How to format your references using the New Zealand Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C 2007. Tools for drug discovery: tools of the trade. Nature 446: 219–222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuroda H, Maliga P 2003. The plastid clpP1 protease gene is essential for plant development. Nature 425: 86–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaganovich D, Kopito R, Frydman J 2008. Misfolded proteins partition between two distinct quality control compartments. Nature 454: 1088–1095.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jiang Z, Wen G, Luo Y, Zhang X, Liu Q, Liang A 2014. A new silver nanorod SPR probe for detection of trace benzoyl peroxide. Scientific reports 4: 5323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leis JW 2011. Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dössel O, Schlegel WC (Eds.) 2010. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/8 Micro- and Nanosystems in Medicine, Active Implants, Biosensors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. XVI, 390 p. 452 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Prasek D 2015. EBRD Environmental and Social Governance Standards and Their Impact on the Market. In: Wendt K ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham. Pp. 71–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Plant Protection.

Blog post
Andrew E 2013. By 2047, our Coldest Years May Be Warmer Than the Hottest in our Past. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1981. Better Management Needed in Social Security Administration’s Toll-Free Telephone Service to the Public. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lara C 2015. Bullying victimization among adolescent students: A qualitative study. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik JF 2017. How to Get Financial Advice in Your Best Interest.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kuroda & Maliga 2003, Smith 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuroda & Maliga 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Plant Protection
AbbreviationN. Z. Plant Prot.
ISSN (print)1175-9003
ISSN (online)1179-352X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles