How to format your references using the New Zealand Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic P 2001. Neurobiology. Neurocreationism--making new cortical maps. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1011–1012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lansbury PT, Lashuel HA 2006. A century-old debate on protein aggregation and neurodegeneration enters the clinic. Nature 443: 774–779.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi Y, Evans JE, Rock KL 2003. Molecular identification of a danger signal that alerts the immune system to dying cells. Nature 425: 516–521.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoshimura T, Yasuo S, Watanabe M, Iigo M, Yamamura T, Hirunagi K, Ebihara S 2003. Light-induced hormone conversion of T4 to T3 regulates photoperiodic response of gonads in birds. Nature 426: 178–181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwedt G 2010. Zuckersüße Chemie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Obukhovskii V 2013. Method of Guiding Functions in Problems of Nonlinear Analysis. In: Zecca P, In: Van Loi N, In: Kornev S ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. XIII, 177 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Páez DG, Padrón V, de Buenaga M, Aparicio F 2013. Improving Health Services Using Cloud Computing, Big Data and Wireless Sensors. In: Nugent C, In: Coronato A, In: Bravo J ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham. Pp. 35–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Plant Protection.

Blog post
Hale T 2016. See Which Health Supplements Aren’t Backed By Science. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998. Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel Implementing Financial Systems in the Federal Government. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ameen U 2012. Social and political climates’ influence on Muslim American students’ intersectional identity. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M 2012. Trying to Win A Campaign With Money And Nice Hair.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rakic 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Rakic 2001, Lansbury & Lashuel 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lansbury & Lashuel 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshimura et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Plant Protection
AbbreviationN. Z. Plant Prot.
ISSN (print)1175-9003
ISSN (online)1179-352X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles