How to format your references using the European Economic Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Economic Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Solow, A.R., 2013. Global warming: A call for peace on climate and conflict. Nature 497, 179–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strausfeld, N.J., Hirth, F., 2013. Deep homology of arthropod central complex and vertebrate basal ganglia. Science 340, 157–161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brummelkamp, T.R., Bernards, R., Agami, R., 2002. A system for stable expression of short interfering RNAs in mammalian cells. Science 296, 550–553.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shi, J., Krishnamoorthy, G., Yang, Y., Hu, L., Chaturvedi, N., Harilal, D., Qin, J., Cui, J., 2002. Mechanism of magnesium activation of calcium-activated potassium channels. Nature 418, 876–880.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minelli, M., Chambers, M., Dhiraj, A., 2013. Big Data, Big Analytics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Priami, C., Back, R.-J., Petre, I., Vink, E. de (Eds.), 2011. Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XIII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vollweiler, J., Zuccaro, G., Jr., 2006. Staging of Esophageal Cancer, in: Faigel, D.O., Kochman, M.L. (Eds.), Endoscopic Oncology: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Cancer Management. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 31–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Economic Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Neutrino Beam Experiment Could Explain A Fundamental Problem With The Universe [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Security: Efforts to Measure Effectiveness and Strengthen Security Programs (No. GAO-04-285T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento, K.A., 2017. The Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Subjective Well-Being of Collegiate Athletes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shea, C.D., 2015. The Détente That Wasn’t: Putin’s Call to Elton John. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Solow, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Solow, 2013; Strausfeld and Hirth, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strausfeld and Hirth, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Shi et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Economic Review
AbbreviationEur. Econ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0014-2921
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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