How to format your references using the New Zealand Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vanmaekelbergh D 2015. Materials science: Superlattice substitution. Nature 524: 418–419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Townley R, Shapiro L 2007. Crystal structures of the adenylate sensor from fission yeast AMP-activated protein kinase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315: 1726–1729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang R, Willett SD, Goren L 2015. In situ low-relief landscape formation as a result of river network disruption. Nature 520: 526–529.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park JY, Ogletree DF, Salmeron M, Ribeiro RA, Canfield PC, Jenks CJ, Thiel PA 2005. High frictional anisotropy of periodic and aperiodic directions on a quasicrystal surface. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 1354–1356.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morag N 2011. Comparative Homeland Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hattori H, Kawamura T, Idé T, Yokoo M, Murakami Y (Eds.) 2009. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI 2008 Conference and Workshops, Asahikawa, Japan, June 11-13, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. IX, 334 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kabir SMR, Casey ATH 2012. Non-Dysraphic Intradural Spinal Cord Lipoma: Management Guidelines. In: Hayat MA ed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. Pp. 29–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Plant Protection.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016. SpaceX Successfully Lands Second Rocket On Barge. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2016. Credit Programs: Key Agencies Should Better Document Procedures for Estimating Subsidy Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schoenecker KD 2010. Determinants of life satisfaction: Generated and ranked by undergraduate college students. Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Craig S, Chen DW 2016. Trump Flirted With State Bid Before ’16 Race.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vanmaekelbergh 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Townley & Shapiro 2007, Vanmaekelbergh 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Townley & Shapiro 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Plant Protection
AbbreviationN. Z. Plant Prot.
ISSN (print)1175-9003
ISSN (online)1179-352X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles