How to format your references using the International Journal of Early Years Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Early Years Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ott, Sascha. 2011. “Chemistry. Ironing out Hydrogen Storage.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6050): 1714–1715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferraro, Paul J., and Agnes Kiss. 2002. “Ecology. Direct Payments to Conserve Biodiversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5599): 1718–1719.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glasauer, Susan, Sean Langley, and Terry J. Beveridge. 2002. “Intracellular Iron Minerals in a Dissimilatory Iron-Reducing Bacterium.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5552): 117–119.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xia, Zhen, Huabiao Chen, Seung-Gu Kang, Tien Huynh, Justin W. Fang, Pedro A. Lamothe, Bruce D. Walker, and Ruhong Zhou. 2014. “The Complex and Specific PMHC Interactions with Diverse HIV-1 TCR Clonotypes Reveal a Structural Basis for Alterations in CTL Function.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Weihong, and Min Wan. 2016. Milling Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bellatreche, Ladjel, and Mukesh K. Mohania, eds. 2013. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 15th International Conference, DaWaK 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, August 26-29, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 8057. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gal, John. 2010. “Exploring the Extended Family of Mediterranean Welfare States, or: Did Beveridge and Bismarck Take a Mediterranean Cruise Together?” In Children, Gender and Families in Mediterranean Welfare States, edited by Mimi Ajzenstadt and John Gal, 77–101. Children¿s Well-Being: Indicators and Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Early Years Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “What Happens When You Put a Mouse in Mountain Dew for 30 Days?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Query Regarding Department of Education Regulations. B-210733. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh, Wendy. 2009. “Elderly Vietnamese’ Perceptions of the Effects of Adult Day Health Care Services on Their Mental and Physical Well-Being.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, Monica, and Mary Williams Walsh. 2013. “For Detroit, a Crisis Born of Bad Decisions and Crossed Fingers.” New York Times, March 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ott 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ott 2011; Ferraro and Kiss 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ferraro and Kiss 2002)
  • Three authors: (Glasauer, Langley, and Beveridge 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xia et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Early Years Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Early Years Educ.
ISSN (print)0966-9760
ISSN (online)1469-8463
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles