How to format your references using the Annual Review of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marquis RJ. 2004. Ecology. Herbivores rule. Science. 305(5684):619–21
A journal article with 2 authors
Sneppen K, Semsey S. 2014. Mismatch repair at stop codons is directed independent of GATC methylation on the Escherichia coli chromosome. Sci. Rep. 4:7346
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson AH, Shirey SB, Carlson RW. 2003. Archaean ultra-depleted komatiites formed by hydrous melting of cratonic mantle. Nature. 423(6942):858–61
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schneider NM, Burger MH, Schaller EL, Brown ME, Johnson RE, et al. 2009. No sodium in the vapour plumes of Enceladus. Nature. 459(7250):1102–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilmshurst L. 2012. Clinical and Educational Child Psychology. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Meersman R, Tari Z, eds. 2006. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2006: CoopIS, DOA, GADA, and ODBASE: OTM Confederated International Conferences, CoopIS, DOA, GADA, and ODBASE 2006, Montpellier, France, October 29 - November 3, 2006. Proceedings, Part I, Vol. 4275. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Wobst HM. 2006. Artifacts as Social Interference: The Politics of Spatial Scale. In Confronting Scale in Archaeology: Issues of Theory and Practice, ed. BL Molyneaux, pp. 55–64. Boston, MA: Springer US

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Anthropology.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2016. Vaccines Work Better When Injected In The Morning, Claims Study. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Data Transparency: Oversight Needed to Address Underreporting and Inconsistencies on Federal Award Website. GAO-14-476, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ilag GM. 2014. An examination of the entity participants’ collaborative partnerships within the United Nations Global Compact. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. 2016. Famous for Its Past, a Small New Jersey Town Struggles to Define Its Future. New York Times, Oct. 10, , p. A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marquis 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Marquis 2004; Sneppen & Semsey 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sneppen & Semsey 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Schneider et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Anthropology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0084-6570
ISSN (online)1545-4290
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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