How to format your references using the Annual Review of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dehgan A. 2012. Creating the new development ecosystem. Science. 336(6087):1397–98
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowitch DH, Kriegstein AR. 2010. Developmental genetics of vertebrate glial-cell specification. Nature. 468(7321):214–22
A journal article with 3 authors
Toyoshima C, Nomura H, Tsuda T. 2004. Lumenal gating mechanism revealed in calcium pump crystal structures with phosphate analogues. Nature. 432(7015):361–68
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schaeffer J, Burch N, Björnsson Y, Kishimoto A, Müller M, et al. 2007. Checkers is solved. Science. 317(5844):1518–22

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mcphee JE. 2014. Mastering Strategic Risk. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Keohane NO. 2016. Markets and the Environment. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics
A chapter in an edited book
Thiel A, König B. 2008. An institutional analysis of land use modelling in the European Commission. In Sustainability Impact Assessment of Land Use Changes, eds. K Helming, M Pérez-Soba, P Tabbush, pp. 55–75. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Has The Hole in Stephen Hawking’s Black Hole Theory Been Plugged? IFLScience.’s-black-hole-theory-been-plugged/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Maritime Administration: Weaknesses Identified in Management of the Title XI Loan Guarantee Program. GAO-03-657, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layne LL. 2008. Military leadership: Encouraging enlisted personnel to participate in continuing education. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2017. Springsteen’s Archives: (Where Else?) In Jersey. New York Times, Jan. 11, , p. C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dehgan 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dehgan 2012; Rowitch & Kriegstein 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowitch & Kriegstein 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Schaeffer et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Anthropology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0084-6570
ISSN (online)1545-4290
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

Other styles