How to format your references using the International Journal of Early Years Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Early Years Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rangel, Thiago F. 2012. “Ecology. Amazonian Extinction Debts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6091): 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, Richard M., and Hiroo Kanamori. 2003. “The Potential for Earthquake Early Warning in Southern California.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5620): 786–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGraw, Christopher M., Rodney C. Samaco, and Huda Y. Zoghbi. 2011. “Adult Neural Function Requires MeCP2.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6039): 186.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ming, Leiguo, Fang Jin, Ping Huang, Hailang Luo, Wenjia Liu, Leilei Zhang, Wei Yuan, Yongjie Zhang, and Yan Jin. 2014. “Licochalcone A Up-Regulates of FasL in Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Strengthen Bone Formation and Increase Bone Mass.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burkinshaw, Stephen M. 2016. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Puhl, Wolfhart, Klaus-Peter Günther, Paul Dieppe, and Karsten E. Dreinhöfer, eds. 2009. EUROHIP: Health Technology Assessment of Hip Arthroplasty in Europe. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Antognini, Alessandro Baldi, Alessandra Giovagnoli, Daniele Romano, and Maroussa Zagoraiou. 2009. “Computer Simulations for the Optimization of Technological Processes.” In Statistics for Innovation: Statistical Design of “Continuous” Product Innovation, edited by Pasquale Erto, 65–88. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Early Years Education.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “Gene Therapy Uses Synthetic Virus To Cure Deafness.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at the University of Southern California and Participating Schools in Los Angeles and Riverside Counties. B-164031(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Voma, Sanath Kumar. 2017. “Design of Power Management Circuit for Energy Harvesting Applications.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2002. “Princeton’s Atkinson Won’t Let Injuries Stop Him.” New York Times, November 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rangel 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Rangel 2012; Allen and Kanamori 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allen and Kanamori 2003)
  • Three authors: (McGraw, Samaco, and Zoghbi 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ming et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Early Years Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Early Years Educ.
ISSN (print)0966-9760
ISSN (online)1469-8463
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles