, P. (2005). An Arabidopsis hAT-like transposase is essential for plant development. Nature, 436(7048), 282–284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nguyen, T. D., Ehrenfreund, E., & Vardeny, Z. V. (2012). Spin-polarized light-emitting diode based on an organic bipolar spin valve. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6091), 204–209.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bhat-Nakshatri, P., Goswami, C. P., Badve, S., Sledge, G. W., Jr, & Nakshatri, H. (2013). Identification of FDA-approved drugs targeting breast cancer stem cells along with biomarkers of sensitivity. Scientific Reports, 3, 2530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, F.-C., Yu, B., Wei, J.-J., & Kawaguchi, Y. (2011). Turbulent Drag Reduction by Surfactant Additives. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Verhezen, P., Williamson, I., Crosby, M., & Soebagjo, N. (Eds.). (2016). Doing Business in ASEAN Markets: Leadership Challenges and Governance Solutions across Asian Borders. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hrvoic, I., & Newitt, L. R. (2011). Instruments and Methodologies for Measurement of the Earth’s Magnetic Field. In M. Mandea & M. Korte (Eds.), Geomagnetic Observations and Models (pp. 105–126). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electronics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 2). Madagascar’s Unique ‘Spiny Forest’ Is Fast Being Turned Into Charcoal. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Earth Observing System: Concerns Over NASA’s Basic Research Funding Strategy (NSIAD-96-97). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roy, R. (2013). “Jagoron: Awakening” to Gender in Non Governmental Organizations in Contemporary Bengal [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, January 27). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tosatti, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bundock & Hooykaas, 2005; Tosatti, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bundock & Hooykaas, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Nguyen et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bhat-Nakshatri et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electronics
AbbreviationInt. J. Electron.
ISSN (print)0020-7217
ISSN (online)1362-3060
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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