How to format your references using the International Journal of Early Years Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Early Years Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lepenies, W. 2001. “Cultures of Knowledge.” Nature 410 (6829): 629–630.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brittain, Sean D., and Terrence W. Rettig. 2002. “CO and H(3)(+) in the Protoplanetary Disk around the Star HD141569.” Nature 418 (6893): 57–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bertet, Claire, Lawrence Sulak, and Thomas Lecuit. 2004. “Myosin-Dependent Junction Remodelling Controls Planar Cell Intercalation and Axis Elongation.” Nature 429 (6992): 667–671.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Konhauser, Kurt O., Stefan V. Lalonde, Noah J. Planavsky, Ernesto Pecoits, Timothy W. Lyons, Stephen J. Mojzsis, Olivier J. Rouxel, et al. 2011. “Aerobic Bacterial Pyrite Oxidation and Acid Rock Drainage during the Great Oxidation Event.” Nature 478 (7369): 369–373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edgerton, Michael. 2013. A Practitioner’s Guide to Effective Maritime and Port Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pernul, Günther, Peter Y A Ryan, and Edgar Weippl, eds. 2015. Computer Security -- ESORICS 2015: 20th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Vienna, Austria, September 21-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 9326. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dorn, Márcio, Ardala Breda, and Osmar Norberto de Souza. 2008. “A Hybrid Method for the Protein Structure Prediction Problem.” In Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: Third Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2008, Santo André, Brazil, August 28-30, 2008. Proceedings, edited by Ana L. C. Bazzan, Mark Craven, and Natália F. Martins, 47–56. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Early Years Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Watch Two Rockets Launch, Hover, And Gently Land.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Safety: Certification and Approval Processes Are Generally Viewed as Working Well, but Better Evaluative Information Needed to Improve Efficiency. GAO-11-14. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zellner, Kathleen M. 2008. “An Examination of Grade Distribution Patterns and Grade Inflation at a Baccalaureate Nursing Program.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, John. 2016. “Bypassing Stigma to Take Care of Herself and a Daughter Like Her.” New York Times, December 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kuhl 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Müller 2003; Colwell 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brittain and Rettig 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bertet, Sulak, and Lecuit 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zahn et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Early Years Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Early Years Educ.
ISSN (print)0966-9760
ISSN (online)1469-8463
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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