How to format your references using the Equine Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Equine Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2010) Entertaining science. Nature 466, 27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, B.H. and Kwon, J.W. (2014) Plasmon-assisted radiolytic energy conversion in aqueous solutions. Sci. Rep. 4, 5249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, C., Bobisch, C.A. and Ho, W. (2009) Visualization of Fermi’s golden rule through imaging of light emission from atomic silver chains. Science 325, 981–985.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Tahirov, T.H., Temiakov, D., Anikin, M., Patlan, V., McAllister, W.T., Vassylyev, D.G. and Yokoyama, S. (2002) Structure of a T7 RNA polymerase elongation complex at 2.9 A resolution. Nature 420, 43–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dye, F.J. (2017) Dictionary of Stem Cells, Regenerative Medicine, and Translational Medicine, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Weichold, M., Hamdi, M., Shakir, M.Z., Abdallah, M., Karagiannidis, G.K. and Ismail, M., eds. (2015) Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks: 10th International Conference, CROWNCOM 2015, Doha, Qatar, April 21-23, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Khangamwa, G. (2011) Detecting Network Intrusions Using Hierarchical Temporal Memory. In: E-Infrastuctures and E-Services for Developing Countries: Second International ICST Conference, AFRICOM 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, November 25-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Eds: R. Popescu-Zeletin, I.A. Rai, K. Jonas and A. Villafiorita, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp 41–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Equine Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015) China’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Could Peak Within 10 Years. IFLScience . Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Intercity Passenger Rail: The Financial Viability of Amtrak Continues to Be Threatened, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cappiello, D.M. (2010) Minding the gap: Western export controls and soviet technology policy during the 1960s.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017) Zinzi Clemmons. New York Times C18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEquine Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationEquine Vet. J.
ISSN (print)0425-1644
ISSN (online)2042-3306
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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