How to format your references using the Fuel Processing Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuel Processing Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z.-X. Luo, Transformation and diversification in early mammal evolution, Nature. 450 (2007) 1011–1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.H. Jones, M.S. Handcock, Social networks: Sexual contacts and epidemic thresholds, Nature. 423 (2003) 605–6; discussion 606.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Yang, J.I. Goldstein, E.R.D. Scott, Iron meteorite evidence for early formation and catastrophic disruption of protoplanets, Nature. 446 (2007) 888–891.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Sidorenko, T. Krupenkin, A. Taylor, P. Fratzl, J. Aizenberg, Reversible switching of hydrogel-actuated nanostructures into complex micropatterns, Science. 315 (2007) 487–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Wood, W. Brown, H. Howe, IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
G.Y. Wu, N. Selsky, J.M. Grant-Kels, eds., Atlas of Dermatological Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
C.S. Chaboo, Defensive Behaviors in Leaf Beetles: From the Unusual to the Weird, in: J.M. Vivanco, T. Weir (Eds.), Chemical Biology of the Tropics: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuel Processing Technology.

Blog post
J. Davis, Final Piece In Puzzle Of How Type 1 Diabetes Kills Insulin-Producing Cells Discovered, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Contract Award of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration to the Institute for Law and Social Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Douglas, Thermogravimetric and Raman Investigations on the Mechanism of Decomposition of Lead Compounds on Tungsten Surfaces, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, Does Amazon Pay Tax? Yes, New York Times. (2017) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuel Processing Technology
AbbreviationFuel Process. Technol.
ISSN (print)0378-3820
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

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