How to format your references using the Annual Review of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flower HM. 2000. Electrochemistry. A moving oxygen story. Nature. 407(6802):305–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Quental TB, Marshall CR. 2013. How the Red Queen drives terrestrial mammals to extinction. Science. 341(6143):290–92
A journal article with 3 authors
Bishop JKB, Davis RE, Sherman JT. 2002. Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific. Science. 298(5594):817–21
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Barrangou R, Fremaux C, Deveau H, Richards M, Boyaval P, et al. 2007. CRISPR provides acquired resistance against viruses in prokaryotes. Science. 315(5819):1709–12

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jufer M. 2013. Electric Drives. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Burstein F, Brézillon P, Zaslavsky A, eds. 2011. Supporting Real Time Decision-Making: The Role of Context in Decision Support on the Move, Vol. 13. Boston, MA: Springer US
A chapter in an edited book
Wagter R, Proper HA, Witte D. 2013. Developing the GEA Method – Design Science and Case-Study Research in Action. In Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: CAiSE 2013 International Workshops, Valencia, Spain, June 17-21, 2013. Proceedings, eds. X Franch, P Soffer, pp. 43–57. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Anthropology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. Martian Valleys May Have Been Formed By Ice, Not Water. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Review of Selected Contracts Awarded by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. PSAD-79-103, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graves IS. 2010. Positioning of Fifth Grade Students in Small-Group Settings: Naming Participation in Discussion-Based Mathematics. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2009. Citing Taxes, Some Seek Fire District’s Demise. New York Times, March 22, , p. LI5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flower 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Flower 2000; Quental & Marshall 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Quental & Marshall 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Barrangou et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Anthropology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0084-6570
ISSN (online)1545-4290
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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