How to format your references using the Annual Review of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spitzer NC. 2006. Electrical activity in early neuronal development. Nature. 444(7120):707–12
A journal article with 2 authors
Marks CO, Muller-Landau HC. 2007. Comment on “From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity.” Science. 316(5830):1425; author reply 1425
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen GZ, Fray DJ, Farthing TW. 2000. Direct electrochemical reduction of titanium dioxide to titanium in molten calcium chloride. Nature. 407(6802):361–64
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oe Y, Tominaga-Yoshino K, Hasegawa S, Ogura A. 2013. Dendritic spine dynamics in synaptogenesis after repeated LTP inductions: dependence on pre-existing spine density. Sci. Rep. 3:1957

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarker DK. 2013. Pharmaceutical Emulsions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Rausch P, Sheta AF, Ayesh A, eds. 2013. Business Intelligence and Performance Management: Theory, Systems and Industrial Applications. London: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Gupta S, Kamali S, López-Ortiz A. 2013. On Advice Complexity of the k-server Problem under Sparse Metrics. In Structural Information and Communication Complexity: 20th International Colloquium, SIROCCO 2013, Ischia, Italy, July 1-3, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, eds. T Moscibroda, AA Rescigno, pp. 55–67. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Is This The End Of Particle Physics As We Know It? Let’s Hope Not. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Engineering Research Centers: NSF Program Management and Industry Sponsorship. RCED-88-177, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benware A. 2017. The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum WK, McKINLEY JC Jr. 2014. 106 Are Charged in Lengthy Fraud Over Disabilities. New York Times, Jan. 7, , p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spitzer 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Marks & Muller-Landau 2007; Spitzer 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marks & Muller-Landau 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Oe et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Anthropology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0084-6570
ISSN (online)1545-4290
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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