How to format your references using the Annals of Saudi Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Saudi Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wilczek F. Particle physics: A weighty mass difference. Nature. 2015 Apr 16;520(7547):303–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Müller F-J, Loring JF. Network biology: A compass for stem-cell differentiation. Nature. 2014 Sep 25;513(7519):498–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rai A, Menon AV, Jalan S. Randomness and preserved patterns in cancer network. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 15;4:6368.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
van der Wal CH, Eisaman MD, André A, Walsworth RL, Phillips DF, Zibrov AS, et al. Atomic memory for correlated photon states. Science. 2003 Jul 11;301(5630):196–200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Heiberger RM. Computation for the Analysis of Designed Experiments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Rosales-Mendoza S, editor. Genetically Engineered Plants as a Source of Vaccines Against Wide Spread Diseases: An Integrated View. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XII, 287 p. 60 illus., 41 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Slee B. Landscape goods and services related to forestry land use. In: Mander Ü, Wiggering H, Helming K, editors. Multifunctional Land Use: Meeting Future Demands for Landscape Goods and Services. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 65–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Saudi Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Can You Spot What’s Hiding In This Photograph? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/can-you-spot-whats-hiding-in-this-photograph/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: OMB Leadership Critical to Making Needed Enterprise Architecture and E-government Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Mar. Report No.: GAO-02-389T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Frantz DE. The effects of Aroclor 1254 on the reproductive function of male round stingrays (Urobatis halleri) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Markoff J. David Bunnell, Tech Magazine Pioneer, Dies at 69. New York Times. 2016 Oct 21;A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Saudi Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Saudi Med.
ISSN (print)0256-4947
ISSN (online)0975-4466
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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