How to format your references using the International Journal of Dharma Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Dharma Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strohman, Richard. 2002. Maneuvering in the complex path from genotype to phenotype. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296: 701–703.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkins, J. F., and R. F. Gesteland. 2001. mRNA readout at 40. Nature 414: 693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong, Yanzhong, Zhiyong Wang, and Xianbo Jin. 2013. Sulfuric acid intercalated graphite oxide for graphene preparation. Scientific reports 3: 3439.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hindupur, Sravanth K., Marco Colombi, Stephen R. Fuhs, Matthias S. Matter, Yakir Guri, Kevin Adam, Marion Cornu, et al. 2018. The protein histidine phosphatase LHPP is a tumour suppressor. Nature 555: 678–682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilhus, Nils Erik, Michael P. Barnes, and Michael Brainin. 2010. European Handbook of Neurological Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Manuti, Amelia, and Pasquale Davide de Palma, ed. 2016. The Social Organization: Managing Human Capital through Social Media. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwamoto, Seiichi. 2007. Golden optimal policy in calculus of variation and dynamic programming. In Advances in Mathematical Economics, ed. Shigeo Kusuoka and Akira Yamazaki, 65–89. Advances in Mathematical Economics. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Dharma Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Astronomers Capture A Rare Wolf-Rayet Star Just Hours After It Dramatically Explodes. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 22.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Civil Agencies Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. AA-98-29(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Bumsoo. 2013. Essays in the Dynamics Bayesian Models in Marketing. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2008. Say Cheese At This Deli And You’ll Get 3 Dozen Types. New York Times, November 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strohman 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Atkins and Gesteland 2001; Strohman 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atkins and Gesteland 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hindupur et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Dharma Studies
AbbreviationInt. J. Dharma Stud.
ISSN (online)2196-8802

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