How to format your references using the International Journal of Dharma Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Dharma Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lindley, D. 2001. Questions of direction. Nature 410: 305.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Graaf, Joost, and Liberato Manna. 2012. Materials science. A roadmap for the assembly of polyhedral particles. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337: 417–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
de Jong, Peter W., Joop C. van Lenteren, and C. Lidwien Raak-van den Berg. 2013. Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341: 1342.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zeineh, Michael M., Stephen A. Engel, Paul M. Thompson, and Susan Y. Bookheimer. 2003. Dynamics of the hippocampus during encoding and retrieval of face-name pairs. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299: 577–580.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saint-Dizier, Patrick. 2014. Musical Rhetoric. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ventura, Hector O., ed. 2016. Pharmacologic Trends of Heart Failure. Current Cardiovascular Therapy. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Matoušek, Jiří. 2014. String graphs and separators. In Geometry, Structure and Randomness in Combinatorics, ed. Jiří Matoušek, Jaroslav Nešetřil, and Marco Pellegrini, 61–97. Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Dharma Studies.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. America’s Cicadas Are Mysteriously Appearing Four Years Early. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 23.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Telecommunications: Preliminary Information on Media Ownership. GAO-08-330R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lorentz, John. 2009. The effect of requirements prioritization on avionics system conceptual design. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, Linda. 2012. A Vote for Small. New York Times, September 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lindley 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lindley 2001; de Graaf and Manna 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Graaf and Manna 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zeineh et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Dharma Studies
AbbreviationInt. J. Dharma Stud.
ISSN (online)2196-8802

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