How to format your references using the International Journal of Disaster Risk Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agrawal, A. A. 2001. Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 321–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kinnamon, Sue C., and Susan D. Reynolds. 2009. Cell biology. Using taste to clear the air(ways). Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 1081–1082.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behie, S. W., P. M. Zelisko, and M. J. Bidochka. 2012. Endophytic insect-parasitic fungi translocate nitrogen directly from insects to plants. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 1576–1577.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bazykin, Georgii A., Fyodor A. Kondrashov, Aleksey Y. Ogurtsov, Shamil Sunyaev, and Alexey S. Kondrashov. 2004. Positive selection at sites of multiple amino acid replacements since rat-mouse divergence. Nature 429: 558–562.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Renaud, Bertrand, Kyung-Hwan Kim, and Man Cho. 2016. Dynamics of Housing in East Asia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rivère de Carles, Nathalie, ed. 2016. Early Modern Diplomacy, Theatre and Soft Power: The Making of Peace. Early Modern Literature in History. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Douglas, Kate, and Anna Poletti. 2016. Lost Boys: Child Soldier Memoirs and the Ethics of Reading. In Life Narratives and Youth Culture: Representation, Agency and Participation, ed. Anna Poletti, 89–117. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Disaster Risk Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Homemade Magneto Shoes Let This X-Men Fan Walk On The Ceiling. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Proposed Alliance Between American Airlines and British Airways Raises Competition Concerns and Public Interest Issues. GAO-02-293R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solari, Soren. 2009. A unified anatomical theory and computational model of cognitive information processing in the mammalian brain and the introduction of DNA reco codes. Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, Michael M. 2017. They’re Like a Sitcom. Really. New York Times, May 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agrawal 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Agrawal 2001; Kinnamon and Reynolds 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kinnamon and Reynolds 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Bazykin et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Disaster Risk Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-0055
ISSN (online)2192-6395
ScopeGlobal and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Safety Research

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