How to format your references using the Annual Review of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davidson EH. 2012. Retrospective. Roy J. Britten (1919-2012). Science. 335(6073):1183
A journal article with 2 authors
Ouyang M, Awschalom DD. 2003. Coherent spin transfer between molecularly bridged quantum dots. Science. 301(5636):1074–78
A journal article with 3 authors
Amodeo GA, Rudolph MJ, Tong L. 2007. Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1. Nature. 449(7161):492–95
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jin S, Huang M, Kwon Y, Zhang L, Li B-W, et al. 2018. Colossal grain growth yields single-crystal metal foils by contact-free annealing. Science

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langlois P. 2013. Simulation of Complex Systems in GIS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Metkar S. 2013. Motion Estimation Techniques for Digital Video Coding. New Delhi: Springer India
A chapter in an edited book
Tsou JY. 2015. Reconsidering the Carnap-Kuhn Connection. In Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions - 50 Years On, eds. WJ Devlin, A Bokulich, pp. 51–69. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Anthropology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. Our Solar System May Have Had An Extra Fifth Giant Planet In The Past. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Attrition of Scientists and Engineers at Seven Agencies. RCED-84-142, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton HL. 2017. Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2002. Two Old Buildings Win Friends in High Places. New York Times, Nov. 3, , p. 147

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davidson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson 2012; Ouyang & Awschalom 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ouyang & Awschalom 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Jin et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Anthropology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0084-6570
ISSN (online)1545-4290
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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