How to format your references using the International Journal of Early Years Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Early Years Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mézard, Marc. 2003. “Physics/Computer Science. Passing Messages between Disciplines.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5640): 1685–1686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lowell, Bradford B., and Gerald I. Shulman. 2005. “Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Type 2 Diabetes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5708): 384–387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnett, T. P., D. W. Pierce, and R. Schnur. 2001. “Detection of Anthropogenic Climate Change in the World’s Oceans.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5515): 270–274.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mizutani, Ken-Ichi, Keejung Yoon, Louis Dang, Akinori Tokunaga, and Nicholas Gaiano. 2007. “Differential Notch Signalling Distinguishes Neural Stem Cells from Intermediate Progenitors.” Nature 449 (7160): 351–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society. 2013. Taschenbuch Für Den Tunnelbau 2014. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Monekosso, Dorothy, Paolo Remagnino, and Yoshinori Kuno, eds. 2009. Intelligent Environments: Methods, Algorithms and Applications. Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gieskes, W. W. C., S. C. Leterme, H. Peletier, M. Edwards, and P. C. Reid. 2007. “Phaeocystis Colony Distribution in the North Atlantic Ocean since 1948, and Interpretation of Long-Term Changes in the Phaeocystis Hotspot in the North Sea.” In Phaeocystis, Major Link in the Biogeochemical Cycling of Climate-Relevant Elements, edited by M. A. van Leeuwe, J. Stefels, S. Belviso, C. Lancelot, P. G. Verity, and W. W. C. Gieskes, 49–60. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Early Years Education.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “Is There Any Way To Tell If The FBI Have Read Your Email?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Japan and Australia. NSIAD-92-5. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, Emily. 2017. “Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, Kelly. 2014. “David Furnish Pours Champagne for Las Vegas.” New York Times, August 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mézard 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mézard 2003; Lowell and Shulman 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lowell and Shulman 2005)
  • Three authors: (Barnett, Pierce, and Schnur 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mizutani et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Early Years Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Early Years Educ.
ISSN (print)0966-9760
ISSN (online)1469-8463
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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