How to format your references using the International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bonvillian WB. Technology. Advanced manufacturing policies and paradigms for innovation. Science 2013;342:1173–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Burlini L, Di Toro G. Geophysics. Volcanic symphony in the lab. Science 2008;322:207–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Martincorena I, Seshasayee ASN, Luscombe NM. Evidence of non-random mutation rates suggests an evolutionary risk management strategy. Nature 2012;485:95–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Cantuti-Castelvetri L, Fitzner D, Bosch-Queralt M, Weil M-T, Su M, Sen P, et al. Defective cholesterol clearance limits remyelination in the aged central nervous system. Science 2018;359:684–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kriegel J. Unfairly Labeled. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Paipetis A, Kostopoulos V, editors. Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials: A New Generation of Multifunctional Hybrid Structural Composites. vol. 188. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Isselmou YO, Wackernagel H, Tabbara W, Wiart J. Geostatistical Estimation of Electromagnetic Exposure. In: Soares A, Pereira MJ, Dimitrakopoulos R, editors. geoENV VI – Geostatistics for Environmental Applications: Proceedings of the Sixth European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 59–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Mount Etna Just Exploded Into Life. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/mount-etna-exploded-life/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a Forum: Health Care 20 Years From Now--Taking Steps Today to Meet Tomorrow’s Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Armani MD. Nucleic acid extraction and detection across two-dimensional tissue samples. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. When the Gay Best Friend Is the Odd Man Out. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Diabetes Mellitus
AbbreviationInt. J. Diabetes Mellit.
ISSN (print)1877-5934
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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