How to format your references using the Fuel Processing Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuel Processing Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W.S. Barnett, Effectiveness of early educational intervention, Science. 333 (2011) 975–978.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.N. Houk, P.H.-Y. Cheong, Computational prediction of small-molecule catalysts, Nature. 455 (2008) 309–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Mignot, J.P. Merlie Jr, D.R. Zusman, Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein, Science. 310 (2005) 855–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Vanduffel, D. Fize, H. Peuskens, K. Denys, S. Sunaert, J.T. Todd, G.A. Orban, Extracting 3D from motion: differences in human and monkey intraparietal cortex, Science. 298 (2002) 413–415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F.B. Saksena, Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
N.T. Nguyen, M.T. Le, J. Świątek, eds., Intelligent Information and Database Systems: Second International Conference, ACIIDS, Hue City, Vietnam, March 24-26, 2010. Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Eyden, S.S. Banerjee, Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone, and Other Mesenchymal Tumours, in: S.S. Banerjee, Y. Ru, P. Liberski (Eds.), The Ultrastructure of Human Tumours: Applications in Diagnosis and Research, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 177–362.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuel Processing Technology.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, This Boy Was Arrested For Bringing A Clock To Class - And Now He’s Been Invited To The White House, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, HUD-Assisted Renters, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.S. Reddy, Modulo Multipliers with Adaptive Delay for a High Dynamic Range Residue Number System Using Booth Encoding, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Corkery, The Graduates of Walmart Academy, New York Times. (2017) A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuel Processing Technology
AbbreviationFuel Process. Technol.
ISSN (print)0378-3820
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

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