How to format your references using the International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Marti K. Planetary science. Sampling the Sun. Science 2007;318:401–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Scott MP, Lawrence PA. Obituary: Edward B. Lewis (1918-2004). Nature 2004;431:143.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Alonso S, Sagués F, Mikhailov AS. Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media. Science 2003;299:1722–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Carey JB, Vrdoljak A, O’Mahony C, Hill AVS, Draper SJ, Moore AC. Microneedle-mediated immunization of an adenovirus-based malaria vaccine enhances antigen-specific antibody immunity and reduces anti-vector responses compared to the intradermal route. Sci Rep 2014;4:6154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Panek W, Wentworth T. Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Daniel F, Dolog P, Li Q, editors. Web Engineering: 13th International Conference, ICWE 2013, Aalborg, Denmark, July 8-12, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 7977. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Lignos DG, Putman C, Krawinkler H. Seismic Assessment of Steel Moment Frames Using Simplified Nonlinear Models. In: Papadrakakis M, Fragiadakis M, Plevris V, editors. Computational Methods in Earthquake Engineering: Volume 2, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. All Of Feynman’s Lectures Now Available Online Completely Free. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/all-feynman’s-lectures-now-available-online-completely-free/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Schools and Libraries Corporation: Actions Needed to Strengthen Program Integrity Operations Before Committing Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Moble B. Fundamental understanding of the cycloidal-rotor concept for micro air vehicle applications. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Van Gelder SKC by L. Arts, Briefly; Coppola and Putin Meet. New York Times 2005:E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Diabetes Mellitus
AbbreviationInt. J. Diabetes Mellit.
ISSN (print)1877-5934
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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