How to format your references using the European Economic Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Economic Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cardon, L.R., 2006. Genetics. Delivering new disease genes. Science 314, 1403–1405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milad, M.R., Quirk, G.J., 2002. Neurons in medial prefrontal cortex signal memory for fear extinction. Nature 420, 70–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg, M.R., Rubin, R.A., Natowicz, M.R., 2013. Patterning of regional gene expression in autism: new complexity. Sci. Rep. 3, 1831.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, K.Y., Peters, M.C., Anderson, K.W., Mooney, D.J., 2000. Controlled growth factor release from synthetic extracellular matrices. Nature 408, 998–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Suárez, A., 2008. Analysis and Design of Autonomous Microwave Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kishen, A. (Ed.), 2015. Nanotechnology in Endodontics: Current and Potential Clinical Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, X., Yang, J., 2012. Dominance-based Rough Sets in “?” Incomplete Information System, in: Yang, J. (Ed.), Incomplete Information System and Rough Set Theory: Models and Attribute Reductions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 169–192.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Economic Review.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2017. Tortoise Gets A Set Of Wheels After Injuring Legs Having Sex [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened (No. GAO-09-414T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstein, J.P., 2010. Helical Symmetry (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2008. ‘Traffic Calming’ Theory Can Provoke a Storm. New York Times LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cardon, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Cardon, 2006; Milad and Quirk, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milad and Quirk, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Economic Review
AbbreviationEur. Econ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0014-2921
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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