How to format your references using the International Journal of Early Years Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Early Years Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joyce, Gerald F. 2012. “Evolution. Toward an Alternative Biology.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6079): 307–308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boehning, Darren, and Solomon H. Snyder. 2002. “Circadian Rhythms. Carbon Monoxide and Clocks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5602): 2339–2340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tosca, Nicholas J., Andrew H. Knoll, and Scott M. McLennan. 2008. “Water Activity and the Challenge for Life on Early Mars.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5880): 1204–1207.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Iriarte, José, Irene Holst, Oscar Marozzi, Claudia Listopad, Eduardo Alonso, Andrés Rinderknecht, and Juan Montaña. 2004. “Evidence for Cultivar Adoption and Emerging Complexity during the Mid-Holocene in the La Plata Basin.” Nature 432 (7017): 614–617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misstear, Bruce, David Banks, and Lewis Clark. 2017. Water Wells and Boreholes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Britt, L. D., Donald D. Trunkey, and David V. Feliciano, eds. 2007. Acute Care Surgery: Principles and Practice. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bahadur, Rakesh, and William B. Samuels. 2011. “Drinking Water Critical Infrastructure and Its Protection.” In Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection, edited by Robert M. Clark, Simon Hakim, and Avi Ostfeld, 65–85. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Early Years Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Contractor Digs Up 14,000-Year-Old Mastodon Skeleton In Neighbor’s Backyard.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Missile Development: Development Status of the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile. NSIAD-87-168. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gatti, Daniel M. 2010. “Genome-Wide Analysis of Transcriptional Regulation in the Murine Liver.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, Susan. 2016. “Art in Plain English.” New York Times, March 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joyce 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Joyce 2012; Boehning and Snyder 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boehning and Snyder 2002)
  • Three authors: (Tosca, Knoll, and McLennan 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Iriarte et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Early Years Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Early Years Educ.
ISSN (print)0966-9760
ISSN (online)1469-8463
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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