How to format your references using the New Zealand Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin SJ 2010. Cell biology. Opening the cellular poison cabinet. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 1330–1331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Douvris C, Ozerov OV 2008. Hydrodefluorination of perfluoroalkyl groups using silylium-carborane catalysts. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1188–1190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou T, Gao Y, Wang ZD 2014. Topological quantum phase transitions and edge states in spin-orbital coupled Fermi gases. Scientific reports 4: 5218.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Riha K, McKnight TD, Griffing LR, Shippen DE 2001. Living with genome instability: plant responses to telomere dysfunction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 291: 1797–1800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Counseling Association 2015. The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA, USA.
An edited book
Hooper NM, Lendeckel U (Eds.) 2007. Intramembrane-Cleaving Proteases (I-CLiPs). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. IX, 142 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Lesmes DP, Friedman SP 2005. Relationships between the Electrical and Hydrogeological Properties of Rocks and Soils. In: Rubin Y, In: Hubbard SS ed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. Pp. 87–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Plant Protection.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014. First Direct Evidence Of Microbial Life Under 1km Of Antarctic Ice. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997. Weather Service Modernization: Risks Remain That Full Systems Potential Will Not be Achieved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown VA 2015. Silenced Voices That Cry in the Night: The Transformative Experience of Spouses of Wounded Warriors - Is it Transformative Learning? A Phenomenological Study. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J 2016. Syndergaard, Last Man Standing, Is Natural Choice for Survival Game.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Douvris & Ozerov 2008, Martin 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Douvris & Ozerov 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Riha et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Plant Protection
AbbreviationN. Z. Plant Prot.
ISSN (print)1175-9003
ISSN (online)1179-352X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles