How to format your references using the Annals of Saudi Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Saudi Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Thompson SM. Neuroscience. Matching at the synapse. Science. 2005 May 6;308(5723):800–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
DeVore NM, Scott EE. Structures of cytochrome P450 17A1 with prostate cancer drugs abiraterone and TOK-001. Nature. 2012 Jan 22;482(7383):116–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Araki T, Sasaki Y, Milbrandt J. Increased nuclear NAD biosynthesis and SIRT1 activation prevent axonal degeneration. Science. 2004 Aug 13;305(5686):1010–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mu Y, Yang H-Y, Wang Y-Z, He C-S, Zhao Q-B, Wang Y, et al. The maximum specific hydrogen-producing activity of anaerobic mixed cultures: definition and determination. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 10;4:5239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hitchner JR. Financial Valuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Thomas AR, Vaduva S, editors. Global Supply Chain Security: Emerging Topics in Research, Practice and Policy. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. IX, 202 p. 17 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Perlovsky L, Deming R, Ilin R. Emerging Areas. In: Deming R, Ilin R, editors. Emotional Cognitive Neural Algorithms with Engineering Applications: Dynamic Logic: FromVague to Crisp. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 81–174. (Kacprzyk J, editor. Studies in Computational Intelligence).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Saudi Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Ice Melting From the Inside Out Creates Frozen Waterfall. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: FHWA Has Improved Its Risk Management Approach, but Needs to Improve Its Oversight of Project Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Jul. Report No.: GAO-09-751.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Prasad H. Removing a Thorn with a Thorn: Evaluating India’s Use of Militias in Counterinsurgency [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. With Memories Entrenched, a Hallowed Site Plows Forward. New York Times. 2014 Aug 30;SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Saudi Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Saudi Med.
ISSN (print)0256-4947
ISSN (online)0975-4466
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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