How to format your references using the International Journal of Disaster Risk Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mastrandrea, Michael D. 2010. Obituary: Stephen Henry Schneider (1945-2010). Nature 466: 933.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losick, Richard, and Claude Desplan. 2008. Stochasticity and cell fate. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320: 65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
LaRiviere, F. J., A. D. Wolfson, and O. C. Uhlenbeck. 2001. Uniform binding of aminoacyl-tRNAs to elongation factor Tu by thermodynamic compensation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 165–168.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Johansson, Linda, Anne Rytkonen, Peter Bergman, Barbara Albiger, Helena Källström, Tomas Hökfelt, Birgitta Agerberth, Roberto Cattaneo, and Ann-Beth Jonsson. 2003. CD46 in meningococcal disease. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 373–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson Jr. MD, Walter H., and James H. Moller MD. 2014. Pediatric Cardiology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Simpson, Timothy W., Zahed Siddique, and Jianxin Roger Jiao, ed. 2006. Product Platform and Product Family Design: Methods and Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Pozzi, Michele, and Meiling Zhu. 2013. Plucked Piezoelectric Bimorphs for Energy Harvesting. In Advances in Energy Harvesting Methods, ed. Niell Elvin and Alper Erturk, 119–140. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Scientists Make Transparent Mice To Study Cellular Connections. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 12.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. For-Profit Schools: Experiences of Undercover Students Enrolled in Online Classes at Selected Colleges. GAO-12-150. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Ki Sun. 2008. Towards an improved baton technique: The application and modification of conducting gestures drawn from the methods of Rudolf, Green and Saitö for enhanced performance of orchestral interpretations. Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel, Emily, and Michael S. Schmidt. 2017. O’Reilly Settled Claim, Then Got a New Fox Deal. New York Times, October 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mastrandrea 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Losick and Desplan 2008; Mastrandrea 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losick and Desplan 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Johansson et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Disaster Risk Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-0055
ISSN (online)2192-6395
ScopeGlobal and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Safety Research

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