How to format your references using the International Journal of Disaster Risk Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kwok, P. Y. 2001. Genomics. Genetic association by whole-genome analysis? Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1669–1670.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goette, Lorenz, and Stephan Meier. 2011. Economics. Can integration tame conflicts? Science (New York, N.Y.) 334: 1356–1357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregory, Jonathan M., Philippe Huybrechts, and Sarah C. B. Raper. 2004. Climatology: threatened loss of the Greenland ice-sheet. Nature 428: 616.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ponomarenko, L. A., F. Schedin, M. I. Katsnelson, R. Yang, E. W. Hill, K. S. Novoselov, and A. K. Geim. 2008. Chaotic Dirac billiard in graphene quantum dots. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320: 356–358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, Ngai Hang. 2010. Time Series: Applications to Finance with R and S-Plus®. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Somlai, Judit, and Tibor Kovács, ed. 2016. Neuro-Ophthalmology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Di Piazza, Maria Carmela, and Gianpaolo Vitale. 2013. Photovoltaic Source Dynamic Modeling Issues. In Photovoltaic Sources: Modeling and Emulation, ed. Gianpaolo Vitale, 131–169. Green Energy and Technology. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. The Maya Civilization May Have Experienced Two Declines Before Collapsing Forever. IFLScience. IFLScience. January 24.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Highway Demonstration Projects. RCED-93-193R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherwin, Peggy R. 2012. The disconnection between high school and college: A study of retention of students who are at risk of leaving college before completing a degree. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. A Shoe With Meow. New York Times, August 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kwok 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kwok 2001; Goette and Meier 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goette and Meier 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ponomarenko et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Disaster Risk Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-0055
ISSN (online)2192-6395
ScopeGlobal and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Safety Research

Other styles