How to format your references using the Rheumatology and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheumatology and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Eckhardt B. Applied physics. A critical point for turbulence. Science. 2011;333:165–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nijman SMB, Friend SH. Cancer. Potential of the synthetic lethality principle. Science. 2013;342:809–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Greiner M, Regal CA, Jin DS. Emergence of a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas. Nature. 2003;426:537–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hussain S, Rodriguez-Fernandez M, Braun GB, Doyle FJ 3rd, Ruoslahti E. Quantity and accessibility for specific targeting of receptors in tumours. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Port M, Samuels M. The Think Big Manifesto. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Stippich C, editor. Clinical Functional MRI: Presurgical Functional Neuroimaging. 2nd ed. 2015. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Renz W, Sudeikat J. Modeling Feedback within MAS: A Systemic Approach to Organizational Dynamics. In: Vouros G, Artikis A, Stathis K, Pitt J, editors. Organized Adaption in Multi-Agent Systems: First International Workshop, OAMAS 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 13, 2008 Revised and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 72–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheumatology and Therapy.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Infants Too Young For Vaccines Catch Measles From Unvaccinated Children At Disneyland. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Corporation for Public Broadcasting’s Oversight of National Public Radio. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Mar. Report No.: AFMD-84-44.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Day JP. Semirelativistic few body problems with matrix continued fraction methods [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gavin J. Even at 94, Brazil’s Grande Dame of the Stage Can’t Stop Singing. New York Times. 2016 Sep 19;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRheumatology and Therapy
AbbreviationRheumatol. Ther.
ISSN (print)2198-6576
ISSN (online)2198-6584

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