How to format your references using the Annual Review of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zala K. 2007. Careers in behavioral science. Public opinion research: measuring happiness. Science. 316(5827):1060–61
A journal article with 2 authors
Weatherhead EC, Andersen SB. 2006. The search for signs of recovery of the ozone layer. Nature. 441(7089):39–45
A journal article with 3 authors
Tischer T, Hörmanseder E, Mayer TU. 2012. The APC/C inhibitor XErp1/Emi2 is essential for Xenopus early embryonic divisions. Science. 338(6106):520–24
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fang C, Smith P, Moncrieff JB, Smith JU. 2005. Similar response of labile and resistant soil organic matter pools to changes in temperature. Nature. 433(7021):57–59

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loughran M. 2010. Auditing for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Shi YQ, ed. 2009. Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security IV, Vol. 5510. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Flores FG, Oñate E. 2005. Applications of a Rotation-Free Triangular Element for Finite Strain Analysis of Thin Shells and Membranes. In Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, eds. E Oñate, B Kröplin, pp. 69–88. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Amazing Time-lapse Shows A Fly Emerging From Its Pupa. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Space Shuttle: NASA Should Implement Independent Oversight of Software Development. IMTEC-91-20, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steigner T. 2008. A study of cross -border takeovers: Examining the impact of national culture on internalization benefits, and the implications of early versus late -mover status for bidders and their rivals. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Norton MB. 2010. At War With the Shakers. New York Times, Sep. 19, , p. BR20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zala 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Weatherhead & Andersen 2006; Zala 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weatherhead & Andersen 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Fang et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Anthropology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0084-6570
ISSN (online)1545-4290
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

Other styles