How to format your references using the International Journal of Disaster Risk Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guthrie, R. Dale. 2003. Rapid body size decline in Alaskan Pleistocene horses before extinction. Nature 426: 169–171.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujii, Naotaka, and Ann M. Graybiel. 2003. Representation of action sequence boundaries by macaque prefrontal cortical neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 1246–1249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas, Paul, James R. Graham, and Mark Clampin. 2005. A planetary system as the origin of structure in Fomalhaut’s dust belt. Nature 435: 1067–1070.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Markewitz, D., E. A. Davidson, Figueiredo Rd, R. L. Victoria, and A. V. Krusche. 2001. Control of cation concentrations in stream waters by surface soil processes in an Amazonian watershed. Nature 410: 802–805.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy, Mohamed A. 2016. Project Management in the Oil and Gas Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Burrascano, Pietro, Sergio Callegari, Augusto Montisci, Marco Ricci, and Mario Versaci, ed. 2015. Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation Systems: Industrial Application Issues. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Krebbers, Robbert. 2013. Aliasing Restrictions of C11 Formalized in Coq. In Certified Programs and Proofs: Third International Conference, CPP 2013, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, December 11-13, 2013, Proceedings, ed. Georges Gonthier and Michael Norrish, 50–65. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Fingerprint Analysis Could Detect Cocaine Use. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 17.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Telecommunications: Research and Regulatory Efforts on Mobile Phone Health Issues. GAO-01-545. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren, Shawn M. 2015. The leadership process: An analysis of follower influence on leader behavior in hospital organizations. Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, Susan. 2016. They Were With Her From the Very Start. New York Times, December 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guthrie 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fujii and Graybiel 2003; Guthrie 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujii and Graybiel 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Markewitz et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Disaster Risk Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-0055
ISSN (online)2192-6395
ScopeGlobal and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Safety Research

Other styles