How to format your references using the Fuel Processing Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuel Processing Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L.R. Kump, Atmospheric science. Tipping pointedly colder, Science. 323 (2009) 1175–1176.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.J. Richardson, E.S. Poloczanska, Ocean science. Under-resourced, under threat, Science. 320 (2008) 1294–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.Y. Moon-van der Staay, R. De Wachter, D. Vaulot, Oceanic 18S rDNA sequences from picoplankton reveal unsuspected eukaryotic diversity, Nature. 409 (2001) 607–610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.C. Ekiert, G. Bhabha, M.-A. Elsliger, R.H.E. Friesen, M. Jongeneelen, M. Throsby, J. Goudsmit, I.A. Wilson, Antibody recognition of a highly conserved influenza virus epitope, Science. 324 (2009) 246–251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.J. Duffy, Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2006.
An edited book
M. Brazil, Optimal Interconnection Trees in the Plane: Theory, Algorithms and Applications, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Jiménez-Cruz, I.J. Arroyo-Maya, A. Hernández-Arana, M. Cornejo-Mazón, H. Hernández-Sánchez, Protein-Based Nanoparticles, in: H. Hernández-Sánchez, G.F. Gutiérrez-López (Eds.), Food Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 69–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuel Processing Technology.

Blog post
K. Evans, By Age 6 Girls Are More Likely To Think “Genius” And “Brilliance” Are Male Traits, Not Female, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD Education Benefits: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight of Tuition Assistance Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.J. Ward, A study of the perceptions of first-year teachers as prepared classroom teachers, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times. (2016) MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuel Processing Technology
AbbreviationFuel Process. Technol.
ISSN (print)0378-3820
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

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