How to format your references using the New Zealand Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scott JC 2004. Materials science. Is there an immortal memory? Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 62–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rykaczewski RR, Dunne JP 2011. A measured look at ocean chlorophyll trends. Nature 472: E5-6; discussion E8-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller KM, Rog O, Cooper JP 2006. Semi-conservative DNA replication through telomeres requires Taz1. Nature 440: 824–828.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Akahane Y, Asano T, Song B-S, Noda S 2003. High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal. Nature 425: 944–947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael E, Gillian H, Stefan K, Alex L 2012. Gramsci. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cohen I 2009. Noise Reduction in Speech Processing. In: Huang Y, In: Chen J, In: Benesty J ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. X, 230 p. 56 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen J, Man H, Yen NY, Jin Q, Shih TK 2010. Dynamic Navigation for Personalized Learning Activities Based on Gradual Adaption Recommendation Model. In: Luo X, In: Spaniol M, In: Wang L, In: Li Q, In: Nejdl W, In: Zhang W ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Plant Protection.

Blog post
Andrew E 2016. How Half Our Brain Keeps Watch When We Sleep In Unfamiliar Places. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992. NASA Certification of Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chun AR 2017. Physiological, Ultrastructure, and Preliminary Genomic Characterization of the Marine Protist Thraustochytrium sp. LLF1b (class Labyrinthulomycetes). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G 2014. With Memories Entrenched, a Hallowed Site Plows Forward.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scott 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Scott 2004, Rykaczewski & Dunne 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rykaczewski & Dunne 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Akahane et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Plant Protection
AbbreviationN. Z. Plant Prot.
ISSN (print)1175-9003
ISSN (online)1179-352X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles