How to format your references using the International Journal of Early Years Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Early Years Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geller, Robert J. 2011. “Shake-up Time for Japanese Seismology.” Nature 472 (7344): 407–409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grumbine, R. Edward, and Maharaj K. Pandit. 2013. “Ecology. Threats from India’s Himalaya Dams.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6115): 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Dennis, Satoshi Amagai, and Jennifer Bricken. 2012. “Science Education. Engaging Teachers, Scientists, and Multimedia to Promote Learning.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6088): 1509.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Veneault-Fourrey, Claire, Madhumita Barooah, Martin Egan, Gavin Wakley, and Nicholas J. Talbot. 2006. “Autophagic Fungal Cell Death Is Necessary for Infection by the Rice Blast Fungus.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5773): 580–583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broekaert, José A. C. 2005. Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ricci, Francesco, Kalina Bontcheva, Owen Conlan, and Séamus Lawless, eds. 2015. User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization: 23rd International Conference, UMAP 2015, Dublin, Ireland, June 29 -- July 3, 2015. Proceedings. Vol. 9146. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Samaha, Andrew L., Sarah E. Bloom, and Leah J. Koehler. 2016. “Preference Assessments for Clinical Decision Making.” In Handbook of Evidence-Based Practices in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, edited by Nirbhay N. Singh, 99–122. Evidence-Based Practices in Behavioral Health. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Early Years Education.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “Ancient Cemetery Found Just A Stone’s Throw From Stonehenge.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Transportation: Key Issues and Management Challenges. GAO-12-581T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Isaacson, Mary J. 2009. “The Paradox of Respect and Risk: Six Lakota Adolescents Speak.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, Monica. 2013. “Bankruptcy Lawyer Is Named to Rescue Detroit From Fiscal Disaster.” New York Times, March 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Geller 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Geller 2011; Grumbine and Pandit 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grumbine and Pandit 2013)
  • Three authors: (Liu, Amagai, and Bricken 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Veneault-Fourrey et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Early Years Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Early Years Educ.
ISSN (print)0966-9760
ISSN (online)1469-8463
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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