How to format your references using the New Zealand Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strober W 2006. Immunology. Unraveling gut inflammation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313: 1052–1054.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krieger MJB, Ross KG 2002. Identification of a major gene regulating complex social behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 328–332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy M, Mrofka D, von der Borch C 2008. Snowball Earth termination by destabilization of equatorial permafrost methane clathrate. Nature 453: 642–645.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Birney E, Bateman A, Clamp ME, Hubbard TJ 2001. Mining the draft human genome. Nature 409: 827–828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alhabeeb MJ 2012. Mathematical Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Volpi P (Ed.) 2016. Arthroscopy and Sport Injuries: Applications in High-level Athletes. Springer International Publishing, Cham. XVIII, 457 p. 190 illus., 154 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Hölscher H, Ebeling D, Schwarz UD 2007. Q-controlled Dynamic Force Microscopy in Air and Liquids. In: Bhushan B, In: Kawata S, In: Fuchs H ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Pp. 75–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Plant Protection.

Blog post
Taub B 2016. Scientists Say New AI Can Predict Future Criminals Based On Facial Features. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2016. Financial Management Systems: HUD Needs to Address Management and Governance Weaknesses That Jeopardize Its Modernization Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sprague T 2012. Cultural perspectives among children of Guatemalan Maya immigrants in Lake Worth, Florida. Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Nixon R 2017. Vetting Is Little Changed Since Calls for Travel Ban.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strober 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Krieger & Ross 2002, Strober 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krieger & Ross 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Birney et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Plant Protection
AbbreviationN. Z. Plant Prot.
ISSN (print)1175-9003
ISSN (online)1179-352X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles