How to format your references using the International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pan J. China expects leadership from rich nations. Nature 2009;461:1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Muotri AR, Gage FH. Generation of neuronal variability and complexity. Nature 2006;441:1087–93.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Day M, Langston R, Morris RGM. Glutamate-receptor-mediated encoding and retrieval of paired-associate learning. Nature 2003;424:205–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Abbatt JPD, Benz S, Cziczo DJ, Kanji Z, Lohmann U, Möhler O. Solid ammonium sulfate aerosols as ice nuclei: a pathway for cirrus cloud formation. Science 2006;313:1770–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rowlinson M. A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Dawid H, Semmler W, editors. Computational Methods in Economic Dynamics. vol. 13. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kindinger E. The Paradoxical Class Politics in Here Comes Honey Boo Boo. In: Lemke S, Schniedermann W, editors. Class Divisions in Serial Television, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 65–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. The Five Most Insane Conspiracy Theories About Mars. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/five-crazy-conspiracy-theories-about-martian-water/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Issues Presented by Proposal to Create a Government Corporation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Igbojekwe SC. Development of Environmental Friendly Cement for Oil and Gas Well Application. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. A Woman’s Fortune, and Her Ruin. New York Times 2017:C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Diabetes Mellitus
AbbreviationInt. J. Diabetes Mellit.
ISSN (print)1877-5934
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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