How to format your references using the International Journal of Disaster Risk Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett, Chris. 2003. Ocean science. Enhanced: internal tides and ocean mixing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 1858–1859.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aussillous, P., and D. Quéré. 2001. Liquid marbles. Nature 411: 924–927.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coumou, D., T. Driesner, and C. A. Heinrich. 2008. The structure and dynamics of mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1825–1828.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Alonso, Maria C., Douglas R. Drummond, Susan Kain, Julia Hoeng, Linda Amos, and Robert A. Cross. 2007. An ATP gate controls tubulin binding by the tethered head of kinesin-1. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 120–123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cook, Mark. 2008. Personnel Selection. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kömer, Pavel, Ajith Abraham, and Václav Snášel, ed. 2014. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications IBICA 2014. Vol. 303. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fraillon, Julian, John Ainley, Wolfram Schulz, Tim Friedman, and Eveline Gebhardt. 2014. The Influence of Students’ Personal and Home Background on Computer and Information Literacy. In Preparing for Life in a Digital Age: The IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study International Report, ed. John Ainley, Wolfram Schulz, Tim Friedman, and Eveline Gebhardt, 101–124. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. Extremely Messy Tardigrade Sex Has Been Filmed For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 5.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Mass Transit: Challenges in Securing Transit Systems. GAO-02-1075T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sever, Renae Sandin. 2017. A Quantitative Descriptive Study Using the Theoretical Domains Framework to Investigate and Compare the Psychotropic Medication Prescribing Behavior of Primary Care Prescribers. Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. In Showdown, Sure Hands And Shaky Ones. New York Times, June 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garrett 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Aussillous and Quéré 2001; Garrett 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aussillous and Quéré 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Alonso et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Disaster Risk Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-0055
ISSN (online)2192-6395
ScopeGlobal and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Safety Research

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